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01-12-2011 | Review Article | Uitgave 12/2011

Netherlands Heart Journal 12/2011

Gender-related differences in octogenarians with congenital coronary artery fistula: a report of two cases and a review

Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 12/2011
S. A. M. Said, E. M. Koomen, J. S. Bos



To highlight gender-related differences in octogenarians with a congenital coronary artery fistula (CAF).

Materials and methods

We present two elderly female patients with a congenital fistula, a septuagenarian and a nonagenarian, and review the world literature between 1954–2010.


The septuagenarian patient presented with easy fatigability and the nonagenarian patient with acute myocardial infarction contralaterally to the fistula. Coronary angiography (CAG) demonstrated a coronary-pulmonary artery fistula (CPF). The nonagenarian patient underwent percutaneous coronary intervention of the right coronary artery. CAG revealed a CPF associated with a huge multiple aneurysmal formation. Data from 57 mainly symptomatic patients with a mean age of 75.3 years (range 70–87 years) were collected. The cohort was subdivided into female (mean age 84.3 years) and male (mean age 75.2 years) subgroups and compared with each other. Multi-origin (bilateral and multilateral) was prevalent in females, 40% versus 12% in males. Aneurysmal formation was found in females and males in 40% and 18%, respectively. Ethnicity was 65% Caucasian and 35% Asian. Multi-origin fistulas were prevalent in the Asian (45%) compared with the Caucasian (11%) subset.


A septuagenarian and a nonagenarian female patient with congenital CAF are presented. On reviewing the literature, important differences were found between elderly females and males with congenital CAF.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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