Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 6/2017

16-02-2017 | Original Paper

Important Elements of Aftercare Services for Youth Departing Group Homes

Auteurs: Patrick M. Tyler, Ronald W. Thompson, Alexandra L. Trout, Matthew C. Lambert, Lori L. Synhorst

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 6/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Aftercare services have been suggested to improve the outcomes of youth who depart group homes. The purpose of this study was to collect views from social service agency leaders about the aftercare supports they believed were most important for youth departing group homes. This project used a survey method and gathered views from 38 agency leaders who were 28–66 years of age, with an average of 21 years of experience working with residential care programs in 23 states across the United States. Participants ranked seven support domains (i.e., family, education, mental health, relationships, physical health, safety, and independent living) and rated 56 specific aftercare supports based on importance for youth who were departing group homes and returning to their homes/schools prior to high school graduation. Results suggested family, safety, and mental health supports were the most important domains of support for aftercare. Specific aftercare items that were rated critically important included support for self-harm/suicidal thoughts, accessing mental health services, coping with trauma, and managing medication for behavior/mental health. Tables are provided for the complete list of 56 specific support ratings. The findings are summarized and limitations are discussed. Also included are the implications the findings could have regarding future research on the design of aftercare services.
Literatuur
go back to reference Affronti, M. L., & Levison-Johnson, J. (2009). The future of family engagement in residential care settings. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 26(4), 257–304. CrossRef Affronti, M. L., & Levison-Johnson, J. (2009). The future of family engagement in residential care settings. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 26(4), 257–304. CrossRef
go back to reference Ashcroft, R., Fraser, B., Kerr, M., & Ahmed, Z. (2011). Are antipsychotic drugs the right treatment for challenging behavior in learning disability? The place of a randomized trial. Journal of Medical Ethics, 27(5), 338–343. Ashcroft, R., Fraser, B., Kerr, M., & Ahmed, Z. (2011). Are antipsychotic drugs the right treatment for challenging behavior in learning disability? The place of a randomized trial. Journal of Medical Ethics, 27(5), 338–343.
go back to reference Breland-Noland, A., Elbogen, E., Farmer, E., Dubs, M., Wagner, R., & Burns, B. (2004). Use of psychotropic medications by youths in therapeutic foster care and group homes. Psychiatric Services, 55(6), 706–708. CrossRef Breland-Noland, A., Elbogen, E., Farmer, E., Dubs, M., Wagner, R., & Burns, B. (2004). Use of psychotropic medications by youths in therapeutic foster care and group homes. Psychiatric Services, 55(6), 706–708. CrossRef
go back to reference Briggs, E. C., Greeson, J. K., Layne, C. M., Fairbank, J. A., Knoverek, A. M., & Pynoos, R. S. (2012). Trauma exposure, psychosocial functioning, and treatment needs of youth in residential care: Preliminary findings from the NCTSN core data set. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 5(1), 1–15. CrossRef Briggs, E. C., Greeson, J. K., Layne, C. M., Fairbank, J. A., Knoverek, A. M., & Pynoos, R. S. (2012). Trauma exposure, psychosocial functioning, and treatment needs of youth in residential care: Preliminary findings from the NCTSN core data set. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 5(1), 1–15. CrossRef
go back to reference Burke, R., Herron, R., & Barnes, B. (2006). Common sense parenting (3rd ed.). Boys Town: Boys Town Press. Burke, R., Herron, R., & Barnes, B. (2006). Common sense parenting (3rd ed.). Boys Town: Boys Town Press.
