Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the CDC.
This study examined the association between gender role orientation (GRO) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in youth, and how this relationship may differ between males and females as well as among African-American, White, and Hispanic individuals. GRO has been reported to influence serious health outcomes including cancer, heart disease, mental illness, and mortality rates. However, few studies have examined the link between GRO and health outcomes for children, even though gender identity is formed in childhood.
Data were examined from 4824 participants in the Healthy Passages™ project, a population-based survey of fifth-grade children in three US metropolitan areas. Children reported their own HRQOL using the PedsQL and degree of female, male, and androgynous GRO using the Children’s Sex Role Inventory.
Based on structural equations analysis, male GRO was positively associated with HRQOL for all racial/ethnic groups, regardless of sex, whereas female GRO was associated with better HRQOL for Hispanic and White females and poorer HRQOL for Hispanic males. Androgynous GRO was associated with better HRQOL among Hispanic and White females, but not males nor African-Americans of either sex.
Racial/ethnic differences emerged for female and androgynous, but not male, GROs. Hispanic males are the only group for which GRO (female) was associated with poorer HRQOL. Future research should find ways to help youth overcome negative effects on health from gender beliefs and behavior patterns with sensitivity to racial/ethnic membership.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bem, S. L. (1984). Androgyny and gender schema theory: a conceptual and empirical integration. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 32, 179–226. PubMed
Bentler, P. M. (1995). EQS structural equations program manual. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software.
Garcia-Preto, N. (1996). Puerto Rican families. Ethnicity and family therapy (2nd ed., pp. 183–199). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Gordon, D. M., Hawes, S. W., Reid, A. E., Callands, T. A., Magriples, U., & Divney, A. (2013). The many faces of manhood: Examining masculine norms and health behaviors of young fathers across race. American Journal of Men’s Health, 7, 394–401. doi: 10.1177/1557988313476540. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
Granié, M. (2009). Effects of gender, sex-stereotype conformity, age and internalization on risk-taking among adolescent pedestrians. Research in Ergonomic Psychology in the Transportation Field in France, 47, 1277–1283. doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2009.03.010.
Hill, J. P., & Lynch, M. E. (1983). The intensification of gender-related role expectations during early adolescence. In J. Brooks-Gunn & A. C. Petersen (Eds.), Girls at puberty: Biological and psychological perspectives (pp. 201–228). New York: Plenum. CrossRef
Kaufman, J. S., Cooper, R. S., & McGee, D. L. (1997). Socioeconomic status and health in blacks and whites: The problem of residual confounding and the resiliency of race. Epidemiology, 8, 621–628. PubMed
Kohlberg, L. A. (1966). A cognitive-developmental analysis of children’s sex-role concepts and attitudes. In E. E. Maccoby (Ed.), The development of sex differences (pp. 82–173). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Li, C. E., DiGiuseppe, R., & Froh, J. (2006). The roles of sex, gender, and coping in adolescent depression. Adolescence, 41, 409–415. PubMed
Limbers, C. A., Newman, D. A., & Varni, J. W. (2009). Factorial invariance of child self-report across race/ethnicity groups: A multigroup confirmatory factor analysis approach utilizing the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales. Annals of Epidemiology, 19, 575–581. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2009.04.004. PubMedCrossRef
Lorenzo-Blanco, E. I., Unger, J. B., Baezconde-Garbanati, L., Ritt-Olson, A., & Soto, D. (2012). Acculturation, enculturation, and symptoms of depression in Hispanic youth: The roles of gender, Hispanic cultural values, and family functioning. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41, 1350–1365. doi: 10.1007/s10964-012-9774-7. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2012). Mplus user’s guide (7th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Skogrand, L., Hatch, D., & Singh, A. (2008). Strong marriages in Latino culture. In R. Dalla, J. DeFrain, J. Johnson, & D. Abbott (Eds.), Strengths and challenges of new immigrant families: Implications for research, policy, education, and service (pp. 117–134). Lexington, MA: Lexington Press.
Varni, J. W., Burwinkle, T. M., Seid, M., & Skarr, D. (2003). The PedsQL™* 4.0 as a pediatric population health measure: Feasibility, reliability, and validity. Ambulatory Pediatrics, 3, 329–341. doi: 10.1367/1539-4409(2003)003<0329:TPAAPP>2.0.CO;2. PubMedCrossRef
Waldron, I., McCloskey, C., & Earle, I. (2005). Trends in gender differences in accident mortality: Relationships to changing gender roles and other societal trends. Demographic Research, 13, 415–454. CrossRef
Wallander, J. L. (2001). Theoretical and developmental issues in quality of life for children and adolescents. In H. M. Koot & J. L. Wallander (Eds.), Quality of life in children and adolescents: Concepts, methods, and findings (pp. 23–48). London: Brunner/Routledge.
World Health Organization. (1948). Constitution of the World Health Organization. New York: World Health Organization. Retrieved from World Health Organization site: http://apps.who.int/gb/bd/PDF/bd47/EN/constitution-en.pdf
Zayas, L. H., Lester, R. J., Cabassa, L. J., & Fortuna, L. R. (2005). Why do so many Latina teens attempt suicide? A conceptual model for research. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 75(275–287), 1037. doi: 10.1037/0002-9418.104.22.1685.
- Gender role orientation is associated with health-related quality of life differently among African-American, Hispanic, and White youth
Sarah M. Scott
Jan L. Wallander
Marc N. Elliott
Jo Anne Grunbaum
Susan R. Tortolero
Paula M. Cuccaro
Mark A. Schuster
- Springer International Publishing