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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 3/2014

01-05-2014 | Original Article

Inattentional deafness in music

Auteurs: Sabrina Koreimann, Bartosz Gula, Oliver Vitouch

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 3/2014

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Abstract

While inattentional blindness is a modern classic in attention and perception research, analogous phenomena of inattentional deafness have been widely neglected. We here present the first investigation of inattentional deafness in and with music under controlled experimental conditions. Inattentional deafness in music is defined as the inability to consciously perceive an unexpected musical stimulus when attention is focused on a certain facet of the piece. Participants listened to a modification of the first 1′50″ of Richard Strauss’ Thus Spake Zarathustra; while the control group just listened, the experimental group had to count the number of timpani beats. An e-guitar solo served as the unexpected event. In Study 1, experimental data from n = 115 participants were analyzed. Non-musicians were compared with musicians to investigate the impact of expertise. In Study 2 (n = 47), the scope of the inattentional deafness effect was investigated with a more salient unexpected stimulus. Results demonstrate an inattentional deafness effect under dynamic musical conditions. Quite unexpectedly, the effect was structurally equivalent even for musicians. Our findings clearly show that sustained inattentional deafness exists in the musical realm, in close correspondence to inattentional blindness with dynamic visual stimuli.
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1
Due to cells with zero frequencies, we repeated the model selection procedure with a constant of 1 added either to all cells or to all zero frequency cells. Both analyses resulted in the same final model with significant main effects and no interactions, as well as the same rank order of B-weights for the main effects.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Inattentional deafness in music
Auteurs
Sabrina Koreimann
Bartosz Gula
Oliver Vitouch
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 3/2014
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-014-0552-x

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