Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Gross motor development (supine, prone, rolling, sitting, crawling, walking) and movement abnormalities were examined in the home videos of infants later diagnosed with autism (regression and no regression subgroups), developmental delays (DD), or typical development. Group differences in maturity were found for walking, prone, and supine, with the DD and Autism-No Regression groups both showing later developing motor maturity than typical children. The only statistically significant differences in movement abnormalities were in the DD group; the two autism groups did not differ from the typical group in rates of movement abnormalities or lack of protective responses. These findings do not replicate previous investigations suggesting that early motor abnormalities seen on home video can assist in early identification of autism.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edition, text revision. Washington DC: Author.
Damasio, A. R., & Maurer, R. G. (1978). A neurological model for childhood autism. Archives of Neurology, 35, 777–786. PubMed
Hallett, M., Lebiedowska, M. K., Thomas, S. L., Stanhope, S. J., Denckla, M. B., & Rumsey, J. (1993). Locomotion of autistic adults. Archives of Neurology, 50, 1304–1308. PubMed
Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (2002). Autism diagnostic observation schedule manual. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Minshew, N. J., Sung, K., Jones, B. L., & Furman, J. M. (2004). Underdevelopment of the postural control system in autism. Neurology, 63, 2056–2061. PubMed
Morin, B., & Reid, G. (1985). A quantitative and qualitative assessment of autistic individuals on selected motor tasks. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 2, 43–55.
Mullen, E. M. (1995). Mullen scales of early learning. Circle Pines, MN: AGS.
Page, J., & Boucher, J. (1998). Motor impairments in children with autistic disorder. Child Language and Teaching Therapy, 14, 233–259. CrossRef
Provost, B., Lopez, B. R., & Heimerl, S. (2006). A comparison of motor delays in young children: Autism spectrum disorder, developmental delay, and developmental concerns. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 321–328. CrossRef
Rimland, B. (1964). Infantile autism: The syndrome and its implications for a neural theory of behavior. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Sparrow, S. S., Balla, D. A., & Cicchetti, D. (1984). Vineland adaptive behavior scales. Circle Pines, MN: AGS.
Teitelbaum, O., Benton, T., Shah, P. V., Prince, A., Kelly, J. K., & Teitelbaum, P. (2004). Eshkol-Wachman movement notation in diagnosis: The early detection of Asperger syndrome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101, 11909–11914. CrossRef
Teitelbaum, P., Teitelbaum, O., Nye, J., Fryman, J., & Maurer, R. G. (1998). Movement analysis in infancy may be useful for early diagnosis of autism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 95, 13982–13987. CrossRef
Vilensky, J. A., Damasio, A. R., & Maurer, R. G. (1981). Gait disturbance in patients with autistic behavior: A preliminary study. Archives of Neurology, 38, 646–649. PubMed
Yirmiya, N., Gamliel, I., Pilowsky, T., Feldman, R., Baron-Cohen, S., & Sigman, M. (2006). The development of siblings of children with autism at 4 and 14 months: Social engagement, communication, and cognition. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 47, 511–523. CrossRef
Yirmiya, N., & Ozonoff, S. (2007). The very early phenotype of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 1–11. CrossRef
- Gross Motor Development, Movement Abnormalities, and Early Identification of Autism
Gregory S. Young
Adriana M. Herrera
Sally J. Rogers
- Springer US