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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 7/2012

01-10-2012

Getting Out of Rumination: Comparison of Three Brief Interventions in a Sample of Youth

Auteurs: Lori M. Hilt, Seth D. Pollak

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 7/2012

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Abstract

Rumination, passively and repetitively dwelling on and questioning negative feelings in response to distress, is a risk factor for the development of psychopathology, especially depression. The ruminative process is difficult to stop once it has begun. The present studies focused on strategies that may help youth disengage from ruminative states. In Study 1, we validated a technique for inducing distress and measuring state rumination. Twenty-six participants (mean age = 12.21; 62 % girls) underwent a negative mood induction followed by either a rumination or distraction induction. In Study 2, we examined the utility of three different brief interventions for stopping the ruminative process. One hundred-two youth (mean age = 11.51; 64 % girls) underwent a negative mood induction followed by a rumination induction. Following this, participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions designed to help them out of the ruminative state (distraction, problem-solving, or mindfulness). In Study 1, participants in the rumination condition reported significantly higher levels of state rumination compared to those in the distraction condition. In Study 2, both distraction and mindfulness helped reduced state rumination compared to problem-solving. Taken together, these data suggest that even a brief period of distraction or mindfulness is helpful in getting youth out of a ruminative state. Clinical implications might include the potential use of mobile device applications to help alleviate rumination.

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Voetnoten
1
Because one of the items in the state rumination measure involves a focus on problems, we wanted to be sure that this was not driving the differences between the problem-solving condition and other two conditions. Thus, the repeated measures ANOVA was also conducted with only the feelings item as the dependent variable, and the pattern of results was the same.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Getting Out of Rumination: Comparison of Three Brief Interventions in a Sample of Youth
Auteurs
Lori M. Hilt
Seth D. Pollak
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 7/2012
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-012-9638-3