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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 3/2023

09-12-2022 | Empirical Research

Identity Formation, Body Image, and Body-Related Symptoms: Developmental Trajectories and Associations Throughout Adolescence

Auteurs: Lore Vankerckhoven, Leni Raemen, Laurence Claes, Steven Eggermont, Nina Palmeroni, Koen Luyckx

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 3/2023

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Abstract

Emerging evidence highlights the intricate link between identity and one’s body, however, integrative longitudinal research on this identity-body interplay is lacking. The current study used three-wave longitudinal data (Time 1: N = 403; 52.1% female; Mage = 14.85, SD = 0.89, range = 13–19 years) spanning two years (2019–2021; T1 and T2 being pre-pandemic, T3 peri-pandemic) to identify identity trajectory classes and examine their co-development with negative and positive body image and various body-related variables (i.e., sociocultural pressures, internalization of appearance ideals, self-objectification, appearance comparison, and eating disorder symptoms). First, four identity classes emerged using latent class growth analysis (achievement, moratorium, carefree diffusion, and troubled diffusion). Second, using multigroup latent growth curve modeling, adolescents in less adaptive identity trajectory classes (i.e., engaging less in pro-active processes and more in ruminative processes) displayed higher levels of negative body image and body-related symptoms. The current study testified to the clinically meaningful associations linking identity formation to adolescents’ body image and other body-related symptoms.
Voetnoten
1
The AIC, SABIC, and LMR-LRT were requested by a reviewer as additional criteria, and such, were not mentioned in the preregistration of the manuscript.
 
2
Analyses were conducted on a limited sample, given that the students had to have participated at the third measurement point. These analyses were not preregistered.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Identity Formation, Body Image, and Body-Related Symptoms: Developmental Trajectories and Associations Throughout Adolescence
Auteurs
Lore Vankerckhoven
Leni Raemen
Laurence Claes
Steven Eggermont
Nina Palmeroni
Koen Luyckx
Publicatiedatum
09-12-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 3/2023
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-022-01717-y

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