Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Since the advent of social networking site (SNS) technologies, adolescents’ use of these technologies has expanded and is now a primary way of communicating with and acquiring information about others in their social network. Overall, adolescents and young adults’ stated motivations for using SNSs are quite similar to more traditional forms of communication—to stay in touch with friends, make plans, get to know people better, and present oneself to others. We begin with a summary of theories that describe the role of SNSs in adolescents’ interpersonal relationships, as well as common methodologies used in this field of research thus far. Then, with the social changes that occur throughout adolescence as a backdrop, we address the ways in which SNSs intersect with key tasks of adolescent psychosocial development, specifically peer affiliation and friendship quality, as well as identity development. Evidence suggests that SNSs differentially relate to adolescents’ social connectivity and identity development, with sociability, self-esteem, and nature of SNS feedback as important potential moderators. We synthesize current findings, highlight unanswered questions, and recommend both methodological and theoretical directions for future research.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abram, C. (September 26, 2006). “Welcome to Facebook, everyone”. The Facebook Blog.
Bazelon, E. (2013). Sticks and stones: Defeating the culture of bullying and rediscovering the power of character and empathy. New York: Random House.
Brown, J. (2008). Managing the media monster: The influence of media (from television to text messages) on teen sexual behavior and attitudes. Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy.
Brown, B., & Larson, J. (2009). Peer relationships in adolescence. In R. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (3rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 74–103). New York: Wiley.
Chubb, P. (2010). Facebook dethrones MySpace: New 2010 statistics. Retrieved from http://www.product-reviews.net/2010/11/21/facebook-dethrones-myspace-new-2010-statistics/.
Collins, W. A., & Steinberg, L. (2006). Adolescent development in interpersonal context. In: W. Damon and R. Lerner (Ser. Eds.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.). Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp.1003–1067). New York: Wiley.
Davison, K. P., Pennebaker, J. W., & Dickerson, S. S. (2000). Who talks? The social psychology of illness support groups. American Psychologist, 55(2), 205–217. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10717968.
Ellison, N., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook ‘friends’: Exploring the relationship between college students’ use of online social networks and social capital. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(4), 1143–1168. doi: 10.1111/j.10836101.2007.00367.x. CrossRef
Ellison, N.B., Steinfield, C. & Lampe, C. (2011). Connection Strategies: Social capital implications of Facebook-enabled communication practices. New Media & Society.
Guynn, J. & Faughnder, R. (2012). Some teens aren’t liking Facebook as much as older users. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com.
Huffaker, D. A., & Calvert, S. L. (2005). Gender, identity, and language use in teenage blogs. Journal of Computer- Mediated Communication, 10(2), article 1. doi: 10.1111/j.1083-6101.2005.tb00238.x.
Institute of Medicine (2010). The science of adolescent risk-taking Summary of a workshop. Workshop Highlights. Retrieved from: http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2010/The-Science-of-Adolescent-Risk-Taking/Adolescent%20Risk%202010%20Highlights.pdf.
Kaiser Family Foundation (2010). Total media exposure, by age. Media and Health. Retrieved from: http://facts.kff.org/chart.aspx?ch=1368.
Larson, R., Wilson, S., Brown, B. B., Furstenberg, F. F., & Verma, S. (2002). Changes in adolescents’ interpersonal experiences: Are they being prepared for adult relationships in the twenty-first century? Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12(1), 31–68. CrossRef
Lenhart, A. (2009). Teens and mobile phones over the past five years: Pew Internet looks back. Pew Internet and American Life Project. 1–17. Retrieved from: http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2007/Social-Networking-Websites-and-Teens.aspx.
Lenhart, A. (2012). Teens, smartphones, and texting. Pew Internet and American Life Project. 1–34. Retrieved from: http://pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2012/PIP_Teens_Smartphones_and_Texting.pdf.
Lenhart, A., Ling, R., Campbell, S., & Purcell, K. (2010). Teens and mobile phones. Pew Internet and American Life Project. 1–94. Retrieved from: http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2010/Teens-and-Mobile-Phones.aspx.
Lenhart, A. & Madden, M. (2007). Social networking websites and teens. Pew Internet and American Life Project. 1–10.
Locke, J. (1998). The de-voicing of society: Why we don’t talk to each other anymore. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Punamaki, R., Wallenius, M., Holtto, H., Nygard, C., & Rimpela, A. (2009). The associations between information and communication technology (ICT) and peer and parent relations in early adolescence. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 33(6), 556–564. doi: 10.1177/0165025409343828. CrossRef
Punamaki, R., Wallenius, M., Nygard, C., Saarni, L., & Rimpela, A. (2007). Use of information and communication technology (ICT) and perceived health in adolescence: The role of sleeping habits and waking-time tiredness. Journal of Adolescence, 30, 569–585. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2006.07.004. PubMedCrossRef
Silenzio, V. M., Duberstein, P. R., Tang, W., Lu, N., Tu, X., & Homan, C. M. (2009). Connecting the invisible dots: Reaching lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents and young adults at risk for suicide through online social networks. Social Science and Medicine, 69, 469–474. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.05.029. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
That Facebook friend might be 10 years old, and other troubling news. (2011, June). Consumer Reports Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/magazine-archive/2011/june/electronics-computers/state-of-the-net/facebook-concerns/index.htm.
Thomaes, S., Reijntjes, A., Orobio de Castro, B., Bushman, B. J., Poorthuis, A., & Telch, M. J. (2010). I like me if you like me: On the interpersonal modulation and regulation of preadolescents’ state self-esteem. Child Development, 81(3), 811–825. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01435.x. PubMedCrossRef
Valkenburg, P. M., Peter, J., & Schouten, A. P. (2006). Friend networking sites and their relationship to adolescents’ well-being and social self-esteem. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 9(5), 584–590. CrossRef
Van den Bulck, J. (2007). Adolescent use of mobile phones for calling and for sending text messages after lights out: Results from a prospective cohort study with a one-year follow- up. Sleep, 30(9), 1220–1223. PubMed
Yen, J., Ko, C., Yen, C., Wu, H., & Yang, M. (2007). The comorbid psychiatric symptoms of Internet addiction: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, social phobia, and hostility. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41(1), 93–98. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.02.002. PubMedCrossRef
Zeldin, R. S., Small, S. A., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (1982). Prosocial interactions in two mixed-sex adolescent groups. Child Development, 53, 1491–1498. CrossRef
- Growing Up Wired: Social Networking Sites and Adolescent Psychosocial Development
Lauren A. Spies Shapiro
- Springer US