Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 3/2013

01-03-2013 | Empirical Research

Homophobic Name-Calling Among Secondary School Students and Its Implications for Mental Health

Auteurs: Kate L. Collier, Henny M. W. Bos, Theo G. M. Sandfort

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 3/2013

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Although homophobic verbal victimization has been associated with negative mental health outcomes, little actually is known about its general prevalence and relationship to mental health among adolescents. In addition, the relationship of homophobic name-calling to mental health in gender non-conforming adolescents is not well understood. This study examined the relationship between homophobic verbal victimization and mental health in adolescents, accounting for their sexual orientation and level of gender non-conformity. Survey data was collected from 513 adolescents (ages 11–17) who attended eight schools in and around Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 56.7 % of the participating adolescents were female and 11.1 % reported same-sex attractions. As hypothesized, male adolescents and those with same-sex attractions were more likely to report victimization from homophobic name-calling than were their female and non-same-sex attracted peers. Contrary to expectations, homophobic name-calling was not independently associated with psychological distress after controlling for gender, sexual attractions, gender non-conformity, and other negative treatment by peers. The hypothesis that homophobic name-calling would be more strongly associated with psychological distress in male, same-sex attracted, and gender non-conforming adolescents was also not supported. The results suggest that same-sex attracted and gender non-conforming youth are particularly vulnerable to homophobic name-calling, in the Netherlands as in other contexts, but also that other forms of peer victimization may be more strongly related to mental health.
Literatuur
go back to reference Aboud, F. E., & Joong, A. (2010). Intergroup name-calling and conditions for creating assertive bystanders. In S. R. Levy & M. Killen (Eds.), Intergroup attitudes and relations in childhood through adulthood (pp. 249–260). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Aboud, F. E., & Joong, A. (2010). Intergroup name-calling and conditions for creating assertive bystanders. In S. R. Levy & M. Killen (Eds.), Intergroup attitudes and relations in childhood through adulthood (pp. 249–260). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Aspenlieder, L., Buchanan, C. M., McDougall, P., & Sippola, L. K. (2009). Gender nonconformity and peer victimization in pre- and early adolescence. European Journal of Developmental Science, 3(1), 3–16. Aspenlieder, L., Buchanan, C. M., McDougall, P., & Sippola, L. K. (2009). Gender nonconformity and peer victimization in pre- and early adolescence. European Journal of Developmental Science, 3(1), 3–16.
go back to reference Birkett, M., Espelage, D. L., & Koenig, B. (2009). LGB and questioning students in schools: The moderating effects of homophobic bullying and school climate on negative outcomes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(7), 989–1000. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-008-9389-1. PubMedCrossRef Birkett, M., Espelage, D. L., & Koenig, B. (2009). LGB and questioning students in schools: The moderating effects of homophobic bullying and school climate on negative outcomes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(7), 989–1000. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-008-9389-1. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, J. W. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Cohen, J. W. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Collier, K. L., Bos, H. M., Merry, M., & Sandfort, T. G. M. (2012a). Gender, ethnicity, religiosity, and same-sex sexual attraction and the acceptance of same-sex sexuality and gender non-conformity. Sex Roles. doi: 10.​1007/​s11199-012-0135-5. Collier, K. L., Bos, H. M., Merry, M., & Sandfort, T. G. M. (2012a). Gender, ethnicity, religiosity, and same-sex sexual attraction and the acceptance of same-sex sexuality and gender non-conformity. Sex Roles. doi: 10.​1007/​s11199-012-0135-5.
go back to reference Derogatis, L. R. (1993). The brief symptom inventory: Administration, scoring, and procedures manual. Minneapolis: National Computer Systems. Derogatis, L. R. (1993). The brief symptom inventory: Administration, scoring, and procedures manual. Minneapolis: National Computer Systems.
