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01-06-2010 | Uitgave 5/2010 Open Access

Quality of Life Research 5/2010

Health-related quality of life after fast-track treatment results from a randomized controlled clinical equivalence trial

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 5/2010
Auteurs:
Ghislaine A. P. G. van Mastrigt, Manuela A. Joore, Fred H. M. Nieman, Johan L. Severens, Jos G. Maessen

Abstract

Purpose

This randomized clinical equivalence trial was designed to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after fast-track treatment for low-risk coronary artery bypass (CABG) patients.

Methods

Four hundred and ten CABG patients were randomly assigned to undergo either short-stay intensive care treatment (SSIC, 8 h of intensive care stay) or control treatment (care as usual, overnight intensive care stay). HRQoL was measured at baseline and 1 month, and one year after surgery using the multidimensional index of life quality (MILQ), the EQ-5D, the Beck Depression Inventory and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.

Results

At one month after surgery, no statistically significant difference in overall HRQoL was found (MILQ-score P-value = .508, overall MILQ-index P-value = .543, EQ-5D VAS P-value = .593). The scores on the MILQ-domains, physical, and social functioning were significantly higher at one month postoperatively in the SSIC group compared to the control group (P-value = .049; 95%CI: 0.01–2.50 and P-value = .014, 95% CI: 0.24–2.06, respectively). However, these differences were no longer observed at long-term follow-up.

Conclusions

According to our definition of clinical equivalence, the HRQoL of SSIC patients is similar to patients receiving care as usual. Since safety and the financial benefits of this intervention were demonstrated in a previously reported analysis, SSIC can be considered as an adequate fast-track intensive care treatment option for low-risk CABG patients.

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