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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 4/2021

08-01-2021 | Original Article

Heightened Sense of Incompleteness in Excoriation (Skin-Picking) Disorder

Auteurs: Emily J. Ricketts, Ívar Snorrason, Abel S. Mathew, Erna Sigurvinsdottir, Ragnar P. Ólafsson, Douglas W. Woods, Han-Joo Lee

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 4/2021

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Abstract

Background

Excoriation (Skin-Picking) Disorder (SPD) is characterized by repetitive skin picking resulting in tissue damage. This study examined associations between the tendency to experience a sense of incompleteness (henceforth trait incompleteness) and pathological skin picking across two studies.

Methods

In study 1, undergraduate students (n = 481) completed self-report measures of skin picking severity, trait incompleteness, perfectionism, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and negative affect (i.e., depression, anxiety). In study 2, undergraduate students with a diagnosis of SPD (n = 61) and a control group without SPD (n = 63) rated skin picking severity, trait incompleteness, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and negative affect (i.e., depression, anxiety, and stress).

Results

In study 1, linear regression showed that trait incompleteness significantly predicted skin picking severity, after controlling for other variables. In study 2, logistic regression showed trait incompleteness significantly predicted SPD diagnosis, after controlling for other variables. There was no significant correlation between incompleteness and symptom severity within the SPD group.

Conclusions

The results indicate a robust association between SPD and trait incompleteness. More research is needed to establish whether trait incompleteness may represent a vulnerability factor underlying SPD, or if skin picking leads to susceptibility to trait incompleteness.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Heightened Sense of Incompleteness in Excoriation (Skin-Picking) Disorder
Auteurs
Emily J. Ricketts
Ívar Snorrason
Abel S. Mathew
Erna Sigurvinsdottir
Ragnar P. Ólafsson
Douglas W. Woods
Han-Joo Lee
Publicatiedatum
08-01-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 4/2021
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10201-5

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