Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Lynn Kern Koegel and Robert L. Koegel are partners in the private firm, Koegel Autism Consultants, LLC.
The literature suggests that many individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience challenges with recognizing and describing emotions in others, which may result in difficulties with the verbal expression of empathy during communication. Thus, there is a need for intervention techniques targeting this area. Using a multiple baseline across participants design, this study examined the effectiveness of a video-feedback intervention with a visual framework component to improve verbal empathetic statements and questions during conversation for adults with ASD. Following intervention, all participants improved in verbal expression of empathetic statements and empathetic questions during conversation with generalization and maintenance of gains. Furthermore, supplemental assessments indicated that each participant improved in their general level of empathy and confidence in communication skills.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Andrews, L., Attwood, T., & Sofronoff, K. (2013). Increasing the appropriate demonstration of affectionate behavior, in children with Asperger syndrome, high functioning autism, and PDD-NOS: A randomized controlled trial. Research in autism spectrum disorders, 7(12), 1568–1578. CrossRef
Gruen, R. J., & Mendelsohn, G. (1986). Emotional responses to affective displays in others: The distinction between empathy and sympathy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(3), 609–614. CrossRef
Harris, F. N., & Jenson, W. R. (1985). Comparisons of multiple-baseline across persons designs and AB designs with replication: Issues and confusions. Behavioral Assessment, 7(2), 121–127.
Hendricks, D. R., & Wehman, P. (2009). Transition from school to adulthood for youth with autism spectrum disorders: Review and recommendations. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 24(2), 77–88. CrossRef
Heppner, P., Kivlighan, D., & Wampold, B. (1999). Research design in counseling (2nd ed.). California: Wadsworth Publishing.
Hermelin, B., & O’Connor, N. (1985). Logico-affective states and non-verbal language. In E. Schopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.), Communication problems in autism. New York, NY: Plenum Press.
Hill, C. E. (2009). Helping skills: Facilitating, exploration, insight, and action (3rd ed.). Washington: American Psychological Association.
Huitt, W. (2009). Empathetic listening. Educational psychology interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved from: http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/process/listen.html.
Koegel, L. K., Carter, C. M., & Koegel, R. L. (2003). Teaching children with autism self initiations as a pivotal response. Topics in Language Disorders, 23(4), 134–145. CrossRef
Koegel, R. L., & Koegel, L. K. (2013). The PRT pocket guide: Pivotal response treatment for autism spectrum disorders. Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Company.
Kratochwill, T. R., Hitchcock, J., Horner, R. H., Levin, J. R., Odom, S. L., Rindskopf, D. M. & Shadish, W. R. (2010). Single-case designs technical documentation. What Works Clearinghouse website. Retrieved from: http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/pdf/wwc_scd.pdf.
Locke, J., Ishijima, E. H., Kasari, C., & London, N. (2010). Loneliness, friendship quality and the social networks of adolescents with high-functioning autism in an inclusive school setting. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 10(2), 74–81. CrossRef
Locke, J., Kasari, C., Rotherman-Fuller, E., Kretzmann, M., & Jacobs, J. (2013). Social network changes over the school year among elementary school-aged children with and without an autism spectrum disorder. School Mental Health, 5(1), 38–47. CrossRef
Mehzabin, P., & Stokes, M. A. (2011). Self-assessed sexuality in young adults with high functioning autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5(1), 614–621. CrossRef
Neufeld, J., Levrini, V., Barry, A., & Chakrabarti, B. (2014). Empathy modulates the reward value of mimicry: Implications for imitation based interventions for autism. In Poster presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research, Atlanta, Georgia.
Nugent, W., & Halvorson, H. (1995). Testing the effects of active listening. Research on Social Work Practice, 5(2), 152–175. CrossRef
Roger, C. (1980). A way of being. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Salem, R. (2003). Empathic Listening. In Burgess & Burgess (Eds.), Beyond intractability. Conflict information consortium. Boulder: University of Colorado.
Shipley, E., Bolourian, Y., Bates, S., & Laugeson, E.A. (2014). Empathy as a predictor of treatment outcome in young adults with ASD following the UCLA PEERS intervention. In Poster presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research, Atlanta, Georgia.
Zager, D., & Alpern, C. S. (2010). College-based inclusion programming for transition-age students with autism. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 25(3), 151–157. CrossRef
- Improving Empathic Communication Skills in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Lynn Kern Koegel
Robert L. Koegel
- Springer US