Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Cognitive reactivity—the tendency to think negatively in response to a sad mood—is an important predictor of depression vulnerability. The current study examined whether heart rate variability, a physiological index of emotion regulation capacity, predicts individual differences in cognitive reactivity. Heart rate variability in the high frequency spectrum was assessed during a 5-min rest period among a sample of healthy, female adults (N = 67). Participants then completed an assessment of dysfunctional attitudes before and after watching a movie designed to elicit a sad mood. Lower heart rate variability was associated with greater change in dysfunctional attitudes. This relationship persisted after controlling for (a) current depressive symptoms and history of depressive disorder, and (b) other physiological indices, including resting skin conductance, respiration, and heart rate. Findings suggest that low physiological capacity to regulate emotions may contribute to depression vulnerability via increased cognitive reactivity.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Baxter, L. R., Jr., Schwartz, J. M., Phelps, M. E., Mazziotta, J. C., Guze, B. H., Selin, C. E., et al. (1989). Reduction of prefrontal cortex glucose metabolism common to three types of depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 46, 243–250. PubMed
Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Beck depression inventory: Manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Garbin, M. G. (1988). Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory: Twenty-five years of evaluation. Clinical Psychology Review, 8, 77–100. CrossRef
Beevers, C. G., & Carver, C. S. (2003). Attentional bias and mood persistence as prospective predictors of dysphoria. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27, 619–637. CrossRef
Beevers, C. G., Scott, W. D., McGeary, C., & McGeary, J. E. (in press). Negative cognitive response to a sad mood induction: Associations with polymorphisms of the serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR) gene. Cognition & Emotion.
Byrne, E. A., Slater, B. A., & Porges, S. W. (1991). Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (V) is stable over a 3-week period in adults. Psychophysiology, 28, (Suppl. 15).
Cannon, D. S., Tiffany, S. T., Coon, H., Scholand, M. B., McMahon, W. M., & Leppert, M. F. (2007). The PHQ-9 as a brief assessment of lifetime major depression. Psychological Assessment, 19(2), 247–251.
Dozois, D. J. A., Dobson, K. S., & Ahnberg, J. L. (1998). A psychometric evaluation of the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Psychological Assessment, 10, 83–89. CrossRef
Drevets, W. C. (2003). Neuroimaging abnormalities in the amygdala in mood disorders. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 985, 420–444. CrossRef
Drevets, W. C., Videen, T. O., Price, J. L., Preskorn, S. H., Carmichael, S. T., & Raichle, M. E. (1992). A functional anatomical study of unipolar depression. Journal of Neuroscience, 12, 3628–3641. PubMed
Fracasso, M. P., Porges, S. W., Lamb, M. E., & Rosenberg, A. A. (1994). Cardiac activity in infancy: Reliability and stability of individual differences. Infant Behavior and Development, 17, 277–284. CrossRef
Gianaros, P. J., Van der Veen, F. M., & Jennings, J. R. (2004). Regional cerebral blood flow correlates with heart period and high-frequency heart period variability during working-memory tasks: Implications for the cortical and subcortical regulation of cardiac autonomic activity. Psychophysiology, 41, 521–530. PubMedCrossRef
Gross, J. J., & Levenson, R. W. (1995). Emotion elicitation using films. Cognition and Emotion, 9, 87–108. CrossRef
Grubbs, F. E. (1950). Sample criteria for testing outlying observations. Annals of Mathmatics and Statistics, 21, 27–58. CrossRef
Ingram, R. E., Miranda, J., & Segal, Z. V. (1998). Cognitive vulnerability to depression. New York, NY: Guilford.
Lane, R. D., Reiman, E. M., Ahern, G. L., & Thayer, J. F. (2001). Activity in medial prefrontal cortex correlates with vagal component of heart rate variability during emotion. Brain and Cognition, 47, 97–100.
Lauritsen, J., & Bruus, M. (2008). Epidata Entry (Version 2.1): A comprehensive tool for validated entry and documentation of data. Odense, Denmark: The EpiData Association.
Mayberg, H. S., Liotti, M., Brannan, S. K., McGinnis, S., Mahurin, R. K., Jerabek, P. A., et al. (1999). Reciprocal Limbic-Cortical Function and Negative Mood: Converging PET Findings in Depression and Normal Sadness. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 675–682. PubMed
McNair, D. M., Lorr, M., & Droppleman, L. F. (1992). Edits manual for the profile of mood states (POMS). San Diego, CA: Educational and industrial testing service.
Miranda, J., Gross, J. J., Persons, J. B., & Hahn, J. (1998). Mood matters: Negative mood induction activates dysfunctional attitudes in women vulnerable to depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 22, 363–376. CrossRef
Spitzer, R. L., Kroenke, K., Williams, J. B. W., & The Patient Health Questionnaire Primary Care Study Group. (1999). Validation and utility of a self-report version of PRIME-MD: The PHQ primary care study. Journal of the American Medical Association, 282, 1737–1744. CrossRef
Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electophysiology. (1996). Heart rate variability: Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use. European Heart Journal, 17, 354–381.
Weissman, A. (1979). Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale: A validation study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation: University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
- Heart Rate Variability Predicts Cognitive Reactivity to a Sad Mood Provocation
Christopher G. Beevers
Alissa J. Ellis
Ryan M. Reid
- Springer US