go back to reference Diamond, L. M., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2003). Gender and sexual identity. In R. M. Lerner, F. Jacobs, & D. Westlieb (Eds.), Handbook of applied developmental science (Vol. 1): Applying developmental science for youth and families, historical and theoretical foundations (pp. 101–121). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Diamond, L. M., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2003). Gender and sexual identity. In R. M. Lerner, F. Jacobs, & D. Westlieb (Eds.), Handbook of applied developmental science (Vol. 1): Applying developmental science for youth and families, historical and theoretical foundations (pp. 101–121). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Espelage, D. L., Aragon, S. R., Birkett, M., & Koenig, B. (2008). Homophobic teasing, psychological outcomes, and sexual orientation among high school students: What influence do parents and schools have? School Psychology Review, 37(2), 202–216. Espelage, D. L., Aragon, S. R., Birkett, M., & Koenig, B. (2008). Homophobic teasing, psychological outcomes, and sexual orientation among high school students: What influence do parents and schools have? School Psychology Review, 37(2), 202–216.
go back to reference Frisell, T., Lichtenstein, P., Rahman, Q., & Långström, N. (2010). Psychiatric morbidity associated with same-sex sexual behaviour: Influence of minority stress and familial factors. Psychological Medicine, 40(02), 315–324. doi: 10.​1017/​S003329170900599​6. PubMedCrossRef Frisell, T., Lichtenstein, P., Rahman, Q., & Långström, N. (2010). Psychiatric morbidity associated with same-sex sexual behaviour: Influence of minority stress and familial factors. Psychological Medicine, 40(02), 315–324. doi: 10.​1017/​S003329170900599​6. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hawker, D. S. J., & Boulton, M. J. (2000). Twenty years’ research on peer victimization and psychosocial maladjustment: A meta-analytic review of cross-sectional studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41(4), 441–455. doi: 10.​1111/​1469-7610.​00629. PubMedCrossRef Hawker, D. S. J., & Boulton, M. J. (2000). Twenty years’ research on peer victimization and psychosocial maladjustment: A meta-analytic review of cross-sectional studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41(4), 441–455. doi: 10.​1111/​1469-7610.​00629. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hofstede, G. (1998). Masculinity and femininity: The taboo dimension of national cultures. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Hofstede, G. (1998). Masculinity and femininity: The taboo dimension of national cultures. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Kerr, J. C., Valois, R. F., Huebner, E. S., & Drane, J. W. (2011). Life satisfaction and peer victimization among USA public high school adolescents. Child Indicators Research, 4(1), 127–144. doi: 10.​1007/​s12187-010-9078-y. CrossRef Kerr, J. C., Valois, R. F., Huebner, E. S., & Drane, J. W. (2011). Life satisfaction and peer victimization among USA public high school adolescents. Child Indicators Research, 4(1), 127–144. doi: 10.​1007/​s12187-010-9078-y. CrossRef
go back to reference Kowalski, R. M. (2004). Proneness to, perceptions of, and responses to teasing: The influence of both intrapersonal and interpersonal factors. European Journal of Personality, 18(4), 331–349. doi: 10.​1002/​per.​522. CrossRef Kowalski, R. M. (2004). Proneness to, perceptions of, and responses to teasing: The influence of both intrapersonal and interpersonal factors. European Journal of Personality, 18(4), 331–349. doi: 10.​1002/​per.​522. CrossRef
go back to reference McCormack, M. (2012). The declining significance of homophobia: How teenage boys are redefining masculinity and heterosexuality. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. CrossRef McCormack, M. (2012). The declining significance of homophobia: How teenage boys are redefining masculinity and heterosexuality. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference McGuire, J. K., Anderson, C. R., Toomey, R. B., & Russell, S. T. (2010). School climate for transgender youth: A mixed method investigation of student experiences and school responses. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39(10), 1175–1188. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-010-9540-7. PubMedCrossRef McGuire, J. K., Anderson, C. R., Toomey, R. B., & Russell, S. T. (2010). School climate for transgender youth: A mixed method investigation of student experiences and school responses. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39(10), 1175–1188. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-010-9540-7. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pascoe, C. J. (2007). Dude, you’re a fag. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Pascoe, C. J. (2007). Dude, you’re a fag. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
