01-07-2006 | Original Paper
Hyperserotoninemia and Altered Immunity in Autism
Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2006Log in om toegang te krijgen
One of the most consistent biological findings in autism is elevated whole blood serotonin (5-HT) levels found in about 1/3 of cases. Immune abnormalities are also commonly observed in this disorder. Given 5-HT’s role as an immunomodulator, possible connections between 5-HT and immune abnormalities in autism are explored in this review. Areas of focus include hyperserotoninemia and cellular immune function, autoantibodies to 5-HT receptors, and 5-HT’s role in autoimmunity. Further research is needed to determine the interactions between neuropsychiatric and immune dysfunction in autism and related disorders.