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29-05-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 8/2021

Mindfulness 8/2021

How Self-Compassion Moderates the Links Between Fitspiration Use and Body Concerns in Young Women

Tijdschrift:
Mindfulness > Uitgave 8/2021
Auteurs:
Veya Seekis, Graham L. Bradley, Amanda L. Duffy
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Abstract

Objectives

Past research shows that (a) use of appearance-related social networking sites, such as fitspiration, predicts body concerns and appearance comparisons, and (b) self-compassion protects against these outcomes. This study investigated the links between fitspiration and two body concerns (body dissatisfaction and drive for thinness) via upward appearance comparison, and the moderating roles of each of six facets of self-compassion on the indirect and direct associations between fitspiration and body concerns.

Methods

Using a cross-sectional design, a sample of 338 undergraduate women, aged 17–25 years, completed self-report measures of fitspiration use, upward appearance comparison, self-compassion, body dissatisfaction, and drive for thinness.

Results

Upward appearance comparison mediated the links between use of fitspiration and both body concerns. Several of the facets of self-compassion moderated these links. Reduced self-judgement, isolation, and overidentification buffered the fitspiration and upward appearance comparison link. Similarly, self-kindness, common humanity, mindfulness, and reduced isolation buffered the association between fitspiration and drive for thinness.

Conclusions

The study offers insights into the way that self-compassion may work to weaken the links between fitspiration and some negative body-related outcomes.

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