go back to reference Carlo, P., & Shennum, W. A. (1989). Family reunification efforts that work: a three year follow up study of children in residential treatment. Child and Adolescent Social Work, 6(3), 211–216. CrossRef Carlo, P., & Shennum, W. A. (1989). Family reunification efforts that work: a three year follow up study of children in residential treatment. Child and Adolescent Social Work, 6(3), 211–216. CrossRef
go back to reference Chavira, D. A., Garland, A. F., Daley, S., & Hough, R. (2008). The impact of medical comorbidity on mental health and functional health outcomes among children with anxiety disorders. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 29(5), 394–402. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Chavira, D. A., Garland, A. F., Daley, S., & Hough, R. (2008). The impact of medical comorbidity on mental health and functional health outcomes among children with anxiety disorders. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 29(5), 394–402. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Connor, D. F., Miller, K. P., Cunningham, J. A., & Melloni, R. H. (2002). What does getting better mean? Child improvement and measure of outcome in residential treatment. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 72(1), 110–117. CrossRefPubMed Connor, D. F., Miller, K. P., Cunningham, J. A., & Melloni, R. H. (2002). What does getting better mean? Child improvement and measure of outcome in residential treatment. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 72(1), 110–117. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cortese, S., Holtmann, M., Banaschewski, T., Buiterlaar, J., Coghill, D., & Danckaerts, M., et al. (2013). Practitioner review: Current best practice in the management of adverse events during treatment with ADHD medications in children and adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54(3), 227–246. CrossRefPubMed Cortese, S., Holtmann, M., Banaschewski, T., Buiterlaar, J., Coghill, D., & Danckaerts, M., et al. (2013). Practitioner review: Current best practice in the management of adverse events during treatment with ADHD medications in children and adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54(3), 227–246. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Dolan, M. A., & Fein, J. A. (2011). Technical report —Pediatric and adolescent mental health emergencies in the emergency medical services system. Pediatrics, 127(5), 1356–1366. CrossRef Dolan, M. A., & Fein, J. A. (2011). Technical report —Pediatric and adolescent mental health emergencies in the emergency medical services system. Pediatrics, 127(5), 1356–1366. CrossRef
go back to reference Farmer, E. M., Dorsey, S., & Mustillo, S. A. (2004). Intensive home and community interventions. Child Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 13(4), 857–884. CrossRefPubMed Farmer, E. M., Dorsey, S., & Mustillo, S. A. (2004). Intensive home and community interventions. Child Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 13(4), 857–884. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Farmer, E. M., Southerland, D., Mustillo, S. A., & Burns, B. J. (2009). Returning home in systems of care: Rates, predictors, and stability. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 17(3), 133–146. CrossRef Farmer, E. M., Southerland, D., Mustillo, S. A., & Burns, B. J. (2009). Returning home in systems of care: Rates, predictors, and stability. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 17(3), 133–146. CrossRef
go back to reference Godley, M. D., Godley, S. H., Dennis, M. D., Funk, R. R., & Passetti, L. L. (2006). The effect of assertive continuing care on continuing care linkage, adherence and abstinence following residential treatment for adolescents with substance use disorders. Addiction, 102, 81–93. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1360-0443.​2006.​01648.​x. CrossRef Godley, M. D., Godley, S. H., Dennis, M. D., Funk, R. R., & Passetti, L. L. (2006). The effect of assertive continuing care on continuing care linkage, adherence and abstinence following residential treatment for adolescents with substance use disorders. Addiction, 102, 81–93. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1360-0443.​2006.​01648.​x. CrossRef
go back to reference Guterman, N. B., Hodges, V. G., Blythe, B. J., & Bronson, D. E. (1989). Aftercare service development for children in residential treatment. Child & Youth Care Quarterly, 18(2), 119–130. CrossRef Guterman, N. B., Hodges, V. G., Blythe, B. J., & Bronson, D. E. (1989). Aftercare service development for children in residential treatment. Child & Youth Care Quarterly, 18(2), 119–130. CrossRef
go back to reference Hilton, N. Z., & Turan, C. (2014). Availability of services for parents living with mental disorders: A province-wide survey. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 37(3), 194–200. CrossRefPubMed Hilton, N. Z., & Turan, C. (2014). Availability of services for parents living with mental disorders: A province-wide survey. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 37(3), 194–200. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference IBM Corp. (2013). IBM SPSS statistics for windows. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Version 22.0. [Computer software]. IBM Corp. (2013). IBM SPSS statistics for windows. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Version 22.0. [Computer software].
go back to reference Larzelere, R. E., Daly, D. L., Davis, J. L., Chmelka, M. B., & Handwerk, M. L. (2004). Outcome evaluation of girls and boys Town’s family home program. Education and Treatment of Children, 27(2), 130–149. Larzelere, R. E., Daly, D. L., Davis, J. L., Chmelka, M. B., & Handwerk, M. L. (2004). Outcome evaluation of girls and boys Town’s family home program. Education and Treatment of Children, 27(2), 130–149.
go back to reference Leichtman, M., & Leichtman, M. L. (2001). Facilitating the transition from residential treatment into the community: I. The problem. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 19(1), 21–27. CrossRef Leichtman, M., & Leichtman, M. L. (2001). Facilitating the transition from residential treatment into the community: I. The problem. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 19(1), 21–27. CrossRef
go back to reference Li, C. L., Johnson, N. P., & Leopard, K. (2001). Risk factors for depression among adolescents living in group homes in South Carolina. Journal of Health and Social Policy, 13(2), 41–59. CrossRefPubMed Li, C. L., Johnson, N. P., & Leopard, K. (2001). Risk factors for depression among adolescents living in group homes in South Carolina. Journal of Health and Social Policy, 13(2), 41–59. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lieberman, R. E. (2004). Future directions in residential treatment. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 13(2), 279–294. CrossRefPubMed Lieberman, R. E. (2004). Future directions in residential treatment. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 13(2), 279–294. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lyons, J. S., & Schaefer, K. (2000). Mental health and dangerousness: Characteristics and outcomes of children and adolescents in residential placements. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 9(1), 67–73. CrossRef Lyons, J. S., & Schaefer, K. (2000). Mental health and dangerousness: Characteristics and outcomes of children and adolescents in residential placements. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 9(1), 67–73. CrossRef
go back to reference McMillen, C. J., Lee, B. R., & Jonson-Reid, M. (2008). Outcomes for youth residential treatment programs using administrative data from the child welfare system: A risk-adjustment application. Administration and Policy in Mental Health, 35(3), 189–197. CrossRefPubMed McMillen, C. J., Lee, B. R., & Jonson-Reid, M. (2008). Outcomes for youth residential treatment programs using administrative data from the child welfare system: A risk-adjustment application. Administration and Policy in Mental Health, 35(3), 189–197. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Narendorf, S. C., & McMillen, J. C. (2010). Substance use and substance use disorders as foster youth transition to adulthood. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(1), 113–119. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Narendorf, S. C., & McMillen, J. C. (2010). Substance use and substance use disorders as foster youth transition to adulthood. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(1), 113–119. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Nelson, T. D., Smith, T. R., Duppong Hurley, K., Epstein, M. H., Thompson, R. W., & Tonniges, T. F. (2013). Association between psychopathology and physical health problems among youth in residential treatment. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 21(2), 150–160. CrossRef Nelson, T. D., Smith, T. R., Duppong Hurley, K., Epstein, M. H., Thompson, R. W., & Tonniges, T. F. (2013). Association between psychopathology and physical health problems among youth in residential treatment. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 21(2), 150–160. CrossRef
go back to reference Nickerson, A. B., Colby, S. A., Brooks, J. L., Rickert, J. M., & Salamone, F. J. (2007). Transitioning youth from residential treatment to the community: A preliminary investigation. Child Youth Care Forum, 36, 73–86. doi: 10.​1007/​s10566-007-9032-4. CrossRef Nickerson, A. B., Colby, S. A., Brooks, J. L., Rickert, J. M., & Salamone, F. J. (2007). Transitioning youth from residential treatment to the community: A preliminary investigation. Child Youth Care Forum, 36, 73–86. doi: 10.​1007/​s10566-007-9032-4. CrossRef
go back to reference Patti, R. J. (2009). The handbook of human services management. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Patti, R. J. (2009). The handbook of human services management. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Preyde, M., Cameron, G., Frensch, K., & Adams, G. (2011a). Parent–child relationship and family functioning of children and youth discharged from residential mental health treatment or a home-based alternative. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 28(1), 55–74. CrossRef Preyde, M., Cameron, G., Frensch, K., & Adams, G. (2011a). Parent–child relationship and family functioning of children and youth discharged from residential mental health treatment or a home-based alternative. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 28(1), 55–74. CrossRef
