Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This research was supported by National Institutes of Health awards (MH 074454 and HD 17899) to the last author. The authors would like to thank all of the research staff who assisted in data collection and coding. Above all, we thank the children and families who participated for their invaluable time and effort over the years of the study.
Behavioral inhibition (BI) is characterized by a pattern of extreme social reticence, risk for internalizing behavior problems, and possible protection against externalizing behavior problems. Parenting style may also contribute to these associations between BI and behavior problems (BP). A sample of 113 children was assessed for BI in the laboratory at 14 and 24 months of age, self-report of maternal parenting style at 7 years of age, and maternal report of child internalizing and externalizing BP at 4, 7, and 15 years. Internalizing problems at age 4 were greatest among behaviorally inhibited children who also were exposed to permissive parenting. Furthermore, greater authoritative parenting was associated with less of an increase in internalizing behavior problems over time and greater authoritarian parenting was associated with a steeper decline in externalizing problems. Results highlight the importance of considering child and environmental factors in longitudinal patterns of BP across childhood and adolescence.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Integrative Guide to the 1991 CBCL/4–18, YSR, and TRF Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Department of Psychology.
Achenbach, T. M. (2001). Child behavior checklist for ages 6 to 18. Burlington: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, and Families.
American Psychological Association. (2007). APA Dictionary of Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Bar-Haim, Y., Fox, N.A., Benson, B., Guyer, A.E., Williams, A., Nelson, E.E., Perez-Edgar, K., Pine, D.S., & Ernst, M. Neural correlates of reward processing in adolescents with a history of shyness and inhibited temperament. Psychological Science, in press.
Biederman, J., Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Rosenbaum, J. F., Herot, C., Friedman, D., Snidman, N., et al. (2001). Further evidence of association between behavioral inhibition and social anxiety in children. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 1673–1679. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.158.10.1673. CrossRefPubMed
Broidy, L. M., Nagin, D. S., Tremblay, R. E., Bates, J. E., Brame, B., Dodge, K. A., et al. (2003). Developmental trajectories of childhood disruptive behaviors and adolescent delinquency: a six-site, cross-national study. Developmental Psychology, 39, 222–245. doi: 10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.168. CrossRefPubMed
Bronfenbrenner, U. (2005). Making human beings human: Bioecological perspectives on human development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Calkins, S. D., & Degnan, K. A. (2006). Temperament in early development. In R. Ammerman (Ed.), Comprehensive Handbook of Personality and Psychopathology, Vol 3: Child Psychopathology. New York: Wiley.
Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Newman, D. L., & Silva, P. A. (1996). Behavioral observations at age 3 years predict adult psychiatric disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 1033–1039. PubMed
Chronis-Tuscano, A., Degnan, K.A., Pine, D., Perez-Edgar, K., Diaz, Y., Raggi, V.L., & Fox, N.A. Stable, Early Maternal Report of Behavioral Inhibition Predicts Lifetime Social Anxiety Disorder in Adolescence. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, in press.
Cicchetti, D., & Toth, S. L. (1998). Perspectives on research and practice in developmental psychopathology. In W. Damon, I. E. Sigel & K. A. Renninger (Eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology (5th ed., pp. 479–583). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Degnan, K. A., Calkins, S. D., Keane, S. P., & Hill-Soderlund, A. L. (2008). Profiles of disruptive behavior across early childhood: Contributions of frustration reactivity, physiological regulation, and maternal behavior. Child Development, 79, 1357–1376. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01193.x. CrossRefPubMed
Fox, N. A., Henderson, H. A., & Marshall, P. J. (2001a). The biology of temperament: An integrative approach. In C. A. Nelson & M. Luciana (Eds.), The handbook of developmental cognitive neuroscience (pp. 631–645). Cambridge, MA: Springer.
Fox, N. A., Henderson, H. A., Rubin, K. H., Calkins, S. D., & Schmidt, L. A. (2001b). Continuity and discontinuity of behavioral inhibition and exuberance: Psychophysiological and behavioral influences across the first four years of life. Child Development, 72, 1–21. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.00262. CrossRef
Guyer, A. E., Nelson, E. E., Perez-Edgar, K., Hardin, M. G., Roberson-Nay, R., Monk, C. S., et al. (2006). Striatal functional alteration in adolescents characterized by early childhood behavioral inhibition. The Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 6399–6405. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0666-06.2006. CrossRefPubMed
Kagan, J. (2001). Temperamental contributions to affective and behavioral profiles in childhood. In S. G. Hoffmann & P. M. Dibartolo (Eds.), From social anxiety to social phobia: Multiple perspectives (pp. 216–234). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Boris, N. W., Smyke, A. T., Cornell, A. H., Farrell, J. M., et al. (2006). Callous-unemotional features, behavioral inhibition, and parenting: independent predictors of aggression in a high-risk preschool sample. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15, 745–756. doi: 10.1007/s10826-006-9047-8. CrossRef
LeDoux, J. E., Iwata, J., Cicchetti, P., & Reis, D. J. (1988). Different projections of the central amygdaloid nucleus mediate autonomic and behavioral correlates of conditioned fear. The Journal of Neuroscience, 8, 2517–2529. PubMed
Little, R. J., & Rubin, D. B. (eds). (1987). Statistical analysis with missing data. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Lonigan, C. J., Phillips, B. M., & Hooe, E. S. (2003). Relations of positive and negative affectivity to anxiety and depression in children: Evidence from a latent variable longitudinal study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 465–481. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.71.3.465. CrossRefPubMed
Maccoby, E. E., & Martin, J. A. (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: Parent-child interaction. In P. H. Mussen (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Socialization, personality and social development (Vol. 4, pp. 1–101). New York: Wiley.
Mills, R. S. L., & Rubin, K. H. (1993). Socialization factors in the development of social withdrawal. In K. H. Rubin & J. Asendorpf (Eds.), Social withdrawal, inhibition, and shyness in childhood. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.
Querido, J. G., Warner, T. D., & Eyberg, S. M. (2002). Parenting styles and child behavior in African American families of preschool children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 31, 272–277.
Raudenbush, S. W., & Byrk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
Robinson, C. C., Mandleco, B., Olsen, S. F., & Hart, C. H. (1995). Authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting practices: Development of a new measure. Psychological Reports, 77, 819–830.
Robinson, C. C., Mandelco, B., Olsen, S. F., & Hart, C. H. (2001). Parenting styles and dimensions questionnaire. In B. F. Perlmutter, J. Touliatos & G. W. Holdem (Eds.), Handbook of Family Measurement Techniques: Instruments and Index (pp. 319–321). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Rothbart, M.K., & Bates, J.E.(2006). Temperament. In W. Damon, R. Lerner, & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (6 th ed., pp. 99–166). New York: Wiley.
Rubin, K. H., & Burgess, K. B. (2001). Social withdrawal and anxiety. In M. W. Vasey & M. R. Dadds (Eds.), The Developmental Psychopathology of Anxiety (pp. 407–434). New York: Oxford University Press.
Rubin, K. H., & Burgess, K. (2002). Parents of aggressive and withdrawn children. In M. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of Parenting (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 383–418). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Russell, A., Hart, C. H., Robinson, C. C., & Olsen, S. F. (2003). Children's sociable and aggressive behaviour with peers: A comparison of the US and Australia, and contributions of temperament and parenting styles. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 27, 74–86. doi: 10.1080/01650250244000038. CrossRef
Steinberg, L., Blatt-Eisengart, I., & Cauffman, E. (2006). Patterns of competence and adjustment among adolescents from authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful homes: A replication in a sample of serious juvenile offenders. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16, 47–58. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2006.00119.x. CrossRefPubMed
Van Brakel, A. M. L., Muris, P., Bogels, S. M., & Thomassen, C. (2006). A multifactorial model for the etiology of anxiety in non-clinical adolescents: Main and interactive effects of behavioral inhibition, attachment and parental rearing. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15, 569–579. CrossRef
- Impact of Behavioral Inhibition and Parenting Style on Internalizing and Externalizing Problems from Early Childhood through Adolescence
Lela Rankin Williams
Kathryn A. Degnan
Koraly E. Perez-Edgar
Heather A. Henderson
Kenneth H. Rubin
Daniel S. Pine
Nathan A. Fox
- Springer US