Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Lynn Kern Koegel and Robert L. Koegel are partners in the private firm, Koegel Autism Consultants, LLC.
Social initiations make up a core deficit for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In particular, initiated questions during social interactions are often minimal or absent in this population. In the context of a multiple baseline design, the efficacy of using the motivational procedures of Pivotal Response Treatment to increase social question-asking for three young children with autism was assessed. Results indicated that participants initiated a greater number of targeted questions following intervention. Additionally, all children exhibited increases in initiation of untargeted questions during social interaction in novel settings. Furthermore, post intervention data revealed collateral gains in communication and adaptive behavior. Theoretical implications of incorporating motivational strategies into intervention to improve social initiations in young children with ASD are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bellugi, U. (1965). The development of interrogative structures in children’s speech. In K. Riegel (Ed.), The development of language functions (pp. 103–138). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Language Development Program.
Brownell, R. (2000). Expressive and receptive one word picture vocabulary tests (2nd ed.). Novato: Academic Therapy Publications, California.
Carr, E. G., Levin, L., McConnachie, G., Carlson, J. I., Kemp, D. C., & Smith, C. E. (1994). Communication-based intervention for problem behavior: A user’s guide for producing positive change (Vol. xxiii). Baltimore, MD: Paul H Brookes Publishing.
Frea, W. D. (1995). Social-communicative skills in higher-functioning children with autism. In R. L. Koegel & L. K. Koegel (Eds.), Teaching children with autism: Strategies for initiating positive interactions and improving learning opportunities (pp. 53–66). Baltimore: Brookes.
Hung, D. W. (1977). Generalization of “curiosity” questioning behavior in autistic children. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry,8(3), 237–245. CrossRef
Klin, A., Saulnier, C., Sparrow, S., Cicchetti, D., Volkmar, F., & Lord, C. (2007). Social and communication abilities and disabilities in higher functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorders: The Vineland and the ADOS. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,37(4), 748–759. doi: 10.1007/s10803-006-0229-4. PubMedCrossRef
Koegel, L. K., Ashbaugh, K., Koegel, R. L., Detar, W. J., & Regester, A. (2013). Increasing socialization in adults with asperger’s syndrome. Psychology in the Schools (in press).
Koegel, L. K., Camarata, S. M., Valdez-Menchaca, M., & Koegel, R. L. (1997). Setting generalization of question-asking by children with autism. American Journal on Mental Retardation,102(4), 346–357. CrossRef
Koegel, L. K., Koegel, R. L., Frea, W. D., & Fredeen, R. M. (2001). Identifying early intervention targets for children with autism in inclusive school settings. Behavior Modification,25(5), 745–761. doi: 10.1177/0145445501255005.
Koegel, L. K., Carter, C. M., & Koegel, R. L. (2003). Teaching children with autism self-initiations as a pivotal response. Topics in Language Disorders,23(2), 134–145. CrossRef
Koegel, R. L., & Koegel, L. K. (1995). Teaching children with autism: Strategies for initiating positive interactions and improving learning opportunities. Baltimore, MD: Paul H Brookes Publishing.
Koegel, R. L., & Koegel, L. K. (2006). Pivotal response treatments for autism. Baltimore, MD: Paul H Brookes Publishing.
Koegel, R. L., & Koegel, L. K. (2012). The PRT pocket guide: Pivotal response treatment for autism spectrum disorders. Baltimore, MD: Paul H Brookes Publishing.
Kratochwill, T. R., Hitchcock, J., Horner, R. H., Levin, J. R., Odom, S. L., Rindskopf, D. M., et al. (2010). Single-case designs technical documentation. Retrieved from What Works Clearinghouse website: http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/pdf/wwc_scd.pdf.
Lieberman, R. G., Yoder, P. J., Reichow, B., & Wolery, M. (2010). Visual analysis of multiple baseline across participants graphs when change is delayed. School Psychology Quarterly,25(1), 28. CrossRef
Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Jr., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., & Rutter, M. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule—generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 30(3), 205–223.
Mundy, P., Sigman, M., Ungerer, J., & Sherman, T. (1986). Defining the social deficits of autism: The contribution of non-verbal communication measures. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines,27(5), 657–669. CrossRef
Nelson, C., McDonnell, A. P., Johnston, S. S., Crompton, A., & Nelson, A. R. (2007). Keys to play: A strategy to increase the social interactions of young children with autism and their typically developing peers. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities,42(2), 165–181.
Paul, R. (2008). Communication development and assessment. In A. Klin, F. Volkmar, & K. Chawarska (Eds.), Autism spectrum disorders in infants and toddlers: Diagnosis, assessment, and treatment. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Peck, C. A. (1985). Increasing opportunities for social control by children with autism and severe handicaps: Effects on student behavior and perceived classroom climate. Journal of the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps,10(4), 183–193.
Sparrow, S. S., Cicchetti, D. V., & Balla, D. A. (2005). Vineland adaptive behavior scales: (Vineland II), survey interview form/caregiver rating form. Livonia, MN: Pearson Assessments.
Warren, S. F., Baxter, D. K., Anderson, S. R., Marshall, A., & Baer, D. M. (1981). Generalization of question-asking by severely retarded individuals. Journal of the Association for the Severely Handicapped,6(3), 15–22.
Wetherby, A. M., & Prutting, C. A. (1984). Profiles of communicative and cognitive-social abilities in autistic children. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research,27(3), 364–377. PubMed
- Improving Question-Asking Initiations in Young Children with Autism Using Pivotal Response Treatment
Robert L. Koegel
Jessica L. Bradshaw
Lynn Kern Koegel
- Springer US