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09-07-2018 | Uitgave 1/2019

Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1/2019

Impact of time perspectives on texting intervention to reduce HIV/STI transmission among female sex workers in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Behavioral Medicine > Uitgave 1/2019
Auteurs:
Thomas L. Patterson, Shirley J. Semple, Daniela Abramovitz, Alicia Harvey-Vera, Heather A. Pines, Silvia Verdugo, Colin Depp, David J. Moore, Gustavo Martinez, M. Gudelia Rangel, Steffanie A. Strathdee

Abstract

Text messages may sustain post-counseling gains in behavioral improvements and reduce HIV/STI incidence. However, their effectiveness may depend on the messages’ time perspective and characteristics of the individual. We evaluated the impact of time perspective on a text messaging intervention designed to maintain improvements in safer sex practices among drug-using and non-drug-using female sex workers (FSWs) in Tijuana (n = 141) and Cd. Juarez (n = 129), Mexico. FSWs received the efficacious Mujer Segura intervention, and were randomized to receive safer sex maintenance text messages with either a short-term or future-oriented time perspective. The outcome was HIV/STI incidence rate over 6-month follow-up. In Tijuana, combined HIV/STI incidence density was lower among FSWs in the FUTURE group (31.67 per 100 py) compared to women in the SHORT-TERM group (62.40 per 100 py). Conversely, in Cd. Juarez, HIV/STI incidence density was lower (although non-significant) among FSWs in the SHORT-TERM group (19.80 per 100 py) compared to those in the FUTURE group (35.05 per 100 py). These findings suggest that future-oriented text messages may sustain post-counseling improvements in sexual risk behavior among FSWs, but findings may vary by FSWs’ characteristics (e.g., drug use), and by region and context.

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