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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 3/2022

28-03-2022

How acute affect dynamics impact longitudinal changes in physical activity among children

Auteurs: Genevieve F. Dunton, Wei-Lin Wang, Stephen S. Intille, Eldin Dzubur, Aditya Ponnada, Donald Hedeker

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 3/2022

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Abstract

Research examined how acute affect dynamics, including stability and context-dependency, contribute to changes in children’s physical activity levels as they transition from late-childhood to early-adolescence. Children (N = 151) (ages 8–12 years at baseline) participated in an ecological momentary assessment and accelerometry study with six semi-annual bursts (7 days each) across three years. A two-stage mixed-effects multiple location-scale model tested random intercept, variance, and slope estimates for positive affect as predictors of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Multi-year declines in MVPA were greater for children who had greater subject-level variance in positive affect. Children who experienced more positive affect when alone did not experience steeper declines in physical activity. Interventions aiming for long-term modifications in children’s physical activity may focus on buffering the effects of within-day fluctuations in affect or tailoring programs to fit the needs of “acute dynamic process phenotypes.”
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Metagegevens
Titel
How acute affect dynamics impact longitudinal changes in physical activity among children
Auteurs
Genevieve F. Dunton
Wei-Lin Wang
Stephen S. Intille
Eldin Dzubur
Aditya Ponnada
Donald Hedeker
Publicatiedatum
28-03-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 3/2022
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-022-00282-w