Health-related quality of life and its associated factors among patients with angina in Jordan
Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 4/2020Log in om toegang te krijgen
Despite the negative impact of angina and its worsening symptoms on the quality of life of the affected patients, little research has evaluated the factors associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among patients with angina.
The study aim was to evaluate HRQOL and to explore factors associated with poor HRQOL in patients with angina in Jordan.
The present study used data collected for patients attending the cardiology clinic at the Royal Medical Services (RMS) Hospital in Amman.
In addition to collecting sociodemographic and clinical data, the EQ-5D questionnaire was used to assess HRQOL in outpatients with angina in the present study. Multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to build a model with variables that are significantly and independently associated with poor HRQOL.
Main outcome measure
HRQOL quantified using the EQ-5D.
The mean of the total EQ-5D score of the 500 participants was 0.392. Most of the patients reported ‘some problems’ through the five dimensions, with the highest percentage (66.6%) related to mobility domain. Regression analysis identified female gender (B = − 0.232; P < 0.05) elevated fasting blood sugar (FBS) (P < 0.05; B = − 0.219), and low high density lipoprotein (HDL) (B = − 0.183; P < 0.05) as being significantly associated with poor HRQOL.
The HRQOL has considerable scope for improvement for patients with angina in Jordan. Female gender, elevated FBS, and decreased HDL levels were significantly associated with poor HRQoL in the present study.