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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 1/2022

26-02-2021 | Original Paper

Implications of Employment Changes Caused by COVID-19 on Mental Health and Work-Related Psychological Need Satisfaction of Autistic Employees: A Mixed-Methods Longitudinal Study

Auteurs: Yael Goldfarb, Eynat Gal, Ofer Golan

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 1/2022

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Abstract

This mixed-methods study examined longitudinal data, assessing Israeli autistic adults' employment-related changes, resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. In the quantitative phase, 23 participants answered a survey before and during COVID-19, assessing work-status, mental health, and work-related psychological need satisfaction. The qualitative phase included interviews with ten employed participants. Results indicate a significant decrease in mental health of participants who lost their jobs during COVID-19, while participants who continued to physically attend work, maintained pre-COVID-19 levels on all assessed variables. Participants who transitioned to remote-work from home, showed a marginally significant deterioration in mental health and a significant decrease in satisfaction of work-related psychological needs for competence and autonomy. Qualitative accounts supplement these findings and portray advantages and disadvantages of remote-work.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Voetnoten
1
Since identity-first language is often preferred by individuals on the autism spectrum (Bury et al. 2020; Kenny et al. 2016), we use the term “autistic” throughout this manuscript.
 
2
Data is based on the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) Labor Force Surveys (2020). Unemployment rates during the COVID-19 pandemic (starting March 2020), include employed persons temporarily absent (on furlough) from work due to reasons related to the Coronavirus pandemic (reduced workload, work stoppage, and other labor market restrictions) and individuals who stopped working due to dismissal or closure of their workplace.
 
3
Occupation groups are categorized according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor (U.S. Bureau Labor Statistics 2018).
 
Literatuur
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Metagegevens
Titel
Implications of Employment Changes Caused by COVID-19 on Mental Health and Work-Related Psychological Need Satisfaction of Autistic Employees: A Mixed-Methods Longitudinal Study
Auteurs
Yael Goldfarb
Eynat Gal
Ofer Golan
Publicatiedatum
26-02-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 1/2022
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-04902-3