Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 4/2018

02-12-2017 | ORIGINAL PAPER

How One Experiences and Embodies Compassionate Mind Training Influences Its Effectiveness

Auteurs: Marcela Matos, Joana Duarte, Cristiana Duarte, Paul Gilbert, José Pinto-Gouveia

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 4/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This paper explores indicators of practice quality of a brief compassion mind training (CMT) intervention and their impact on the development of an inner sense of one’s compassionate self (CS) and a range of self-report measures. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: compassionate mind training (CMT; n = 77) and wait-list control. Participants in the CMT condition practiced a range of CMT practices during 2 weeks. Each week, participants completed a feedback questionnaire, measuring practice frequency, helpfulness and embodiment of the practices in everyday life. Self-report measures of compassion, positive affect, shame, self-criticism, fears of compassion and psychopathological symptoms were also completed at pre and post. Practice frequency was associated with the frequency and easiness of embodiment of the CS. Perceived helpfulness of the practices was related to greater embodiment of the CS and to increases in compassion, reassured self, relaxed and safe affect and decreases in self-criticism. The embodiment variables of the CS were associated with higher compassion for the self, for others and from others and with improvements in reassured self, safe affect and compassionate goals. Embodiment of the CS and perceived helpfulness of the practices predicted compassion for the self and experience of compassion from others at post-intervention. Perceiving compassion cultivation practices as helpful and being able to embody the CS in everyday life is key to foster self-compassion and the experience of receiving compassion from others, as well as to promote feelings of safeness, contentment and calmness.
Literatuur
go back to reference Allan, S., Gilbert, P., & Goss, K. (1994). An exploration of shame measures—II: psychopathology. Personality and Individual Differences, 17(5), 719–722. CrossRef Allan, S., Gilbert, P., & Goss, K. (1994). An exploration of shame measures—II: psychopathology. Personality and Individual Differences, 17(5), 719–722. CrossRef
go back to reference Baião, R., Gilbert, P., McEwan, K., & Carvalho, S. (2014). Forms of self-criticising/attacking & selfreassuring scale: Psychometric properties and normative study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 88, 438–452. Baião, R., Gilbert, P., McEwan, K., & Carvalho, S. (2014). Forms of self-criticising/attacking & selfreassuring scale: Psychometric properties and normative study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 88, 438–452.
go back to reference Braehler, C., Gumley, A., Harper, J., Wallace, S., Norrie, J., & Gilbert, P. (2013). Exploring change processes in compassion focused therapy in psychosis: results of a feasibility randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52, 199–214. CrossRefPubMed Braehler, C., Gumley, A., Harper, J., Wallace, S., Norrie, J., & Gilbert, P. (2013). Exploring change processes in compassion focused therapy in psychosis: results of a feasibility randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52, 199–214. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cook, D. R. (1994, 2001). Internalized shame scale: technical manual. North Tonawanda: Multi-Health Systems, Inc. Cook, D. R. (1994, 2001). Internalized shame scale: technical manual. North Tonawanda: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.
go back to reference Crocker, J., & Canevello, A. (2008). Creating and undermining social support in communal relationships: the role of compassionate and self-image goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 555–575. CrossRefPubMed Crocker, J., & Canevello, A. (2008). Creating and undermining social support in communal relationships: the role of compassionate and self-image goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 555–575. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fredrickson, B. L., Cohn, M. A., Coffey, K. A., Pek, J., & Finkel, S. M. (2008). Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5), 1045–1062. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Fredrickson, B. L., Cohn, M. A., Coffey, K. A., Pek, J., & Finkel, S. M. (2008). Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5), 1045–1062. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Gilbert, P. (2000). Social mentalities: Internal ‘social’ conflicts and the role of inner warmth and compassion in cognitive therapy. In P. Gilbert & K. G. Bailey (Eds.), Genes on the couch: explorations in evolutionary psychotherapy (pp. 118–150). Hove: Brenner-Routledge. Gilbert, P. (2000). Social mentalities: Internal ‘social’ conflicts and the role of inner warmth and compassion in cognitive therapy. In P. Gilbert & K. G. Bailey (Eds.), Genes on the couch: explorations in evolutionary psychotherapy (pp. 118–150). Hove: Brenner-Routledge.
go back to reference Gilbert, P. (2010). Compassion focused therapy: the CBT distinctive features series. London: Routledge. Gilbert, P. (2010). Compassion focused therapy: the CBT distinctive features series. London: Routledge.
go back to reference Gilbert, P., & Choden. (2013). Mindful compassion. London: Constable-Robinson. Gilbert, P., & Choden. (2013). Mindful compassion. London: Constable-Robinson.
go back to reference Gilbert, P., McEwan, K., Mitra, R., Franks, L., Richter, A., & Rockliff, H. (2008). Feeling safe and content: a specific affect regulation system? Relationship to depression, anxiety, stress, and self-criticism. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 3, 182–191. CrossRef Gilbert, P., McEwan, K., Mitra, R., Franks, L., Richter, A., & Rockliff, H. (2008). Feeling safe and content: a specific affect regulation system? Relationship to depression, anxiety, stress, and self-criticism. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 3, 182–191. CrossRef
