Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Relationships between work goal appraisals and depressive symptoms were investigated in a 2-wave study of health care employees spanning a 2-year period. Cross-lagged models were tested and compared in structural equation modeling analyses. The results suggest that the direction of longitudinal relationships between work goal appraisals and depressive symptoms may depend on the nature of the appraisals. In the best-fitting model, goal self-efficacy cognitions predicted depressive symptoms 2 years later. This finding supports cognitive/self-regulatory theories positing that dysfunctional cognitions form a vulnerability factor in the etiology of depressive symptoms. On the other hand, we found no evidence that depressive symptoms predicted goal cognitions. Instead, depressive symptoms were associated with goal-related emotions two years later, suggesting that depressive symptoms may lead over time to greater negative emotional arousal. Implications for depression theory and goal research are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abramson, L. Y., Alloy, L. B., Hankin, B. L., Haeffel, G. J., MacCoon, D. G., & Gibb, B. E. (2002). Cognitive vulnerability-stress models of depression in a self-regulatory, psychobiological context. In I. H. Gotlib (Eds.), Handbook of depression (pp. 268–294). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Abramson, L. Y., Metalsky, G. I., & Alloy, L. B. (1989). Hopelessness depression: a theory-based subtype of depression. Psychological Review, 96, 358–372. CrossRef
Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., Whitehouse, W. G., Hogan, M. E., Tashman, N. A., Steinberg, D. L., Rose, D. T., & Donovan, P. (1999). Depressogenic cognitive styles: predictive validity, information processing and personality characteristics, and developmental origins. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, 503–531. PubMedCrossRef
Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modelling in practice: a review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103, 411–423. CrossRef
Arindell, W. A., & Ettema, J. H. M. (1986). Symptom checklist-90, SCL-90, een multidimensionele psychopathologie-indicator, handleiding [Symptom Checklist-90, SCL-90, a multidimensional psychopathology-indicator, manual]. Lisse, the Netherlands: Swets Test Services.
Bandura, A. (1991). Social cognitive theory of self-regulation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 248–287. CrossRef
Beck, A. T. (1987). Cognitive models of depression. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 1, 5–37.
Beevers, C. G., & Meyer, B. (2002). Lack of positive experiences and positive expectancies mediate the relationship between BAS responsiveness and depression. Cognition and Emotion, 16, 549–564. CrossRef
Beevers, C. G., & Miller, I. W. (2004). Depression-related negative cognition: Mood-state and trait dependent properties. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 293–307. CrossRef
Bentler, P. M., & Bonett, D. G. (1980). Significance tests and goodness of fit in the analysis of covariance structures. Psychological Bulletin, 88, 588–606. CrossRef
Blaney, P. H. (1986). Affect and memory: A review. Psychological Bulletin, 107, 229–246. CrossRef
Derogatis, L. R. (1983). SCL-90-R: administration, scoring and procedures manual-II (2nd ed.). Baltimore: Clinical Psychometric Research.
Doerfler, L. A., & Aron, J. (1995). Relationship of goal setting, self-efficacy, and self-evaluation in dysphoric and socially anxious women. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 19, 725–738. CrossRef
Dormann, C., & Zapf, D. (2002). Social stressors at work, irritation, and depressive symptoms: accounting for unmeasured third variables in a multi-wave study. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 75, 33–58. CrossRef
Dykman, B. M., Abramson, L. Y., Alloy, L. B., & Hartlage, S. (1989). Processing of ambiguous and unambiguous feedback by depressed and nondepressed college students schematic biases and their implications for depressive realism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 431–445. PubMedCrossRef
Ford, M. E. (1992). Motivating humans: goals, emotions, and personal agency beliefs. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Gendolla, G. H. E. (2000). On the impact of mood on behavior: an integrative theory and a review. Review of General Psychology, 4, 378–408. CrossRef
Houkes, I., Janssen, P. P. M., De Jonge, J., & Bakker, A. B. (2003). Specific determinants of intrinsic work motivation, emotional exhaustion and turnover intention: A multisample longitudinal study. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 76, 427–450. CrossRef
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modelling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef
Jimmieson, N. L. (2000). Employee reactions to behavioural control under conditions of stress: The moderating role of self-efficacy. Work and Stress, 14, 262–280. CrossRef
Karoly, P. (1993). Mechanisms of self-regulation: A systems view. Annual Review of Psychology, 44, 23–52. CrossRef
Karoly, P., & Ruehlman, L. S. (1995). Goal cognition and its clinical implications: Development and preliminary validation of four motivational assessment instruments. Assessment, 2, 113–129. CrossRef
Kavanagh, D. J. (1992). Self-efficacy and depression. In R. Schwarzer (Eds.), Self-efficacy: thought control of action (pp. 177–193). Washington, DC: Hemisphere Publishing Corp.
