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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2012

01-10-2012 | Letter to the Editor

‘History and First Descriptions’ of Autism: A response to Michael Fitzgerald

Auteur: Nick Chown

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 10/2012

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Abstract

Letter to the editor in response to Michael Fitzgerald’s controversial allegation that one of the two pioneers of autism—Leo Kanner—may have been influenced by an earlier paper by the other autism pioneer—Hans Asperger—without acknowledging the debt, and that Kanner may even have been guilty of plagiarising Asperger. In correspondence, Professor Fitzgerald has suggested that I “consider doing my take on the matter”. This is it.
Voetnoten
1
Lyons and Fitzgerald, referring to a paper published by Schirmer in Germany in 2002, state that “Asperger gave a lecture in the Vienna University Hospital on October 3, 1938 describing the characteristics of ‘autistic psychopathy’ based on his case studies” (Lyons and Fitzgerald 2007, p. 2022).
 
2
I think Quayson refers to Asperger, not Kanner (or both), because he considers Beckett to have had Asperger’s syndrome; I don’t think he is taking sides in the ‘who came first, Asperger or Kanner’ debate!
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Asperger, H. (1938). Das psychisch abnormale kind. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, 51, 1314–1317. Asperger, H. (1938). Das psychisch abnormale kind. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, 51, 1314–1317.
go back to reference Asperger, H. (1944). ‘Autistic psychopathy’ in childhood. In Frith, U. (Ed.) Autism and Asperger syndrome. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Asperger, H. (1944). ‘Autistic psychopathy’ in childhood. In Frith, U. (Ed.) Autism and Asperger syndrome. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Feinstein, A. (2010). A history of autism: Conversations with the pioneers. London: Blackwell. CrossRef Feinstein, A. (2010). A history of autism: Conversations with the pioneers. London: Blackwell. CrossRef
go back to reference Fitzgerald, M. (2008a). Autism: Asperger’s syndrome—History and first descriptions, In J. L. Rausch, M. E. Johnson, & M. F. Casanova (Eds.), Asperger’s disorder. New York: Informa Healthcare. Fitzgerald, M. (2008a). Autism: Asperger’s syndrome—History and first descriptions, In J. L. Rausch, M. E. Johnson, & M. F. Casanova (Eds.), Asperger’s disorder. New York: Informa Healthcare.
go back to reference Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250. Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250.
go back to reference Lyons, V., & Fitzgerald, M. (2007). Asperger (1906–1980) and Kanner (1894–1981), the two pioneers of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 2022–2023. PubMedCrossRef Lyons, V., & Fitzgerald, M. (2007). Asperger (1906–1980) and Kanner (1894–1981), the two pioneers of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 2022–2023. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Quayson, A. (2010). Autism, narrative, and emotions: On Samuel Beckett’s Murphy. University of Toronto Quarterly, 79(2), 838–864. CrossRef Quayson, A. (2010). Autism, narrative, and emotions: On Samuel Beckett’s Murphy. University of Toronto Quarterly, 79(2), 838–864. CrossRef
go back to reference Skuse, D. H. (2011). The extraordinary political world of autism. Brain, 134(8), 2436–2439. CrossRef Skuse, D. H. (2011). The extraordinary political world of autism. Brain, 134(8), 2436–2439. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
‘History and First Descriptions’ of Autism: A response to Michael Fitzgerald
Auteur
Nick Chown
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 10/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1529-5

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