Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 8/2007

01-09-2007 | Original Paper

Gestalt Perception and Local-Global Processing in High-Functioning Autism

Auteurs: Sven Bölte, Martin Holtmann, Fritz Poustka, Armin Scheurich, Lutz Schmidt

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 8/2007

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This study examined gestalt perception in high-functioning autism (HFA) and its relation to tasks indicative of local visual processing. Data on of gestalt perception, visual illusions (VI), hierarchical letters (HL), Block Design (BD) and the Embedded Figures Test (EFT) were collected in adult males with HFA, schizophrenia, depression and normative controls. Individuals with HFA processed gestalt stimuli less in accord with gestalt laws, particularly regarding the principle of similarity. Gestalt processing correlated positively with global processing of the HL. EFT and BD performance correlated negatively with VI susceptibility in HFA. All clinical groups succumbed less to VI than the normative sample. Results suggest decreased gestalt perception in HFA, being associated with a more general local visual processing bias.
Literatuur
go back to reference Arbeitsgruppe Deutsche Child Behavior Checklist (1998). Fragebogen für junge Erwachsene (YASR). Köln: Arbeitsgruppe Kinder-, Jugend- und Familiendiagnostik (KJFD). Arbeitsgruppe Deutsche Child Behavior Checklist (1998). Fragebogen für junge Erwachsene (YASR). Köln: Arbeitsgruppe Kinder-, Jugend- und Familiendiagnostik (KJFD).
go back to reference Austin, M. P., Mitchell, P., & Goodwin, G. M. (2001). Cognitive deficits in depression: Possible implications for functional neuropathology. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178, 200–206. PubMedCrossRef Austin, M. P., Mitchell, P., & Goodwin, G. M. (2001). Cognitive deficits in depression: Possible implications for functional neuropathology. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178, 200–206. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bölte, S., & Bosch, G. (2005). The long-term outcome in two females with autism spectrum disorder. Psychopathology, 38, 151–154. PubMedCrossRef Bölte, S., & Bosch, G. (2005). The long-term outcome in two females with autism spectrum disorder. Psychopathology, 38, 151–154. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bölte, S., Rühl, D., Schmötzer, G., & Poustka, F. (2006). Diagnostisches Interview für Autismus – Revidiert (ADI-R). Bern: Huber. Bölte, S., Rühl, D., Schmötzer, G., & Poustka, F. (2006). Diagnostisches Interview für Autismus – Revidiert (ADI-R). Bern: Huber.
go back to reference Bowie, C. R., & Harvey, P. D. (2005). Cognition in schizophrenia: Impairments, determinants, and functional importance. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 28, 613–633. PubMedCrossRef Bowie, C. R., & Harvey, P. D. (2005). Cognition in schizophrenia: Impairments, determinants, and functional importance. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 28, 613–633. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Brian, J. A., & Bryson, S. E. (1996). Disembedding performance and recognition memory in autism/PDD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, 865–872. PubMedCrossRef Brian, J. A., & Bryson, S. E. (1996). Disembedding performance and recognition memory in autism/PDD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, 865–872. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Brosnan, M. J., Scott, F. J., Fox, S., & Pye, J. (2004). Gestalt processing in autism: Failure to process perceptual relationships and the implications for contextual understanding. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 459–469. PubMedCrossRef Brosnan, M. J., Scott, F. J., Fox, S., & Pye, J. (2004). Gestalt processing in autism: Failure to process perceptual relationships and the implications for contextual understanding. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 459–469. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Coello, E., Ardila, A., & Rosselli, M. (1990). Is there a cognitive marker in major depression? International Journal of Neuroscience, 50, 137–145. PubMed Coello, E., Ardila, A., & Rosselli, M. (1990). Is there a cognitive marker in major depression? International Journal of Neuroscience, 50, 137–145. PubMed
go back to reference Duncan, J., & Humphreys, G. W. (1989). Visual search and stimulus similarity. Psychological Review, 96, 433–458. PubMedCrossRef Duncan, J., & Humphreys, G. W. (1989). Visual search and stimulus similarity. Psychological Review, 96, 433–458. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Frith, U. (1989). Autism: Explaining the enigma. Oxford: Blackwell. Frith, U. (1989). Autism: Explaining the enigma. Oxford: Blackwell.
