Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 3/2018

10-01-2018 | Original Article

Implicit Identification with Illness in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Auteurs: Julia F. Henrich, Bergljot Gjelsvik, Maryanne Martin

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 3/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Identification with pain has been linked to symptom severity in chronic pain conditions. However, the role of identification with illness in patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is unknown. We investigated whether participants with IBS show identification with illness and if the degree of illness identification is related to IBS symptom severity and additional physical and psychological variables. In this cross-sectional study, 42 participants with IBS and 41 healthy participants completed an Implicit Association Test (IAT) to measure their level of identification with illness and health. Data on illness duration, explicit illness associations, IBS severity, depression, anxiety, stress and additional symptoms were obtained. IBS participants scored significantly lower on identification with health than healthy participants. The level of health identification was negatively correlated with ‘Nonspecific Somatic Symptoms’. Reduced health identification may be a maintaining factor of IBS that could be targeted with psychological treatments to reduce symptoms. Further, it may be possible to use the IAT to monitor the course of recovery.
Literatuur
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hoboken: Taylor & Francis. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hoboken: Taylor & Francis.
go back to reference Drossman, D. A., Toner, B. B., Whitehead, W. E., Diamant, N. E., Dalton, C. B., Duncan, S., … Bangdiwala, S. I. (2003). Cognitive-behavioral therapy versus education and desipramine versus placebo for moderate to severe functional bowel disorders. This study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (trial registry no. NCT00006157). Gastroenterology, 125(1), 19–31. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1016/​S0016-5085(03)00669-3. CrossRefPubMed Drossman, D. A., Toner, B. B., Whitehead, W. E., Diamant, N. E., Dalton, C. B., Duncan, S., … Bangdiwala, S. I. (2003). Cognitive-behavioral therapy versus education and desipramine versus placebo for moderate to severe functional bowel disorders. This study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (trial registry no. NCT00006157). Gastroenterology, 125(1), 19–31. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1016/​S0016-5085(03)00669-3. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A-G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39(2), 175–191. CrossRefPubMed Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A-G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39(2), 175–191. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Faul, F. (2014). G*Power. Kiel: Universität Kiel. Faul, F. (2014). G*Power. Kiel: Universität Kiel.
go back to reference Greenwald, A. G., Mcghee, D. E., & Schwartz, J. L. K. (1998). Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(6), 1464–1480. CrossRefPubMed Greenwald, A. G., Mcghee, D. E., & Schwartz, J. L. K. (1998). Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(6), 1464–1480. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis. New York: Guilford Press. Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Hayes, S. C., Follette, V. M., & Linehan, M. (Eds.). (2004). Mindfulness and acceptance. Expanding the cognitive-behavioral tradition. New York: The Guilford Press. Hayes, S. C., Follette, V. M., & Linehan, M. (Eds.). (2004). Mindfulness and acceptance. Expanding the cognitive-behavioral tradition. New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Henrich, J. F., Knittle, K., de Gucht, V., Warren, S., Dombrowski, S. U., & Maes, S. (2015). Identifying effective techniques within psychological treatments for irritable bowel syndrome: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 78, 205–222. CrossRefPubMed Henrich, J. F., Knittle, K., de Gucht, V., Warren, S., Dombrowski, S. U., & Maes, S. (2015). Identifying effective techniques within psychological treatments for irritable bowel syndrome: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 78, 205–222. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference IBM Corp. (2013). IBM SPSS Statistics for Macintosh, Version 22.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. IBM Corp. (2013). IBM SPSS Statistics for Macintosh, Version 22.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.
go back to reference Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales. Sydney: Psychology Foundation of Australia. Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales. Sydney: Psychology Foundation of Australia.
go back to reference Lydiard, R. B. (2001). Irritable bowel syndrome, anxiety, and depression: What are the links. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 62(Suppl 8), 38–45. Lydiard, R. B. (2001). Irritable bowel syndrome, anxiety, and depression: What are the links. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 62(Suppl 8), 38–45.
go back to reference Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2013). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression (2nd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press. Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2013). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression (2nd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Wenzlaff, R. M., & Wegner, D. M. (2000). Thought suppression. Depression, 51, 59–91. Wenzlaff, R. M., & Wegner, D. M. (2000). Thought suppression. Depression, 51, 59–91.
Metagegevens
Titel
Implicit Identification with Illness in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Auteurs
Julia F. Henrich
Bergljot Gjelsvik
Maryanne Martin
Publicatiedatum
10-01-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 3/2018
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-017-9888-z