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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 4/2021

22-05-2020 | Original Article

I could do it now, but I’d rather (forget to) do it later: examining links between procrastination and prospective memory failures

Auteurs: Sascha Zuber, Nicola Ballhausen, Maximilian Haas, Stéphanie Cauvin, Chloé Da Silva Coelho, Anne-Sophie Daviet, Andreas Ihle, Matthias Kliegel

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 4/2021

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Abstract

Prospective memory (PM) represents the ability to remember to perform planned actions after a certain delay. As previous studies suggest that even brief task-delays can negatively affect PM performance, the current study set out to examine whether procrastination (intentionally delaying task execution despite possible negative consequences) may represent a factor contributing to PM failures. Specifically, we assessed procrastination (via a standardized questionnaire as well as an objective behavioral measure) and PM failures (via a naturalistic PM task) in 92 young adults. Results show that participants’ self-reports as well as their actual procrastination behavior predicted the number of PM failures, corroborating the impact of procrastination on PM. Subsequent cluster analyses suggest three distinct procrastination profiles (non-procrastinators, conscious procrastinators and unconscious procrastinators), providing new conceptual insights into different mechanisms of how procrastinating may lead to forgetting to perform planned tasks.

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Voetnoten
1
An exploratory factor analysis on the PPS self-reports revealed that item 4 did not distinguish between the two dimensions of procrastination (high factor loadings on voluntary (= 0.44) and observed delay (= 0.49); for details, see Zuber et al. (2020). Consequently, item 4 was removed from subsequent analyses.
 
2
We thank an anonymous reviewer for suggesting this possibility.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
I could do it now, but I’d rather (forget to) do it later: examining links between procrastination and prospective memory failures
Auteurs
Sascha Zuber
Nicola Ballhausen
Maximilian Haas
Stéphanie Cauvin
Chloé Da Silva Coelho
Anne-Sophie Daviet
Andreas Ihle
Matthias Kliegel
Publicatiedatum
22-05-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 4/2021
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-020-01357-6