go back to reference Ghaziuddin, M., Ghaziuddin, N., & Greden, J. (2002). Depression in persons with autism: Implications for research and clinical care. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 299–306. PubMedCrossRef Ghaziuddin, M., Ghaziuddin, N., & Greden, J. (2002). Depression in persons with autism: Implications for research and clinical care. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 299–306. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hamilton, M. (1986). Hamilton Depression Scale. In CIPS (Hrsg.), Internationale Skalen für Psychiatrie. Weinheim: Beltz. Hamilton, M. (1986). Hamilton Depression Scale. In CIPS (Hrsg.), Internationale Skalen für Psychiatrie. Weinheim: Beltz.
go back to reference Han, S., & Humphreys, G. W. (1999). Interactions between perceptual organization based on Gestalt laws and those based on hierarchical processing. Perception and Psychophysics, 61, 1287–1298. PubMed Han, S., & Humphreys, G. W. (1999). Interactions between perceptual organization based on Gestalt laws and those based on hierarchical processing. Perception and Psychophysics, 61, 1287–1298. PubMed
go back to reference Happé, F. (1996). Studying weak central coherence at low levels: Children with autism do not succumb to visual illusions. A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, 873–877. PubMedCrossRef Happé, F. (1996). Studying weak central coherence at low levels: Children with autism do not succumb to visual illusions. A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, 873–877. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hill, E. L., & Frith, U. (2003). Understanding autism: Insights from mind and brain. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 358, 281–289. PubMedCrossRef Hill, E. L., & Frith, U. (2003). Understanding autism: Insights from mind and brain. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 358, 281–289. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hoy, J. A., Hatton, C., & Hare, D. (2004). Weak central coherence: A cross-domain phenomenon specific to autism? Autism, 8, 267–281. PubMedCrossRef Hoy, J. A., Hatton, C., & Hare, D. (2004). Weak central coherence: A cross-domain phenomenon specific to autism? Autism, 8, 267–281. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Johnson, S. C., Lowery, N., Kohler, C., & Turetsky, B. I. (2005). Global-local visual processing in Schizophrenia: Evidence for an early visual processing deficit. Biological Psychiatry, 58, 937–946. PubMedCrossRef Johnson, S. C., Lowery, N., Kohler, C., & Turetsky, B. I. (2005). Global-local visual processing in Schizophrenia: Evidence for an early visual processing deficit. Biological Psychiatry, 58, 937–946. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Jolliffe, T., & Baron-Cohen, S. J. (1997). Are people with autism and Asperger syndrome faster than normal on the Embedded Figures Test? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 527–534. PubMedCrossRef Jolliffe, T., & Baron-Cohen, S. J. (1997). Are people with autism and Asperger syndrome faster than normal on the Embedded Figures Test? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 527–534. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kay, S. R., Fiszbein, A. Y., & Opler, L. A. (1987). The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 13, 261–275. PubMed Kay, S. R., Fiszbein, A. Y., & Opler, L. A. (1987). The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 13, 261–275. PubMed
go back to reference Kimchi, R. (1992). Primacy of wholistic processing and global/local paradigm: A critical review. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 24–38. PubMedCrossRef Kimchi, R. (1992). Primacy of wholistic processing and global/local paradigm: A critical review. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 24–38. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kimchi, R., & Palmer, S. E. (1982). Form and texture in hierarchically constructed patterns. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 8, 521–535. PubMedCrossRef Kimchi, R., & Palmer, S. E. (1982). Form and texture in hierarchically constructed patterns. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 8, 521–535. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Konstantareas, M, & Hewitt, T. (2001) Autistic disorder and schizophrenia: Diagnostic overlaps. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 19–28. PubMedCrossRef Konstantareas, M, & Hewitt, T. (2001) Autistic disorder and schizophrenia: Diagnostic overlaps. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 19–28. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kracke, I. (1994). Developmental prosopagnosia in Asperger syndrome: Presentation and discussion of an individual case. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 36, 873–886. PubMedCrossRef Kracke, I. (1994). Developmental prosopagnosia in Asperger syndrome: Presentation and discussion of an individual case. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 36, 873–886. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lehrl, S. (1991). Mehrfachwahl-Wortschatz-Intelligenztest (MWT-B). Erlangen : Perimed-Fachbuch-Verlagsgesellschaft. Lehrl, S. (1991). Mehrfachwahl-Wortschatz-Intelligenztest (MWT-B). Erlangen : Perimed-Fachbuch-Verlagsgesellschaft.
