Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 10/2015

21-12-2014 | Original Paper

How do Adolescents Benefit from Family Rituals? Links to Social Connectedness, Depression and Anxiety

Auteurs: Sara Malaquias, Carla Crespo, Rita Francisco

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 10/2015

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Adolescence is a sensitive period for the development of depressive-anxious symptomatology. The practice of family rituals and perceived social connectedness have been indicated as protective factors for adolescents´ adjustment, however the existing empirical research is still scarce. The present research examined the relationships among family ritual meaning, social connectedness, anxiety and depression among Portuguese students. A total of 248 students (52.8 % female) aged between 15 and 20 years old (M = 16.27, SD = 1.22) participated in this study. The participants completed self-report measures (Family Ritual Questionnaire, Social Connectedness Scale—Revised, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). Results showed that family ritual meaning was positively related to social connectedness and negatively related to depression. Social connectedness was negatively associated with anxiety and depression. Gender was only associated with anxiety, and age wasn’t significantly correlated with any of the variables. Mediation analysis demonstrated that family ritual meaning was negatively linked to both depression (indirect effect = −.07; CI = −.13/−.02) and anxiety symptoms (indirect effect = −.06; CI = −.11/−.01) via social connectedness. These results clarified one of the possible paths through which family ritual meaning influences depressive-anxious symptomatology in adolescence. Taking into account the protective role of family ritual meaning and social connectedness, future interventions can be designed in order to reduce and prevent anxiety and depression in this particular developmental stage. Contributions and limitations of this study are presented along with suggestions for further investigation.
Literatuur
go back to reference Barber, B. K., & Olsen, J. A. (1997). Socialization in context: Connection, regulation, and autonomy in the family, school, and neighborhood, and with peers. Journal of Adolescent Research, 12, 287–315. doi: 10.​1177/​0743554897122008​. CrossRef Barber, B. K., & Olsen, J. A. (1997). Socialization in context: Connection, regulation, and autonomy in the family, school, and neighborhood, and with peers. Journal of Adolescent Research, 12, 287–315. doi: 10.​1177/​0743554897122008​. CrossRef
go back to reference Brown, B. B. (2004). Adolescents’ relationships with peers. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (2nd ed., pp. 331–361). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Brown, B. B. (2004). Adolescents’ relationships with peers. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (2nd ed., pp. 331–361). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
go back to reference Carlson, G. A., & Grant, K. E. (2008). The roles of stress and coping in explaining gender differences in risk for psychopathology among African American urban adolescents. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 28, 375–404. doi: 10.​1177/​0272431608314663​. CrossRef Carlson, G. A., & Grant, K. E. (2008). The roles of stress and coping in explaining gender differences in risk for psychopathology among African American urban adolescents. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 28, 375–404. doi: 10.​1177/​0272431608314663​. CrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Collins, W. A., & Laursen, B. (2004). Parent-adolescent relationships and influences. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (2nd ed., pp. 331–361). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Collins, W. A., & Laursen, B. (2004). Parent-adolescent relationships and influences. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (2nd ed., pp. 331–361). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
go back to reference Crespo, C., Kielpikowski, M. M., Jose, P. E., & Pryor, J. E. (2011). Family rituals in New Zealand families: Links to family cohesion and adolescents’ well-being. Journal of Family Psychology, 25, 184–193. doi: 10.​1037/​a0023113. CrossRefPubMed Crespo, C., Kielpikowski, M. M., Jose, P. E., & Pryor, J. E. (2011). Family rituals in New Zealand families: Links to family cohesion and adolescents’ well-being. Journal of Family Psychology, 25, 184–193. doi: 10.​1037/​a0023113. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fiese, B. H. (1993). Dimensions of family rituals in alcoholic and nonalcoholic households: Relation to adolescent health symptomatology and problem drinking. Family Relations, 42, 187–192. doi: 10.​2307/​585453. CrossRef Fiese, B. H. (1993). Dimensions of family rituals in alcoholic and nonalcoholic households: Relation to adolescent health symptomatology and problem drinking. Family Relations, 42, 187–192. doi: 10.​2307/​585453. CrossRef
go back to reference Fiese, B. H. (2006a). Family routines and rituals. New Haven: Yale University Press. Fiese, B. H. (2006a). Family routines and rituals. New Haven: Yale University Press.
go back to reference Fiese, B. H. (2006b). Who took my hot sauce? Regulating emotion in the context of family routines and rituals. In D. K. Snyder, J. A. Simpson, & J. N. Hughes (Eds.), Emotion regulation in families (pp. 269–290). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Fiese, B. H. (2006b). Who took my hot sauce? Regulating emotion in the context of family routines and rituals. In D. K. Snyder, J. A. Simpson, & J. N. Hughes (Eds.), Emotion regulation in families (pp. 269–290). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
