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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 3/2016

18-02-2016 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Impact of Mindfulness Training on Borderline Personality Disorder: A Randomized Trial

Auteurs: Matilde Elices, Juan C. Pascual, Maria J. Portella, Albert Feliu-Soler, Ana Martín-Blanco, Cristina Carmona, Joaquim Soler

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 3/2016

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Abstract

Recent research suggests that deficits in the ability to be mindful may be related to core aspects of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Mindfulness plays a central role in BPD treatment, and evidence also indicates that mindfulness is the most commonly practiced of the skills taught in dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). The present study investigated whether a 10-week mindfulness training program would improve BPD symptoms and mindfulness-related capacities in a sample of individuals diagnosed with BPD. A total of 64 participants (mean age = 31.64, SD = 6.9; 86 % female) were randomized to 10 weeks of mindfulness (n = 32) or interpersonal effectiveness skills training (control group; n = 32). BPD symptoms and mindfulness capacities were measured at pre- and post-intervention. Compared to the control group, participants assigned to mindfulness experienced a significantly greater reduction and increase, respectively, in BPD symptoms and decentering capacity. Treatment response rates (in reference to BPD symptoms) were higher for the mindfulness group (40 vs. 13 %). Interpersonal effectiveness alone did not result in improvements on any outcome measures. These findings suggest that mindfulness training may be a useful approach to decreasing BPD symptoms while simultaneously improving mindfulness capacities.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Impact of Mindfulness Training on Borderline Personality Disorder: A Randomized Trial
Auteurs
Matilde Elices
Juan C. Pascual
Maria J. Portella
Albert Feliu-Soler
Ana Martín-Blanco
Cristina Carmona
Joaquim Soler
Publicatiedatum
18-02-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 3/2016
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-016-0492-1

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