go back to reference Mottron, L., Mineau, S., Decarie, J. C., Jambaque, I., Labrecque, R., Pepin, J. P., & Aroichane, M. (1997). Visual agnosia with bilateral temporo-occipital brain lesions in a child with autistic disorder: A case study. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 39, 699–705. PubMedCrossRef Mottron, L., Mineau, S., Decarie, J. C., Jambaque, I., Labrecque, R., Pepin, J. P., & Aroichane, M. (1997). Visual agnosia with bilateral temporo-occipital brain lesions in a child with autistic disorder: A case study. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 39, 699–705. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mottron, L., & Burack, J. (2001). Enhanced perceptual functioning in the development of autism. In J. A. Burack, T. Charman, N. Yirmiya, & P. R. Zelazo (Eds.). The development of autism: Perspectives from theory and research (pp. 131–148). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Mottron, L., & Burack, J. (2001). Enhanced perceptual functioning in the development of autism. In J. A. Burack, T. Charman, N. Yirmiya, & P. R. Zelazo (Eds.). The development of autism: Perspectives from theory and research (pp. 131–148). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Mottron, L., Burack, J. A., Iarocci, G., Belleville, S., Enns, J. T. (2003). Locally oriented perception with intact global processing among adolescents with high-functioning autism: Evidence from multiple paradigms. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 904–913. PubMedCrossRef Mottron, L., Burack, J. A., Iarocci, G., Belleville, S., Enns, J. T. (2003). Locally oriented perception with intact global processing among adolescents with high-functioning autism: Evidence from multiple paradigms. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 904–913. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Navon, D. (1977). Forest before trees: The precedence of global features in visual perception. Cognitive Psychology, 9, 353–383. CrossRef Navon, D. (1977). Forest before trees: The precedence of global features in visual perception. Cognitive Psychology, 9, 353–383. CrossRef
go back to reference Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1991). Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: Relationship to theory of mind. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, 1081–1105. PubMedCrossRef Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1991). Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: Relationship to theory of mind. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, 1081–1105. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pomerantz, J. R. (1983). Global and local precedence: Selective attention in form and motion perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 112, 516–540. CrossRef Pomerantz, J. R. (1983). Global and local precedence: Selective attention in form and motion perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 112, 516–540. CrossRef
go back to reference Poppelreuter, W. (1917/1990). Disturbances of lower and higher visual capacities caused by occipital damage. Oxford: Clarendon [Being a translation of `Die psychischen Schädigungen durch Kopfschuss im Kriege 1914/16´. Leipzig: Voss. Translation copyright Zihl, J., 1990.]. Poppelreuter, W. (1917/1990). Disturbances of lower and higher visual capacities caused by occipital damage. Oxford: Clarendon [Being a translation of `Die psychischen Schädigungen durch Kopfschuss im Kriege 1914/16´. Leipzig: Voss. Translation copyright Zihl, J., 1990.].
go back to reference Ropar, D., & Mitchell, P. (1999). Are individuals with autism and Asperger’s syndrome susceptible to visual illusions? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 1283–1293. PubMedCrossRef Ropar, D., & Mitchell, P. (1999). Are individuals with autism and Asperger’s syndrome susceptible to visual illusions? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 1283–1293. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ropar, D., & Mitchell, P. (2001). Susceptibility to illusions and performance on visuospatial tasks in individuals with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 539–549. PubMedCrossRef Ropar, D., & Mitchell, P. (2001). Susceptibility to illusions and performance on visuospatial tasks in individuals with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 539–549. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rühl, D., Bölte, S., Feineis-Matthews, S., & Poustka, F. (2004). Diagnostische Beobachtungsskala für Autistische Störungen (ADOS). Bern: Huber. Rühl, D., Bölte, S., Feineis-Matthews, S., & Poustka, F. (2004). Diagnostische Beobachtungsskala für Autistische Störungen (ADOS). Bern: Huber.
