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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2007

01-05-2007 | Original Paper

Improving the Reliability of Autism Diagnoses: Examining the Utility of Adaptive Behavior

Auteurs: Stacey S. Tomanik, Deborah A. Pearson, Katherine A. Loveland, David M. Lane, J. Bryant Shaw

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2007

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Abstract

The classification agreement of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) was examined in 129 children and adolescents (aged 7–18 years) who were evaluated for autism. Participants received a diagnosis of autism or non-autism based on the ADI-R. Linear discriminant analysis revealed adequate concordance between the ADI-R and ADOS, with 75% of the participants being correctly classified using the ADOS. Classification accuracy significantly improved to 84% when a measure of adaptive functioning (i.e., the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales) was included in the analysis. The findings suggest that when clinicians obtain discrepant information on the ADI-R and ADOS, assessment of an individual’s adaptive functioning may reduce diagnostic errors.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Improving the Reliability of Autism Diagnoses: Examining the Utility of Adaptive Behavior
Auteurs
Stacey S. Tomanik
Deborah A. Pearson
Katherine A. Loveland
David M. Lane
J. Bryant Shaw
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0227-6