Epilepsy is a global public health problem that causes a profound physical, psychological and social consequences. However, as such evidence in our country is limited, this study aimed to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and associated factors among patients with epilepsy.
An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 370 patients with epilepsy. The Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory-31 (QOLIE-31) was used to measure HRQOL. Multiple linear regression was fitted to assess the association between HRQOL and the independent variables, and a P-value < 0.05 and a 95% confidence interval were used to declare statistical significance.
More than 55% of the participants were male, and the mean age of the participants was 29.64 (11.09) years. The overall HRQOL score was 55.81 (14.00). The scale scores ranged from 46.50 (15.55) to 64.98 (19.43). Out of the seven scales, the energy scale score was the lowest. Frequency of seizure, anxiety, depression, perceived stigma and adverse drug event were negatively associated with HRQOL, whereas social support had a significant positive association.
This study revealed that the HRQOL of patients was low and that its energy and emotional scales were the most affected. The presence of depression, anxiety and stigma adversely affected patient HRQOL. Therefore, healthcare professionals should be aware of the emotional state of the role it plays for HRQOL. Interventions aimed at reducing psychosocial problems and stigmatization are also needed to improve the patient HRQOL.