Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The assessment of impulsivity is complicated by the construct’s multi-faceted nature and poor correspondence between self-report and behavioral measures. These complications extend to populations anecdotally described as impulsive, including individuals who engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Research suggests that self-injurers report impulsivity, primarily negative urgency. Thus, negative affect may be an important prerequisite for increased impulsive behaviors. The present laboratory study examined self-report impulsivity differences between individuals with and without a history of NSSI and if self-injurers demonstrated behavioral impulsivity when experiencing negative affect. Undergraduates with (N = 54) and without (N = 61) a history of NSSI participated in a two-part laboratory-based study that investigated the role of affect manipulation in impulsivity and NSSI. Participants were randomly assigned to either a negative or a neutral-relaxing mood induction. Participants completed self-report measures of impulsivity, NSSI, and negative affect. A behavioral measure of impulsivity was administered during Session 1 (prior to a mood induction task) and again during Session 2 (following a mood induction task) to determine whether affect had an effect on behavioral impulsivity task performance. Self-injurers reported higher negative urgency and lack of perseverance but did not display impulsivity on the behavioral task, even under conditions of negative affect.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Bresin, K., & Gordon, K. H. (2013). Changes in negative affect following pain (vs. nonpainful) stimulation in individuals with and without a history of nonsuicidal self-injury. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4, 62–66. CrossRef
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
Cyders, M. A., & Smith, G. T. (2007). Mood-based rash action and its components: positive and negative urgency. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 839–850. CrossRef
Enticott, P. G., Ogloff, J. R. P., & Bradshaw, J. L. (2006). Associations between laboratory measures of executive inhibitory control and self-reported impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 285–294. CrossRef
Foa, E. B., Hembree, E. A., & Rothbaum, B. O. (2007). Prolonged exposure therapy for PTSD: Emotional processing of traumatic experiences, therapist guide. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Glenn, C. R., & Klonsky, E. D. (2010). A multimethod analysis of impulsivity in nonsuicidal self-injury. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 1, 67–75. CrossRef
Gratz, K. L. (2001). Measurement of deliberate self-harm: preliminary data on the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 23, 253–263. CrossRef
Gratz, K. L. (2003). Risk factors for and functions of deliberate self-harm: an empirical and conceptual review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 192–205.
Gratz, K. L., Hepworth, C., Tull, M. T., Paulson, A., Clarke, S., Remington, B., & Lejuez, C. W. (2011). An experimental investigation of emotional willingness and physical pain tolerance in deliberate self-harm: the moderating role of interpersonal distress. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 52, 63–74. CrossRefPubMed
Joiner, T. E. (2005). Why People Die By Suicide. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Kämpfe, N., & Mitte, K. (2009). A German validation of the UPPS impulsive behavior scale: further evidence for a four-dimensional model of impulsivity. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 25, 252–259. CrossRef
Keppel, G., & Wickens, T. D. (2004). Design and analysis: A researcher’s handbook (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Klonsky, E. D., & Glenn, C. R. (2009). Assessing the functions of non-suicidal self-injury: psychometric properties of the Inventory of Statements About Self-injury (ISAS). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31, 215–219. CrossRef
Logan, G. D., & Cowan, W. B. (1984). On the ability to inhibit thought and action: a theory of an act of control. Psychological Review, 91, 295–327. CrossRef
Logan, G. D., Russell, J. S., & Rosemary, T. (1997). Impulsivity and inhibitory control. Psychological Science, 8, 60–64. CrossRef
Lynam, D. R., Smith, G. T., Whiteside, S. P., & Cyders, M. A. (2006). The UPPS-P: Assessing five personality pathways to impulsive behavior (Technical Report). West Lafayette: Purdue University.
Nock, M. K., & Favazza, A. R. (2009). Nonsuicidal self-injury: Definition and classification. In M. K. Nock (Ed.), Understanding nonsuicidal self-injury (pp. 9–18). Washington: American Psychological Association.
Rodham, K., & Hawton, K. (2009). Epidemiology and phenomenology of nonsuicidal self-injury. In M. K. Nock (Ed.), Understanding nonsuicidal self-injury (pp. 9–18). Washington: American Psychological Association.
Shaffer, D., & Jacobson, C. (2009). Proposal to the DSM-V childhood disorder and mood disorder work groups to include non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) as a DSM-V disorder. American Psychiatric Association.
Sinha, R. (2008). Imagery Script Development Procedures (Version 5.1). Unpublished manuscript.
Sinha, R., & Parsons, O. (1996). Multivariate response patterning of fear and anger. Cognition and Emotion, 10, 173–198. CrossRef
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2001). Using multivariate statistics (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson.
Watson, D., & Clark, L.A. (1994). The PANAS-X: Manual for the positive and negative affect schedule-expanded form. Unpublished manuscript, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.
Westermann, R., Spies, K., Stahl, G., & Hesse, F. W. (1996). Relative effectiveness and validity of mood induction procedures: a meta-analysis. European Journal of Social Psychology, 26, 557–580. CrossRef
Whiteside, S. P., & Lynam, D. R. (2001). The five factor model and impulsivity: using a structural model of personality to understand impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 669–689. CrossRef
Whiteside, S. P., Lynam, D. R., Miller, J. D., & Reynolds, S. K. (2005). Validation of the UPPS impulsive behaviour scale: a four-factor model of impulsivity. European Journal of Personality, 19, 559–574. CrossRef
Wingrove, J., & Bond, A. J. (1997). Impulsivity: a state as well as trait variable. Does mood awareness explain low correlations between trait and behavioural measures of impulsivity? Personality and Individual Differences, 22, 333–339. CrossRef
- Impulsivity and Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: Examining the Role of Affect Manipulation
Gregory J. Lengel
Hilary L. DeShong
Stephanie N. Mullins-Sweatt
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505