Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
In children, the pathways by which physical activity and fitness are associated with physical and psychological wellbeing are still not fully understood. The present study examines for the first time in young children whether high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity moderate the relationship between severity of life events and health-related quality of life.
Three hundred and seventy-eight children (188 girls, 190 boys, Mage = 7.27 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. Parental education, gender, age, severity of life events, health-related quality of life and physical activity were assessed via parental questionnaires. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed with the 20 m shuttle run test. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to test whether physical activity and fitness interacted with critical life events to explain health-related quality of life.
When exposed to critical life events, children with higher fitness levels experienced higher levels of psychological wellbeing, relative to their less fit peers. On the other hand, children with higher fitness levels experienced higher physical wellbeing and more positive friendship relationships when severity of life events was low. A similar moderation effect was found for physical activity with overall quality of life as outcome.
Recent stressful experiences alone were not sufficient to explain negative health outcomes in young children. Children with low cardiorespiratory fitness levels experienced lower psychological wellbeing when they were exposed to critical life events. More research is needed to find out whether similar findings emerge with objective physical activity measurements and when critical life events are assessed over longer periods of time.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Liu, J., Sekine, M., Tatsuse, T., Fujimura, Y., Hamanishi, S., Lu, F., et al. (2015). Outdoor physical activity and its relation with self-reported health in Japanese children: Results from the Toyama birth cohort study. Child Care and Health Development,41, 920–927. CrossRef
Alonso-Fernandez, N., Jimenez-Garcia, R., Alonso-Fernandez, L., Hernandez-Barrera, V., & Palacios-Cena, D. (2015). Health factors related to physical activity among children and adolescents: Results from Spanish National Health Surveys 2006 and 2011/12. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing,20, 193–202. CrossRefPubMed
Gerber, M., Brand, S., Elliott, C., Holsboer-Trachsler, E., & Pühse, U. (2014). Aerobic exercise, ball sports, dancing, and weight lifting as moderators of the relationship between stress and depressive symptoms: An exploratory cross-sectional study with Swiss university students. Perceptual and Motor Skills,119, 679–697. CrossRefPubMed
Moksnes, U. K., Lillefjell, M., & Espnes, G. A. (2013). The relationship between stress, leisure time vigorous physical activity and depressive symptoms in adolescents. Child and Adolescent Behavior. doi: 10.4172/jcalb.1000120.
Brown, J. D., & Lawton, M. (1986). Stress and well-being in adolescents: The moderating role of physical exercise. Journal of Human Stress,12, 125–131. PubMed
Carlsson, E., Frostell, A., Ludvigsson, J., & Faresjo, M. (2014). Psychological stress in children may alter the immune response. Journal of Immunology,192, 2071–2081. CrossRef
Grant, K. E., Compas, B. E., Thurm, A. E., McMahon, S. D., Gipson, P. Y., Campbell, A. J., et al. (2006). Stressors and child and adolescent psychopathology: Evidence of moderating and mediating effects. Clinical Psychological Journal,26, 257–283.
Luthar, S. S. (Ed.). (2003). Resilience and vulnerability: Adaptation in the context of childhood adversities. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Eskelinen, M., & Ollonen, P. Life stress due to losses and deficit in childhood and adolescence as breast cancer risk factor: A prospective case-control study in Kuopio, Finland. Anticancer Research, 30, 4303–4308.
Imhof, K., Faude, O., Donath, L., Bean-Eisenhut, S., Hanssen, H., & Zahner, L. (2016). The association of socio-economic factors with physical fitness and activity behaviours, spinal posture and retinal vessel parameters in first graders in urban Switzerland. Journal of Sports Sciences,34, 1271–1280. CrossRefPubMed
Johnson, J. H., & McCutcheon, S. (1980). Assessing life stress in older children and adolescents: Preliminary findings with the Life Events Checklist. In G. Sarason & C. Spielberg (Eds.), Stress and anxiety (pp. 111–125). Washington: Hemisphere Publishing.
Brand, A. H., & Johnson, J. H. (1982). Note on reliability of the Life Events Checklist. Psychological Reports,50, 1274. CrossRef
Ravens-Sieberer, U., Ellert, U., & Erhart, M. (2007). Gesundheitsbezogene Lebensqualität von Kindern und Jugendlichen in Deutschland: Eine Normstichprobe für Deutschland aus dem Kinder- und Jugendgesundheitssurvey (KIGGS) [Health-related quality of life of children and adolescents in Germany: Normative values for Germany based on the child and adolescent health survey (KIGGS)]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz,50, 810–818. CrossRefPubMed
van Mechelen, W., Hlobil, H., & Kemper, H. C. G. (1986). Validation of two running tests as estimates of maximal aerobic power in children. European Journal of Applied Physiology,55, 503–506. CrossRef
Niederer, I., Kriemler, S., Zahner, L., Bürgi, F., Ebenegger, V., Hartmann, T., et al. (2009). Influence of a lifestyle intervention in preschool children on physiological and psychological parameters (Ballabeina): Study design of a cluster randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health,9, 94. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Lampert, T., Mensink, G., Romahn, N., & Woll, A. (2007). Körperlich-sportliche Aktivität von Kindern und Jugendlichen in Deutschland. Ergebnisse des Kinder- und Jugendgesundheitssurveys (KiGGS). Bundesgesundheitsblatt – Gesundheitsforschung – Gesundheitsschutz, 50, 1–9.
