Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This work was funded by the National Institutes of Health through the NIH Director’s New Innovator Award Program, grant number DP2-OD-003021 to Dr. Kristen C. Jacobson. Information on the New Innovator Award Program is at http://grants.nih.gov/grants/new_investigators/innovator_award/.
The present study examined moderating effects of impulsivity on the relationships between promotive factors from family (family warmth, parental knowledge), school (school connectedness), and neighborhood (neighborhood cohesion) contexts with delinquency using data collected from N = 2,978 sixth to eighth graders from 16 schools surrounding a major city in the Midwestern United States. More than half of the respondents were non-Caucasian (M age = 12.48; 41.0 % male). Multilevel modeling analyses were conducted to take into account the clustering of the participants within schools. Impulsivity was positively associated with adolescent delinquency. Additionally, family warmth, parental knowledge, and school connectedness, but not neighborhood cohesion, were independently and inversely related to adolescent delinquency. Finally, impulsivity moderated relationships between family warmth and parental knowledge with delinquency but not relationships between school attachment and neighborhood cohesion with delinquency. Specifically, the negative relationship between family warmth and delinquency was significant for adolescents with high levels of, but not for those with below-average levels of, impulsivity. In addition, parental knowledge had a stronger association with decreased levels of delinquency for adolescents reporting higher levels of impulsivity. The moderating effects of impulsivity did not differ for males and females or for minority and non-minority participants. Findings indicate that impulsivity may have greater impact on adolescents’ susceptibility to positive family influences than on their susceptibility to promotive factors from school or neighborhood contexts. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bond, L., Butler, H., Thomas, L., Carlin, J., Glover, S., Bowes, G., & Patton, G. (2007). Social and school connectedness in early secondary school as predictors of late teenage substance use, mental health, and academic outcomes. Journal of Adolescent Health, 40, 357. e359–357. e18. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.10.013
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Buss, A. H., & Plomin, R. (1975). A temperament theory of personality development. Oxford England: Wiley-Interscience.
Chen, P., & Vazsonyi, A. T. (2010). Hedonic calculus: does self restraint desire matter? Western Criminology Review, 11, 29–44. Retrieved from http://wcr.sonoma.edu/v11n3/Chen.pdf
Davidson, J., & Wood, C. (2004). A conflict resolution model. Theory Into Practice, 43, 6–13. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/htip20
Fite, J. E., Goodnight, J. A., Bates, J. E., Dodge, K. A., & Pettit, G. S. (2008). Adolescent aggression and social cognition in the context of personality: impulsivity as a moderator of predictions from social information processing. Aggressive Behavior, 34, 511–520. doi: 10.1002/ab.20263. PubMedCrossRef
Glynn, T. J. (1986). Neighborhood and sense of community. Journal of Community Psychology, 14, 341–352. doi: 10.1002/1520-6629(198610)14:4<341::AID-JCOP2290140403>3.0.CO;2-0. CrossRef
Gordon, T. (2000). Parent effectiveness training: The proven program for raising responsible children. Three Rivers Press.
Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Hipwell, A., Keenan, K., Kasza, K., Loeber, R., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., & Bean, T. (2008). Reciprocal influences between girls’ conduct problems and depression, and parental punishment and warmth: a 6 year prospective analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 663–677. doi: 10.1007/s10802-007-9206-4. PubMedCrossRef
Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of delinquency. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Lynam, D. R., Caspi, A., Moffit, T. E., Wikström, P. O., Loeber, R., & Novak, S. (2000). The interaction between impulsivity and neighborhood context on offending: the effects of impulsivity are stronger in poorer neighborhoods. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 563–574. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.109.4.563. PubMedCrossRef
Patterson, G. (1982). Coercive family process. Eugene: Castalia.
Patterson, G., Reid, J., & Dishion, T. (1992). Antisocial boys: A social interactional approach. Eugene: Castalia.
Preacher, K. J., Curran, P. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interactions in multiple linear regression, multilevel modeling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31, 437–448. Retrieved from http://jeb.sagepub.com/
Sieving, R. E., Beuhring, T., Resnick, M. D., Bearinger, L. H., Shew, M., Ireland, M., & Blum, R. W. (2001). Development of adolescent self-report measures from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Journal of Adolescent Health, 28, 73–81. doi: 10.1016/S1054-139X(00)00155-5
Simons, R. L., Simons, L. G., Burt, C. H., Brody, G. H., & Cutrona, C. (2005). Collective efficacy, authoritative parenting and delinquency: a longitudinal test of a model integrating community- and family-level processes. Criminology, 43, 989–1029. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2005.00031.x. CrossRef
Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Luyckx, K., & Goossens, L. (2006). Parenting and adolescent problem behavior: an integrated model with adolescent self-disclosure and perceived parental knowledge as intervening variables. Developmental Psychology, 42, 305–318. doi: 10.1037/0012-16220.127.116.115. PubMedCrossRef
Vogel, M., & Barton, M. S. (2011). Impulsivity, school context, and school misconduct. Youth & Society, first published online September 21, 2011. doi: 10.1177/0044118X11421941
Wiatrowski, M. D., Griswold, D. B., & Roberts, M. K. (1981). Social control theory and delinquency. American Sociological Review, 46, 525–541. Retrieved from http://asr.sagepub.com/
- Impulsivity Moderates Promotive Environmental Influences on Adolescent Delinquency: A Comparison Across Family, School, and Neighborhood Contexts
Kristen C. Jacobson
- Springer US