go back to reference Rutter, M., Silberg, J., O’Connor, T., & Simonoff, E. (1999). Genetics and child psychiatry: II Empirical research findings. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 19–55. PubMedCrossRef Rutter, M., Silberg, J., O’Connor, T., & Simonoff, E. (1999). Genetics and child psychiatry: II Empirical research findings. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 19–55. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shah, A., & Frith, U. (1983). An islet of ability in autistic children: A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 24, 613–620. PubMedCrossRef Shah, A., & Frith, U. (1983). An islet of ability in autistic children: A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 24, 613–620. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shah, A., & Frith, U. (1993). Why do autistic individuals show superior performance on the block design task? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34, 1351–1364. PubMedCrossRef Shah, A., & Frith, U. (1993). Why do autistic individuals show superior performance on the block design task? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34, 1351–1364. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tewes, U. (1991). Hamburg-Wechsler-Intelligenztest für Erwachsene–Revision. Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe. Tewes, U. (1991). Hamburg-Wechsler-Intelligenztest für Erwachsene–Revision. Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe.
go back to reference Uhlhaas, P. J., & Silverstein, S. M. (2003). Gestalt Psychology and Schizophrenia: The Continuing relevance of Gestalt psychology for an understanding of schizophrenia. Gestalt Theory, 4, 256–270. Uhlhaas, P. J., & Silverstein, S. M. (2003). Gestalt Psychology and Schizophrenia: The Continuing relevance of Gestalt psychology for an understanding of schizophrenia. Gestalt Theory, 4, 256–270.
go back to reference Uhlhaas, P. J., Silverstein, S.M, & Phillips, W. A. (2005). The course and clinical correlates of dysfunctions in visual perceptual organization in schizophrenia during the remission of psychotic symptoms. Schizophrenia Research, 75, 183–192. PubMedCrossRef Uhlhaas, P. J., Silverstein, S.M, & Phillips, W. A. (2005). The course and clinical correlates of dysfunctions in visual perceptual organization in schizophrenia during the remission of psychotic symptoms. Schizophrenia Research, 75, 183–192. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wertheimer, M. (1922). Untersuchungen zur Lehre von der Gestalt. I. Prinzipielle Bemerkungen. Psychologische Forschung, 1, 47–58. CrossRef Wertheimer, M. (1922). Untersuchungen zur Lehre von der Gestalt. I. Prinzipielle Bemerkungen. Psychologische Forschung, 1, 47–58. CrossRef
go back to reference Wertheimer, M. (1923). Untersuchungen zur Lehre von der Gestalt II. Psychologische Forschung, 4, 301–350. CrossRef Wertheimer, M. (1923). Untersuchungen zur Lehre von der Gestalt II. Psychologische Forschung, 4, 301–350. CrossRef
go back to reference Wertheimer, M. (1925). Über Gestalttheorie. Philosophische Zeitschrift für Forschung und Aussprache, 1, 39–60. Wertheimer, M. (1925). Über Gestalttheorie. Philosophische Zeitschrift für Forschung und Aussprache, 1, 39–60.
go back to reference Witkin, H. A., Oltman, P. K., Raskin, E., & Karp, S. (1971). A manual for the Embedded Figures Test. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press. Witkin, H. A., Oltman, P. K., Raskin, E., & Karp, S. (1971). A manual for the Embedded Figures Test. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Metagegevens
Titel
Gestalt Perception and Local-Global Processing in High-Functioning Autism
Auteurs
Sven Bölte
Martin Holtmann
Fritz Poustka
Armin Scheurich
Lutz Schmidt
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2007
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 8/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0231-x