Kavanagh, D. J., & Bower, G. H. (1985). Mood and self-efficacy: Impact of joy and sadness on perceived capabilities. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 9, 507–525. CrossRef
Lavallee, L. F., & Campbell, J. D. (1995). Impact of personal goals on self-regulation processes elicited by daily negative events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 341–352. CrossRef
Lecci, L., Okun, M. A., & Karoly, P. (1994). Life regrets and current goals as predictors of psychological adjustment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 731–741. CrossRef
Meyer, B., Beevers, C. G., & Johnson, S. L. (2004). Goal appraisals and vulnerability to bipolar disorder: A personal projects analysis. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 173–182. CrossRef
Nurmi, J.-E. (1992). Age differences in adult life goals, concerns, and their temporal extension: A life course approach to future-oriented motivation. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 15, 487–508.
Ormel, J., Kempen, G. I. J. M., Penninx, B. W. J. H., Brilman, E. I., Beekman, A. T. F., & van Sonderen, E. (1997). Chronic medical conditions and mental health in older people: Disability and psychosocial resources mediate specific mental health effects. Psychological Medicine, 27, 1065–1077. PubMedCrossRef
Parkes, K. R., & Von Rabenau, C. (1993). Work characteristics and well-being among psychiatric health-care staff. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 3, 243–259.
Peeters, M. C. W., de Jonge, J., Janssen, P. P. M., & van der Linden S. (2004). Work-home interference, job stressors, and employee health in a longitudinal perspective. International Journal of Stress Management, 11, 305–322. CrossRef
Qian, M., Wang, A., & Chen, Z. (2002). A comparison of classmate and self-evaluation of dysphoric and nondysphoric Chinese students. Cognition and Emotion, 16, 565–576. CrossRef
Raykov, T., & Marcoulides, G. A. (2000). A first course in structural equation modelling. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Rehm, L. P. (1977). A self-control theory of depression. Behavior Therapy, 8, 787–804. CrossRef
Salmela-Aro, K., & Nurmi, J.-E. (1996). Depressive symptoms and personal project appraisals: A cross-lagged longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences, 21, 373–381. CrossRef
Saltzman, K. M., & Holahan, C. J. (2002). Social support, self-efficacy, and depressive symptoms: An integrative model. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 21, 309–322. CrossRef
Segal, Z. V., & Ingram, R. E. (1994). Mood priming and construct activation in tests of cognitive vulnerability to unipolar depression. Clinical Psychology Review, 14, 663–695. CrossRef
Simons, A. D., Garfield, S. L., & Murphy, G. E. (1984). The process of change in cognitive therapy and pharmacotherapy for depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 45–51. PubMed
Street, H. (2002). Exploring relationships between goal setting, goal pursuit and depression: a review. Australian Psychologist, 37, 95–103. CrossRef
Teasdale, J. D. (1983). Negative thinking in depression: Cause, effect, or reciprocal relationship? Advanced Behavior Research and Therapy, 5, 3–25. CrossRef
Tekleab, A. G., Takeuchi, R., & Taylor, S. M. (2005). Extending the chain of relationships among organizational justice, social exchange, and employee reactions: The role of contract violations. Academy of Management Journal, 48, 146–157. CrossRef
Yetim, U. (1993). Life satisfaction: A study based on the organization of personal projects. Social Indicators Research, 29, 277–289. CrossRef
- Goals and Depressive Symptoms: Cross-lagged Effects of Cognitive versus Emotional Goal Appraisals
Laura ter Doest
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers