Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Training in mindfulness has been shown to improve a variety of psychological disorders as well as physical conditions. Additionally, mindfulness training has been shown to reduce risk-taking behaviors following several weeks of training. Reducing risk-taking behaviors is of particular importance in regard to specific mental health problems, such as substance use and eating disorders. Many studies that examine the effects of mindfulness utilize training programs that are several weeks in duration. However, some evidence indicates that brief, single-use mindfulness practices can have substantial effects on changing emotion and cognition in laboratory settings. The present study examined the immediate effects of a brief, single-use mindful body scan practice on risk-taking behavior in a laboratory setting. Participants included 153 undergraduate students at a major university in the southern USA. The experimental design was a randomized trial using an active control group, which engaged in a mind-wandering exercise. Results indicated that there was no significant interaction of condition by time on scores from the state mindfulness measure or the risk-taking task, yet main effects of time were observed for both variables. Findings suggest that the brief mindful body scan practice did not differentially effect mindfulness or risk-taking compared to the mind-wandering control exercise. However, there was a small, significant correlation observed between change in state mindfulness and change in risk taking for the full sample, suggesting a relationship between the variables of interest, albeit in the opposite direction as expected. Implications and limitations of the present study are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC.
Aklin, W. M., Lejuez, C. W., Zvolensky, M. J., Kahler, C. W., & Gwadz, M. (2005). Evaluation of behavioral measure of risk taking propensity with inner city adolescents. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 215–228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2003.12.007. CrossRefPubMed
Black, D. S., Sussman, S., Johnson, C. A., & Milam, J. (2012). Trait mindfulness helps shield decision-making from translating into health-risk behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51, 588–592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.03.011. CrossRefPubMed
Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 822–848. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35220.127.116.112. CrossRefPubMed
Byrnes, J. P., Miller, D. C., & Schafer, W. D. (1999). Gender differences in risk-taking: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 367–383. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.125.3.367. CrossRef
Cropley, M., Ussher, M., & Charitou, E. (2007). Acute effects of a guided relaxation routine (body scan) on tobacco withdrawal symptoms and cravings in abstinent smokers. Addiction, 102, 989–993. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.01832.x. CrossRefPubMed
Feldman, G., Greeson, J., & Senville, J. (2010). Differential effects of mindful breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and loving-kindness meditation on decentering and negative reactions to repetitive thoughts. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48(10), 1002-1011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2010.06.006.
Grow, J. C., Collins, S. E., Harrop, E. N., & Marlatt, G. A. (2015). Enactment of home practice following mindfulness-based relapse prevention and its association with substance-use outcomes. Addictive Behaviors, 40, 16–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.07.030. CrossRefPubMed
Hamilton, J., Fawson, S., May, J., Andrade, J., & Kavanagh, D. J. (2013). Brief guided imagery and body scanning interventions reduce food cravings. Appetite, 71, 158–162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2013.08.005. CrossRefPubMed
Hendrickson, K. L., & Rasmussen, E. B. (2013). Effects of mindful eating training on delay and probability discounting for food and money in obese and healthy-weight individuals. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 51, 399–409. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2013.04.002. CrossRefPubMed
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain and illness. New York, NY: Delacorte.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are: mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York, NY: Hyperion.
Khoury, B., Lecomte, T., Fortin, G., Masse, M., Therien, P., Bouchard, V., & … Hofmann, S. G. (2013a). Mindfulness-based therapy: a comprehensive meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 33, 763–771. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2013.05.005.
Khoury, B., Lecomte, T., Gaudiano, B. A., & Paquin, K. (2013b). Mindfulness interventions for psychosis: a meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Research, 150, 176–184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2013.07.055. CrossRefPubMed
Khoury, B., Sharma, M., Rush, S. E., & Fournier, C. (2015). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for healthy individuals: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 78(6), 519-528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.03.009
Klingbeil, D. A., Fischer, A. J., Renshaw, T. L., Bloomfield, B. S., Polakoff, B., Willenbrink, J. B., Copek, R. A., & Chan, K. T. (2017a). Effects of mindfulness-based intervention on disruptive behavior: a meta-analysis of single-case research. Psychology in the Schools, 54, 70–87. https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.21982. CrossRef
Klingbeil, D. A., Renshaw, T. L., Willenbrink, J. B., Copek, R. A., Chan, K. T., Haddock, A., Yassine, J., & Clifton, J. (2017b). Mindfulness-based interventions with youth: a comprehensive meta-analysis of group-design studies. Journal of School Psychology, 63, 77–103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsp.2017.03.006. CrossRefPubMed
Lakey, C. E., Campbell, W. K., Brown, K. W., & Goodie, A. S. (2007). Dispositional mindfulness as a predictor of the severity of gambling outcomes. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 1698–1710. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2007.05.007. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Lejuez, C. W., Read, J. P., Kahler, C. W., Richards, J. B., Ramsey, S. E., Stuart, G. L., & … Brown, R. A. (2002). Evaluation of a behavioral measure of risk-taking: the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 8, 75–84. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/1076-898X.8.2.75.
Levin, M. E., Hildebrandt, M. J., Lillis, J., & Hayes, S. C. (2012). The impact of treatment components suggested by the psychological flexibility model: a meta-analysis of laboratory-based component studies. Behavior Therapy, 43, 741–756. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2012.05.003. CrossRefPubMed
Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Nhat Hanh, T. (2006). Transformation and healing: sutra on the four establishments of mindfulness (2nd ed.). Berkeley, CA: Parallax Press.
Ostafin, B. D., & Kassman, K. T. (2012). Stepping out of history: mindfulness improves insight problem solving. Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, 21, 1031–1036. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2012.02.014. CrossRef
Parker, A. E., Kupersmidt, J. B., Mathis, E. T., Scull, T. M., & Sims, C. (2014). The impact of mindfulness education on elementary school students: evaluation of the Master Mind program. Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 7, 184–204. https://doi.org/10.1080/1754730X.2014.916497. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Reynolds, A., Keough, M. T., & O’Connor, R. M. (2015). Is being mindful associated with reduced risk for internally-motivated drinking and alcohol use among undergraduates? Addictive Behaviors, 42, 222–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.11.027. CrossRefPubMed
Ruskin, D., Kohut, S. A., & Stinson, J. (2014). The development of a mindfulness-based stress reduction group for adolescents with chronic pain. Journal of Pain Management, 7, 301–312.
Turner, C., McClure, R., & Pirozzo, S. (2004). Injury and risk-taking behavior—a systematic review. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 36, 93–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(02)00131-8. CrossRefPubMed
Ussher, M., Spatz, A., Copland, C., Nicolaou, A., Cargill, A., Amini-Tabrizi, N., & McCracken, L. M. (2014). Immediate effects of a brief mindfulness-based body scan on patients with chronic pain. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37, 127–134. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-012-9466-5. CrossRefPubMed
van der Vorst, H., Schuck, K., Engels, R. E., & Hermans, R. J. (2014). Children’s responses towards alcohol in virtual reality: associations between parental alcohol use, drinking selections and intentions to drink. Journal of Substance Use, 19, 429–435. https://doi.org/10.3109/14659891.2013.852257. CrossRef
Vidrine, J. I., Spears, C. A., Heppner, W. L., Reitzel, L. R., Marcus, M. T., Cinciripini, P. M., & … Wetter, D. W. (2016). Efficacy of mindfulness-based addiction treatment (MBAT) for smoking cessation and lapse recovery: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84, 824–838. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000117.
- Immediate Effects of the Mindful Body Scan Practice on Risk-Taking Behavior
Shelley R. Upton
Tyler L. Renshaw
- Springer US