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Surprising feedback in a general knowledge test leads to an improvement in memory for both the surface features and the content of the feedback (Psychon Bull Rev 16:88–92, 2009). Based on the idea that in cognitive tasks, error is surprising (the orienting account, Cognition 111:275–279, 2009), we tested whether error feedback would be better remembered than correct feedback. Colored words were presented as feedback signals in a flanker task, where the color indicated the accuracy. Subsequently, these words were again presented during a recognition task (Experiment 1) or a lexical decision task (Experiments 2 and 3). In all experiments, memory was improved for words seen as error feedback. These results are compared to the attentional boost effect (J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 39:1223–12231, 2013) and related to the orienting account for post-error slowing (Cognition 111:275–279, 2009).
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- Improved memory for error feedback
Liesbet Van der Borght
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg