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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2012

01-02-2012 | Original Paper

Implicit Learning of Local Context in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Anastasia Kourkoulou, Susan R. Leekam, John M. Findlay

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2012

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Abstract

Although previous research has reported impairments in implicit learning in individuals with ASD, research using one implicit learning paradigm, the contextual cueing task (Chun and Jiang in Cognitive Psychol 36:28–71, 1998), shows evidence of intact ability to integrate spatial contextual information. Using an adaptation of this paradigm, we replicated earlier findings showing that contextual cueing facilitates learning in ASD. Nevertheless, we found that exposure to repeated contexts that biased attention to local rather than global displays rendered it difficult for individuals with ASD to adapt to new trials. Thus, adaptive processes that allow one to respond flexibly and rapidly to new situations appear diminished in ASD when exposed to local spatial contexts. These findings have implications for practical learning strategies used in educational settings.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Implicit Learning of Local Context in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Anastasia Kourkoulou
Susan R. Leekam
John M. Findlay
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 2/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-011-1237-6