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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1-2/2023

30-05-2022

Has the COVID-19 pandemic affected general vaccination hesitancy? Findings from a national study

Auteurs: Annie-Laurie McRee, DrPH, Amy L. Gower, PhD, Dale E. Kiss, Paul L. Reiter, PhD

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 1-2/2023

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Abstract

Extensive media coverage and potential controversy about COVID-19 vaccination during the pandemic may have affected people’s general attitudes towards vaccination. We sought to describe key psychological antecedents related to vaccination and assess how these vary temporally in relationship to the pandemic and availability of COVID-19 vaccination. As part of an ongoing online study, we recruited a national (U.S.) sample of young gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (N = 1,227) between October 2019 and June 2021, and assessed the “4Cs” (antecedents of vaccination; range = 1–5). Overall, men had high levels of confidence (trust in vaccines; M = 4.13), calculation (deliberation; M = 3.97) and collective responsibility (protecting others; M = 4.05) and low levels of complacency (not perceiving disease risk; M = 1.72). In multivariable analyses, confidence and collective responsibility varied relative to the pandemic phase/vaccine availability, reflecting greater hesitancy during later stages of the pandemic. Antecedents also varied by demographic characteristics. Findings suggest negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on key antecedents of general vaccination and identify potential targets for interventions.
Literatuur
go back to reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Ten great public health achievements–United States, 2001–2010. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 60(19), 619–623 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Ten great public health achievements–United States, 2001–2010. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 60(19), 619–623
go back to reference National Foundation for Infectious Diseases. (2020). Issue Brief: The Impact of COVID-19 on US Vaccination Rates. NFID website National Foundation for Infectious Diseases. (2020). Issue Brief: The Impact of COVID-19 on US Vaccination Rates. NFID website
go back to reference Reiter, P. L., Gower, A. L., Kiss, D. E., Malone, M. A., Katz, M. L., Bauermeister, J. A., & McRee, A. L. (2020). A Web-Based Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Intervention for Young Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex With Men: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Res Protoc, 9(2), e16294. doi:https://doi.org/10.2196/16294CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Reiter, P. L., Gower, A. L., Kiss, D. E., Malone, M. A., Katz, M. L., Bauermeister, J. A., & McRee, A. L. (2020). A Web-Based Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Intervention for Young Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex With Men: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Res Protoc, 9(2), e16294. doi:https://​doi.​org/​10.​2196/​16294CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Metagegevens
Titel
Has the COVID-19 pandemic affected general vaccination hesitancy? Findings from a national study
Auteurs
Annie-Laurie McRee, DrPH
Amy L. Gower, PhD
Dale E. Kiss
Paul L. Reiter, PhD
Publicatiedatum
30-05-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 1-2/2023
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-022-00298-2

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