go back to reference Goss, K., Gilbert, P., & Allan, S. (1994). An exploration of shame measures—I: the other as shamer scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 17(5), 713–717. CrossRef Goss, K., Gilbert, P., & Allan, S. (1994). An exploration of shame measures—I: the other as shamer scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 17(5), 713–717. CrossRef
go back to reference Jinpa, T. (2015). A fearless heart. Why compassion is the key to greater well-being. London: Little Brown. Jinpa, T. (2015). A fearless heart. Why compassion is the key to greater well-being. London: Little Brown.
go back to reference Kirby, J., & Gilbert, P. (2017). The emergence of the compassion focused therapies. In P. Gilbert (Ed.), Compassion: concepts, research and applications (pp. 258–285). London: Routledge. Kirby, J., & Gilbert, P. (2017). The emergence of the compassion focused therapies. In P. Gilbert (Ed.), Compassion: concepts, research and applications (pp. 258–285). London: Routledge.
go back to reference Kline, R. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modelling (2th ed.). New York: The Guilford Press. Kline, R. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modelling (2th ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Kupeli, N., Chilcot, J., Schmidt, U. H., Campbell, I. C., & Troop, N. A. (2013). A confirmatory factor analysis and validation of the Forms of Self-criticism/Self-reassurance Scale. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52(1), 12–25. Kupeli, N., Chilcot, J., Schmidt, U. H., Campbell, I. C., & Troop, N. A. (2013). A confirmatory factor analysis and validation of the Forms of Self-criticism/Self-reassurance Scale. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52(1), 12–25.
go back to reference Lama, D. (1995). The power of compassion. India: HarperCollins. Lama, D. (1995). The power of compassion. India: HarperCollins.
go back to reference Mayhew, S., & Gilbert, P. (2008). Compassionate mind training with people who hear malevolent voices: a case series report. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 15, 113–138. CrossRefPubMed Mayhew, S., & Gilbert, P. (2008). Compassionate mind training with people who hear malevolent voices: a case series report. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 15, 113–138. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Meevissen, Y. M. C., Peters, M. L., & Alberts, H. J. E. M. (2011). Become more optimistic by imagining a best possible self: effects of a two week intervention. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42, 371–378. CrossRefPubMed Meevissen, Y. M. C., Peters, M. L., & Alberts, H. J. E. M. (2011). Become more optimistic by imagining a best possible self: effects of a two week intervention. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42, 371–378. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Peters, M. L., Flink, I. K., Boersma, K., & Linton, S. J. (2010). Manipulating optimism: can imagining a best possible self be used to increase positive future expectancies? The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 204–211. CrossRef Peters, M. L., Flink, I. K., Boersma, K., & Linton, S. J. (2010). Manipulating optimism: can imagining a best possible self be used to increase positive future expectancies? The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 204–211. CrossRef
go back to reference Ricard, M. (2015). Altruism. The power of compassion to change itself and the world. London: Atlantic Books. Ricard, M. (2015). Altruism. The power of compassion to change itself and the world. London: Atlantic Books.
go back to reference Schanche, E., Stiles, T. C., McCullough, L., Svartberg, M., & Nielsen, G. H. (2011). The relationship between activating affects, inhibitory affects, and self-compassion in patients with cluster C personality disorders. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 48, 293–303. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0022012. CrossRef Schanche, E., Stiles, T. C., McCullough, L., Svartberg, M., & Nielsen, G. H. (2011). The relationship between activating affects, inhibitory affects, and self-compassion in patients with cluster C personality disorders. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 48, 293–303. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0022012. CrossRef
go back to reference Stopa, L., Brown, M. A., & Hirsch, C. R. (2012). The effects of repeated imagery practice on self-concept, anxiety and performance in socially anxious participants. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3(2), 223–242. CrossRef Stopa, L., Brown, M. A., & Hirsch, C. R. (2012). The effects of repeated imagery practice on self-concept, anxiety and performance in socially anxious participants. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3(2), 223–242. CrossRef
go back to reference Tsering, T., & McDougall, G. (2005). The Four Noble Truths: the Foundation of Buddhist Thought (Vol. 1). Boston: Wisdom Publications. Tsering, T., & McDougall, G. (2005). The Four Noble Truths: the Foundation of Buddhist Thought (Vol. 1). Boston: Wisdom Publications.
Metagegevens
Titel
How One Experiences and Embodies Compassionate Mind Training Influences Its Effectiveness
Auteurs
Marcela Matos
Joana Duarte
Cristiana Duarte
Paul Gilbert
José Pinto-Gouveia
Publicatiedatum
02-12-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 4/2018
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0864-1

Andere artikelen Uitgave 4/2018

Mindfulness 4/2018 Naar de uitgave

ORTHOGONAL ROTATION IN CONSCIOUSNESS

Orthogonal Institutions