go back to reference Poteat, V. P. (2008). Contextual and moderating effects of the peer group climate on use of homophobic epithets. School Psychology Review, 37(2), 188–201. Poteat, V. P. (2008). Contextual and moderating effects of the peer group climate on use of homophobic epithets. School Psychology Review, 37(2), 188–201.
go back to reference Poteat, V. P., & Espelage, D. L. (2005). Exploring the relation between bullying and homophobic verbal content: The Homophobic Content Agent Target (HCAT) Scale. Violence and Victims, 20(5), 513–528. PubMed Poteat, V. P., & Espelage, D. L. (2005). Exploring the relation between bullying and homophobic verbal content: The Homophobic Content Agent Target (HCAT) Scale. Violence and Victims, 20(5), 513–528. PubMed
go back to reference Poteat, V. P., Espelage, D. L., & Koenig, B. W. (2009). Willingness to remain friends and attend school with lesbian and gay peers: Relational expressions of prejudice among heterosexual youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(7), 952–962. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-009-9416-x. PubMedCrossRef Poteat, V. P., Espelage, D. L., & Koenig, B. W. (2009). Willingness to remain friends and attend school with lesbian and gay peers: Relational expressions of prejudice among heterosexual youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(7), 952–962. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-009-9416-x. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Poteat, V. P., Mereish, E. H., Digiovanni, C. D., & Koenig, B. W. (2011). The effects of general and homophobic victimization on adolescents’ psychosocial and educational concerns: The importance of intersecting identities and parent support. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(4), 597–609. doi: 10.​1037/​a0025095. PubMedCrossRef Poteat, V. P., Mereish, E. H., Digiovanni, C. D., & Koenig, B. W. (2011). The effects of general and homophobic victimization on adolescents’ psychosocial and educational concerns: The importance of intersecting identities and parent support. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(4), 597–609. doi: 10.​1037/​a0025095. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sandfort, T. G. M., Bos, H. M. W., Collier, K. L., & Metselaar, M. (2010). School environment and the mental health of sexual minority youths: A study among Dutch young adolescents. American Journal of Public Health, 100(9), 1696–1700. doi: 10.​2105/​Ajph.​2009.​183095. PubMedCrossRef Sandfort, T. G. M., Bos, H. M. W., Collier, K. L., & Metselaar, M. (2010). School environment and the mental health of sexual minority youths: A study among Dutch young adolescents. American Journal of Public Health, 100(9), 1696–1700. doi: 10.​2105/​Ajph.​2009.​183095. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Waldo, C. R., Hesson-McInnis, M. S., & D’Augelli, A. R. (1998). Antecedents and consequences of victimization of lesbian, gay, and bisexual young people: A structural model comparing rural university and urban samples. American Journal of Community Psychology, 26(2), 307–334. doi: 10.​1023/​A:​1022184704174. PubMedCrossRef Waldo, C. R., Hesson-McInnis, M. S., & D’Augelli, A. R. (1998). Antecedents and consequences of victimization of lesbian, gay, and bisexual young people: A structural model comparing rural university and urban samples. American Journal of Community Psychology, 26(2), 307–334. doi: 10.​1023/​A:​1022184704174. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Williams, T., Connolly, J., Pepler, D., & Craig, W. (2005). Peer victimization, social support, and psychosocial adjustment of sexual minority adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(5), 471–482. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-005-7264-x. CrossRef Williams, T., Connolly, J., Pepler, D., & Craig, W. (2005). Peer victimization, social support, and psychosocial adjustment of sexual minority adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(5), 471–482. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-005-7264-x. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Homophobic Name-Calling Among Secondary School Students and Its Implications for Mental Health
Auteurs
Kate L. Collier
Henny M. W. Bos
Theo G. M. Sandfort
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 3/2013
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-012-9823-2