Manz, K., Schlack, R., Poethko-Müller, C., Mensink, G., Finger, J., Lampert, T., et al. (2014). Körperlich-sportliche Aktivität und Nutzung elektronischer Medien im Kindes- und Jugendalter. Ergebnisse der KiGGS-Studie – Erste Folgebefragung (KiGGS Welle 1). Bundesgesundheitsblatt – Gesundheitsforschung – Gesundheitsschutz, 57, 840–848.
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2001). Using multivariate analysis. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education.
Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American psychological association (6th ed.). Washington: American Psychological Association.
Dawson, J. F. (2014). Moderation in management research. What, why, when and how. Journal of Business and Psychology,29, 1–19. CrossRef
Swiss Federal Office of Sports. (2008). Gesundheitswirksame Bewegung (Health enhancing physical activity). Magglingen: BASPO.
McEwen, B. S. (2002). Protective and damaging effects of stress mediators: The good and bad side of the response to stress. Metabolism,51, S2–S4. CrossRef
Bevans, K., Cerbone, A., & Overstreet, S. (2008). Relations between recurrent trauma exposure and recent life stress and salivary cortisol among children. Developmental Psychopathology,20, 257–272. CrossRef
Klaperski, S., von Dawans, B., Heinrichs, M., & Fuchs, R. (2013). Does the level of physical exercise affect physiological and psychological responses to psychosocial stress in women? Psychology of Sport and Exercise,14, 266–274. CrossRef
Martikainen, S., Pesonen, A. K., Lahti, J., Heinonen, K., Feldt, K., Pyhälä, R., et al. (2013). Higher levels of physical activity are associated with lower hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis reactivity to psychosocial stress. Journal of Clincal Endocrinology and Metabolism,98, 619–627. CrossRef
Gerber, M., Brand, S., Feldmeth, A. K., Lang, C., Elliot, C., Holsboer-Trachsler, E., et al. (2013). Adolescents with high mental toughness adapt better to perceived stress: A longitudinal study with Swiss vocational students. Personality and Individual Differences,54, 808–814. CrossRef
Sallis, J. F., McKenzie, T. L., & Alcaraz, J. E. (1993). Habitual physical activity and health-related physical fitness in fourth-grade children. American Journal of Diseases of Children,147, 890–896. PubMed
Colley, R. C., Wong, S. L., Garriguet, D., Janssen, I., Connor Gorber, S., & Tremblay, M. S. (2012). Physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep in Canadian children: Parent-report versus direct measures and relative associations with health risk. Health Reports,23, 45–52. PubMed
Bouchard, C., Malina, R. M., & Perusse, L. (1997). Genetics of fitness and physical activity (p. 408). Champaign: Human Kinetics.
O’Brien, R. W., & Iannotti, R. J. (1993). Differences in mothers’ and children’s perceptions of urban black children’s life stress. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,22, 543–557. CrossRef
Lupien, S. J., King, S., Meaney, M. J., & McEwen, B. S. (2001). Can poverty get under your skin? Basal cortisol levels and cognitive function in children from low and high socioeconomic status. Development and Psychopathology,13, 653–676. CrossRef
Achenbach, T. M., Dumenci, L., & Rescorla, L. A. (2002). Ten-year comparisons of problems and competencies for national samples of youth: Self, parent and teacher reports. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders,10, 194–203. CrossRef
Myers, J., McAuley, E., Lavie, C. J., Desprès, J. P., Arena, R., & Kokkinos, P. F. (2015). Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness as major markers of cardiovascular risk: Their independent and interwoven importance to health status. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases,57, 306–314. CrossRefPubMed
Lindwall, M., Ljung, T., Hadzibajramovic, E., & Jonsdottir, I. (2012). Self-reported physical activity and aerobic fitness are differently related to mental health. Mental Health and Physical Activity,5, 28–34. CrossRef
- In 6- to 8-year-old children, cardiorespiratory fitness moderates the relationship between severity of life events and health-related quality of life
- Springer International Publishing