go back to reference Preyde, M., Frensch, K., Cameron, G., White, S., Penny, R., & Lazure, K. (2011b). Long term outcomes of children and youth accessing residential or intensive home-based treatment: Three year follow-up. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 20(5), 660–668. CrossRef Preyde, M., Frensch, K., Cameron, G., White, S., Penny, R., & Lazure, K. (2011b). Long term outcomes of children and youth accessing residential or intensive home-based treatment: Three year follow-up. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 20(5), 660–668. CrossRef
go back to reference Robst, J., Armstrong, M., Dollard, N., & Roher, L. (2013). Arrests among youth after out-of-home mental health treatment: Comparisons across community and residential treatment settings. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 23, 162–176. CrossRefPubMed Robst, J., Armstrong, M., Dollard, N., & Roher, L. (2013). Arrests among youth after out-of-home mental health treatment: Comparisons across community and residential treatment settings. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 23, 162–176. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Scholte, E. M., & Van Der Ploeg, J. D. (2014). Exploring factors governing successful residential treatment of youngsters with serious behavioral difficulties. Childhood, 7(2), 129–153. CrossRef Scholte, E. M., & Van Der Ploeg, J. D. (2014). Exploring factors governing successful residential treatment of youngsters with serious behavioral difficulties. Childhood, 7(2), 129–153. CrossRef
go back to reference Scott, D., & Lorenc, L. (2007). A multi-tiered evaluation of adolescent therapeutic group homes. Child Youth Care Forum, 36, 153–162. CrossRef Scott, D., & Lorenc, L. (2007). A multi-tiered evaluation of adolescent therapeutic group homes. Child Youth Care Forum, 36, 153–162. CrossRef
go back to reference Shearer, M. C., & Bermingham, S. L. (2008). The ethics of paediatric anti-depressant use: Erring on the side of caution. Journal of Medical Ethics, 34(10), 710–714. CrossRefPubMed Shearer, M. C., & Bermingham, S. L. (2008). The ethics of paediatric anti-depressant use: Erring on the side of caution. Journal of Medical Ethics, 34(10), 710–714. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Stewart, S. L., Baiden, P., Theall-Honey, L., & den Dunnen, W. (2014). Deliberate self-harm among children in tertiary care residential treatment: Prevalence and correlates. Child Youth Care Forum, 43, 63–81. doi: 10.​1007/​s10566-013-9225-y. CrossRef Stewart, S. L., Baiden, P., Theall-Honey, L., & den Dunnen, W. (2014). Deliberate self-harm among children in tertiary care residential treatment: Prevalence and correlates. Child Youth Care Forum, 43, 63–81. doi: 10.​1007/​s10566-013-9225-y. CrossRef
go back to reference Sunseri, P. A. (2004). Family functioning and residential treatment outcomes. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 22(1), 33–53. CrossRef Sunseri, P. A. (2004). Family functioning and residential treatment outcomes. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 22(1), 33–53. CrossRef
go back to reference Thompson, R. W., Ringle, J. L., Way, M., Peterson, J., & Huefner, J. C. (2010). Aftercare for a cognitive-behavioral program for juvenile offenders: A pilot investigation. Journal of Behavior Analysis of Offender and Victim Treatment and Prevention, 2(3), 198–213. CrossRef Thompson, R. W., Ringle, J. L., Way, M., Peterson, J., & Huefner, J. C. (2010). Aftercare for a cognitive-behavioral program for juvenile offenders: A pilot investigation. Journal of Behavior Analysis of Offender and Victim Treatment and Prevention, 2(3), 198–213. CrossRef
go back to reference Trout, A. L., Chmelka, M. B., Thompson, R. W., Epstein, M. H., Tyler, P., & Pick, R. (2010). The departure status of youth from residential group care: Implications for aftercare. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(1), 67–78. CrossRef Trout, A. L., Chmelka, M. B., Thompson, R. W., Epstein, M. H., Tyler, P., & Pick, R. (2010). The departure status of youth from residential group care: Implications for aftercare. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(1), 67–78. CrossRef
go back to reference Trout, A. L., & Epstein, M. H. (2010). Developing aftercare, Phase I: Consumer feedback. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(3), 445–451. CrossRef Trout, A. L., & Epstein, M. H. (2010). Developing aftercare, Phase I: Consumer feedback. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(3), 445–451. CrossRef
go back to reference Trout, A. L., Hagaman, J. L., Chmelka, M. B., Gehringer, R., Epstein, M. H., & Reid, R. (2008). The academic, behavioral, and mental health status of children and youth at entry to residential care. Residential Treatment for Children & Youth, 25, 359–374. doi: 10.​1080/​0886571080253365​4. CrossRef Trout, A. L., Hagaman, J. L., Chmelka, M. B., Gehringer, R., Epstein, M. H., & Reid, R. (2008). The academic, behavioral, and mental health status of children and youth at entry to residential care. Residential Treatment for Children & Youth, 25, 359–374. doi: 10.​1080/​0886571080253365​4. CrossRef
