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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 3/2008

01-04-2008

Inattention/Overactivity Following Early Severe Institutional Deprivation: Presentation and Associations in Early Adolescence

Auteurs: Suzanne E. Stevens, Edmund J. S. Sonuga-Barke, Jana M. Kreppner, Celia Beckett, Jenny Castle, Emma Colvert, Christine Groothues, Amanda Hawkins, Michael Rutter

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 3/2008

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Abstract

The current study examined the persistence and phenotypic presentation of inattention/overactivity (I/O) into early adolescence, in a sample of institution reared (IR) children adopted from Romania before the age of 43 months. Total sample comprised 144 IR and 21 non-IR Romanian adoptees, and a comparison group of 52 within-UK adoptees, assessed at ages 6 and 11 years. I/O was rated using Rutter Scales completed by parents and teachers. I/O continued to be strongly associated with institutional deprivation, with continuities between ages 6 and 11 outcomes. There were higher rates of deprivation-related I/O in boys than girls, and I/O was strongly associated with conduct problems, disinhibited attachment and executive function but not IQ more generally, independently of gender. Deprivation-related I/O shares many common features with ADHD, despite its different etiology and putative developmental mechanisms. I/O is a persistent domain of impairment following early institutional deprivation of 6 months or more, suggesting there may be a possible pathway to impairment through some form of neuro-developmental programming during critical periods of early development.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Inattention/Overactivity Following Early Severe Institutional Deprivation: Presentation and Associations in Early Adolescence
Auteurs
Suzanne E. Stevens
Edmund J. S. Sonuga-Barke
Jana M. Kreppner
Celia Beckett
Jenny Castle
Emma Colvert
Christine Groothues
Amanda Hawkins
Michael Rutter
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 3/2008
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-007-9185-5

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