Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
When the second of two targets is presented temporally close (within 500 ms) to the first target in rapid serial visual presentation, accuracy for reporting the second target is markedly diminished—an attentional blink (AB). The AB has become a well-studied phenomenon, and multiple different versions of the AB are currently in use. However, little is known about the stability of individual performance on the AB. The current study examined the reliability of two different versions of the AB task (a task-switch and no-task-switch version) within session, and over the period of 7–10 days, in order to examine performance stability. In addition to testing the reliability, we also examined the relationship between both versions of our AB tasks. Both versions of the AB were shown to be reliable within session, and over time, suggesting that performance is quite stable on this task. In addition, performance on the two different AB tasks was significantly correlated within and across sessions, suggesting that the AB phenomenon is being accurately captured by versions of the AB that include a task-switch. These findings are important given the recent interest in individual differences in performance on the AB.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Arnell, K. M., Howe, A. E., Joanisse, M. F., & Klein, R. M. (2006). Relationships between attentional blink magnitude, RSVP target accuracy, and performance on other cognitive tasks. Memory & Cognition, 34, 1472–1483. CrossRef
Borgmann, K. W. U., Risko, E. F., Stolz, J. A., & Besner, D. (2007). Simon says: Reliability and the role of working memory and attentional control in the Simon task Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 14(2), 313–319. doi: 10.3758/BF03194070.
Colzato, S. L., Spape, M. M. A., Pannebakker, M. M., & Hommel, B. (2007). Working memory and the attentional blink: blink size is predicted by individual differences in operation span. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 1051–1057. CrossRef
Klein, C., Arend, I. C., Beauducel, A., & Shapiro, K. L. (2011). Individuals differ in the attentional blink: mental speed and intra-subject stability matter. Intelligence, 39, 27–35. CrossRef
Kunsti, J., Stevenson, J., Oosterlaan, J., & Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2001). Test-retest reliability of a new delay aversion task and executive function measures. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 19, 339–348. CrossRef
Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric Theory (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Potter, M. C., Chun, M. M., Banks, B. S., & Muckenhoupt, M. (1998). Two attentional deficits in target search: the visual attentional blink and an amodal task-switch deficit. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 24, 979–992. doi: 10.1037/0278-73184.108.40.2069.
Stolz, J. A., Besner, D., & Carr, T. H. (2005). Semantic priming is robust but unreliable: inherent noise and strategic control in the activation and evaluation of semantic knowledge. Visual Cognition, 12, 284–336. CrossRef
- How reliable is the attentional blink? Examining the relationships within and between attentional blink tasks over time
Karen M. Arnell