go back to reference Trout, A. L., Hoffman, S., Epstein, M. H., & Thompson, R. W. (2014a). Family teacher and parent perceptions of youth needs and preparedness for transition upon youth discharge from residential care. Journal of Social Work, 14(6), 594–604. CrossRef Trout, A. L., Hoffman, S., Epstein, M. H., & Thompson, R. W. (2014a). Family teacher and parent perceptions of youth needs and preparedness for transition upon youth discharge from residential care. Journal of Social Work, 14(6), 594–604. CrossRef
go back to reference Trout, A. L., Hoffman, S., Huscroft-D’Angelo, J., Epstein, M. H., Duppong Hurley, K., & Stevens, A. L. (2014b). Youth and parent perceptions of aftercare supports at discharge from residential care. Child and Family Social Work, 19(3), 304–311. CrossRef Trout, A. L., Hoffman, S., Huscroft-D’Angelo, J., Epstein, M. H., Duppong Hurley, K., & Stevens, A. L. (2014b). Youth and parent perceptions of aftercare supports at discharge from residential care. Child and Family Social Work, 19(3), 304–311. CrossRef
go back to reference Trout, A. L., Lambert, M. C., Epstein, M. H., Tyler, P., Stewart, M., Thompson, R. W., & Daly, D. (2013). Comparison of on the way home aftercare supports to usual care following discharge from a residential setting: An exploratory pilot randomized controlled trial. Child Welfare, 92(3), 27–45. PubMed Trout, A. L., Lambert, M. C., Epstein, M. H., Tyler, P., Stewart, M., Thompson, R. W., & Daly, D. (2013). Comparison of on the way home aftercare supports to usual care following discharge from a residential setting: An exploratory pilot randomized controlled trial. Child Welfare, 92(3), 27–45. PubMed
go back to reference Tyler, P. M. (2015). Agency leader perspectives on aftercare for youth departing group homes (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. (3737106). Tyler, P. M. (2015). Agency leader perspectives on aftercare for youth departing group homes (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. (3737106).
go back to reference Tyler, P. M., Thompson, R. W., Trout, A. L., Lambert, M. C., & Synhorst, L. L. (2016). Availability of aftercare for youth departing group homes. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 33(3-4), 270–285. CrossRef Tyler, P. M., Thompson, R. W., Trout, A. L., Lambert, M. C., & Synhorst, L. L. (2016). Availability of aftercare for youth departing group homes. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 33(3-4), 270–285. CrossRef
go back to reference Tyler, P. M., Trout, A. L., Epstein, M. H., & Thompson, R. (2014). Provider perspectives on aftercare services for youth in residential care. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 31(3), 219–229. CrossRef Tyler, P. M., Trout, A. L., Epstein, M. H., & Thompson, R. (2014). Provider perspectives on aftercare services for youth in residential care. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 31(3), 219–229. CrossRef
go back to reference Van Dyk, T. R., Nelson, T. D., Epstein, M. H., & Thompson, R. W. (2014). Physical health status as a predictor of treatment outcomes among youth in residential care. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 22(4), 237–248. CrossRef Van Dyk, T. R., Nelson, T. D., Epstein, M. H., & Thompson, R. W. (2014). Physical health status as a predictor of treatment outcomes among youth in residential care. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 22(4), 237–248. CrossRef
go back to reference Walter, U. M., & Petr, C. G. (2004). Promoting successful transitions from day school to regular school environments for youths with serious emotional disorders. Children & Schools, 26(3), 175–180. CrossRef Walter, U. M., & Petr, C. G. (2004). Promoting successful transitions from day school to regular school environments for youths with serious emotional disorders. Children & Schools, 26(3), 175–180. CrossRef
go back to reference Wolf, M. M., Phillips, E. L., Fixsen, D. L., Braukmann, C. J., Kirigin, K. A., Willner, A. G., & Schumaker, J. (1976). Achievement place: the teaching-family model. Child Care Quarterly, 5(2), 92–103. CrossRef Wolf, M. M., Phillips, E. L., Fixsen, D. L., Braukmann, C. J., Kirigin, K. A., Willner, A. G., & Schumaker, J. (1976). Achievement place: the teaching-family model. Child Care Quarterly, 5(2), 92–103. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Important Elements of Aftercare Services for Youth Departing Group Homes
Auteurs
Patrick M. Tyler
Ronald W. Thompson
Alexandra L. Trout
Matthew C. Lambert
Lori L. Synhorst
Publicatiedatum
16-02-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 6/2017
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-017-0673-0

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2017

Journal of Child and Family Studies 6/2017 Naar de uitgave