go back to reference Hankin, B. L., Abramson, L. Y., Moffitt, T. E., Silva, P. A., McGee, R., & Angell, K. E. (1998). Development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood: Emerging gender differences in a 10-year longitu-dinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 128–140. doi: 10.​1037/​0021-843X.​107.​1.​128. CrossRefPubMed Hankin, B. L., Abramson, L. Y., Moffitt, T. E., Silva, P. A., McGee, R., & Angell, K. E. (1998). Development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood: Emerging gender differences in a 10-year longitu-dinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 128–140. doi: 10.​1037/​0021-843X.​107.​1.​128. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hjemdal, O., Vogel, P. A., Solem, S., Hagen, K., & Stiles, T. C. (2011). The relationship between resilience and levels of anxiety, depression, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in adolescents. Clinical psychology and psychotherapy, 18, 314–321. doi: 10.​1002/​cpp.​719. CrossRefPubMed Hjemdal, O., Vogel, P. A., Solem, S., Hagen, K., & Stiles, T. C. (2011). The relationship between resilience and levels of anxiety, depression, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in adolescents. Clinical psychology and psychotherapy, 18, 314–321. doi: 10.​1002/​cpp.​719. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Jose, P. E., & Crespo, C. (2012). Social connectedness in adolescence. In R. J. Levesque (Ed.), Encyclopedia of adolescence (pp. 2758–2768). New York: Springer. Jose, P. E., & Crespo, C. (2012). Social connectedness in adolescence. In R. J. Levesque (Ed.), Encyclopedia of adolescence (pp. 2758–2768). New York: Springer.
go back to reference López, M. V., Ivonne, N., Arratia, G., Fuentes, L., Palos, P. A., & Oudhof, H. (2012). Depresión en adolescentes: El papel de los sucesos vitales estressantes. Salud Mental, 35, 37–43. López, M. V., Ivonne, N., Arratia, G., Fuentes, L., Palos, P. A., & Oudhof, H. (2012). Depresión en adolescentes: El papel de los sucesos vitales estressantes. Salud Mental, 35, 37–43.
go back to reference Mead, M. (1973). Ritual and social crisis. In J. Shaugnessy (Ed.), The roots of ritual (pp. 87–101). Grand Rapids: William Eerdmans Publishing. Mead, M. (1973). Ritual and social crisis. In J. Shaugnessy (Ed.), The roots of ritual (pp. 87–101). Grand Rapids: William Eerdmans Publishing.
go back to reference Pais-Ribeiro, J. L., Silva, I., Ferreira, T., Martins, A., Meneses, R., & Baltar, M. (2006). Validation study of a Portuguese version of the hospital anxiety and depression scale psychology. Health and Medicine, 12, 1–13. doi: 10.​1080/​1354850050052408​8. Pais-Ribeiro, J. L., Silva, I., Ferreira, T., Martins, A., Meneses, R., & Baltar, M. (2006). Validation study of a Portuguese version of the hospital anxiety and depression scale psychology. Health and Medicine, 12, 1–13. doi: 10.​1080/​1354850050052408​8.
go back to reference Roberts, J. (1988). Ritual themes in families and family therapy. In E. Imber-Black, J. Roberts, & R. Whiting (Eds.), Rituals in families and family therapy (pp. 3–46). New York: Norton. Roberts, J. (1988). Ritual themes in families and family therapy. In E. Imber-Black, J. Roberts, & R. Whiting (Eds.), Rituals in families and family therapy (pp. 3–46). New York: Norton.
go back to reference Seroczynski, A., Jacquez, F., & Cole, D. (2003). Depression and suicide during adolescence. In G. Adams & M. Berzonsky (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of adolescence (pp. 550–573). Malden: Blackwell. Seroczynski, A., Jacquez, F., & Cole, D. (2003). Depression and suicide during adolescence. In G. Adams & M. Berzonsky (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of adolescence (pp. 550–573). Malden: Blackwell.
go back to reference Simões, M. R. (1994). Investigações no âmbito da aferição nacional do teste das Matrizes Progressivas Coloridas de Raven (Research on the national standardization of the Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices). PhD Dissertation, Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, Universidade de Coimbra. Simões, M. R. (1994). Investigações no âmbito da aferição nacional do teste das Matrizes Progressivas Coloridas de Raven (Research on the national standardization of the Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices). PhD Dissertation, Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, Universidade de Coimbra.
go back to reference Snaith, R. P., & Zigmond, A. P. (1994). The hospital anxiety and depression scale manual. Windsor: NFER-Nelson. Snaith, R. P., & Zigmond, A. P. (1994). The hospital anxiety and depression scale manual. Windsor: NFER-Nelson.
go back to reference Zolog, T. C., Jané-Ballabriga, M. C., Bonillo-Martin, A., Canals-Sans, J., Hernandez-Martinez, C., Romero-Acosta, K., & Domenech-Llaberia, E. (2011). Age, gender and negative life events in anxiety and depression self-reports at preadolescence and early adolescence. Ansiedad y Estrés, 17(2–3), 113–124. Zolog, T. C., Jané-Ballabriga, M. C., Bonillo-Martin, A., Canals-Sans, J., Hernandez-Martinez, C., Romero-Acosta, K., & Domenech-Llaberia, E. (2011). Age, gender and negative life events in anxiety and depression self-reports at preadolescence and early adolescence. Ansiedad y Estrés, 17(2–3), 113–124.
Metagegevens
Titel
How do Adolescents Benefit from Family Rituals? Links to Social Connectedness, Depression and Anxiety
Auteurs
Sara Malaquias
Carla Crespo
Rita Francisco
Publicatiedatum
21-12-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 10/2015
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-014-0104-4

Andere artikelen Uitgave 10/2015

Journal of Child and Family Studies 10/2015 Naar de uitgave