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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 7/2013

01-10-2013

Impulsivity Moderates Promotive Environmental Influences on Adolescent Delinquency: A Comparison Across Family, School, and Neighborhood Contexts

Auteurs: Pan Chen, Kristen C. Jacobson

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 7/2013

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Abstract

The present study examined moderating effects of impulsivity on the relationships between promotive factors from family (family warmth, parental knowledge), school (school connectedness), and neighborhood (neighborhood cohesion) contexts with delinquency using data collected from N = 2,978 sixth to eighth graders from 16 schools surrounding a major city in the Midwestern United States. More than half of the respondents were non-Caucasian (M age  = 12.48; 41.0 % male). Multilevel modeling analyses were conducted to take into account the clustering of the participants within schools. Impulsivity was positively associated with adolescent delinquency. Additionally, family warmth, parental knowledge, and school connectedness, but not neighborhood cohesion, were independently and inversely related to adolescent delinquency. Finally, impulsivity moderated relationships between family warmth and parental knowledge with delinquency but not relationships between school attachment and neighborhood cohesion with delinquency. Specifically, the negative relationship between family warmth and delinquency was significant for adolescents with high levels of, but not for those with below-average levels of, impulsivity. In addition, parental knowledge had a stronger association with decreased levels of delinquency for adolescents reporting higher levels of impulsivity. The moderating effects of impulsivity did not differ for males and females or for minority and non-minority participants. Findings indicate that impulsivity may have greater impact on adolescents’ susceptibility to positive family influences than on their susceptibility to promotive factors from school or neighborhood contexts. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
Although the items concerning parental knowledge did not ask adolescents to specify their primary caregiver, we do have data on the primary female and male caregivers in the household. The majority of participants (97.2 %) identified a biological mother, step-mother, or adoptive mother as their primary female caregiver (92.1 % of the sample) and/or identified a biological father, step-father, or adoptive father as their primary male caregiver (80.2 % of the sample). Thus the items comprising parental knowledge do reflect knowledge of behavior from at least one residential parent for most youth. Most of the remaining 2.8 % of the sample reported that other relatives (e.g., grandmother/grandfather, aunt/uncle, older brother/sister) served as their primary female/male caregivers.
 
2
The moderate correlations between environmental factors suggest low potential for multicollinearity. Additional analyses testing correlations between the interaction terms examined and other indicators of multicollinearity (i.e., tolerance and variance inflation factor statistics) also detect no issues of multicollinearity.
 
3
Additional analyses based on the original categories of race/ethnicity found that none of the interaction effects reported in Model 8 differed between African American, Hispanic, and other minority youth.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Impulsivity Moderates Promotive Environmental Influences on Adolescent Delinquency: A Comparison Across Family, School, and Neighborhood Contexts
Auteurs
Pan Chen
Kristen C. Jacobson
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 7/2013
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-013-9754-8