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Gepubliceerd in: Neuropraxis 6/2019

18-10-2019 | Artikel

Het effect van alcoholinname op empathische accuratesse

Auteurs: Freya Thiel, Marije aan het Rot

Gepubliceerd in: Neuropraxis | Uitgave 6/2019

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Samenvatting

Alcoholinname wordt in verband gebracht met interpersoonlijke effecten, waaronder die op empathie. Echter, de effecten op empathische accuratesse (EA) werden niet eerder bestudeerd. EA is het vermogen om iemands emoties nauwkeurig te beoordelen door deze af te leiden uit iemands verbale en non-verbale gedrag. Aan onze gerandomiseerde, dubbelblinde studie namen 54 mannelijke sociale drinkers deel, met uiteenlopende scores op de Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). De deelnemers dronken een matige dosis alcohol of een placebo, waarna hun EA werd bepaald door hen 16 video’s te laten zien van personen die over positieve en negatieve autobiografische gebeurtenissen vertelden, en hen tijdens het kijken te laten beoordelen hoe deze personen zich voelden. Allen deelnemers met lagere AUDIT-scores in de alcoholgroep waren minder empathisch accuraat tijdens positieve video’s dan vergelijkbare deelnemers in de placebogroep. Onze resultaten geven aan dat alcoholinname een negatief effect kan hebben op EA voor positieve emoties, namelijk bij mannen die geen riskant alcoholgebruik vertonen en dus weinig risico lopen op een alcoholverslaving. Een door alcohol veroorzaakte verminderde EA voor positieve emoties kan duiden op een positieve vertekening tijdens interpersoonlijke interacties. Deze interpretatie sluit aan bij het beeld van alcohol als ‘sociaal glijmiddel’.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Het effect van alcoholinname op empathische accuratesse
Auteurs
Freya Thiel
Marije aan het Rot
Publicatiedatum
18-10-2019
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Neuropraxis / Uitgave 6/2019
Print ISSN: 1387-5817
Elektronisch ISSN: 1876-5785
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12474-019-00235-1