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05-07-2022

How is Multidimensional Trait Perfectionism Related to Anxiety Across Time in First-Generation Secondary Students?

Auteurs: Natalie Spadafora, Melissa Blackburn, Tabitha Methot-Jones, Dawn Zinga, Danielle S. Molnar

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine associations between multidimensional perfectionism and anxiety across the school year in a sample of first-generation high school students (i.e., neither parent completed post-secondary school). Three competing theoretical models were tested (i.e., the vulnerability model, in which perfectionism predicts increased psychopathology; the scar model, in which psychopathology predicts increased levels of perfectionism; and the reciprocal-causality model, in which perfectionism and psychopathology predict each other over time). The sample included 148 high school students (44% boys) between the ages of 13 and 18 (M = 14.90 years; SD = 1.29) who were surveyed at the beginning and end of the school year. Using a half-longitudinal design with latent cross-lagged analyses, results indicated that greater anxiety predicted higher levels of self-oriented perfectionism over time, after accounting for age, sex, emotional stability, and conscientiousness. Findings support the scar model whereby psychopathology predicts perfectionism in first-generation youth.
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1
STARR Academy is a pseudonym to ensure confidentiality of the participants.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
How is Multidimensional Trait Perfectionism Related to Anxiety Across Time in First-Generation Secondary Students?
Auteurs
Natalie Spadafora
Melissa Blackburn
Tabitha Methot-Jones
Dawn Zinga
Danielle S. Molnar
Publicatiedatum
05-07-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-022-09972-w