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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 5/2016

01-05-2016

Gender differences in the effect of social support on health-related quality of life: results of a population-based prospective cohort study in old age in Germany

Auteurs: André Hajek, Christian Brettschneider, Carolin Lange, Tina Posselt, Birgitt Wiese, Susanne Steinmann, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Michael Pentzek, Angela Fuchs, Janine Stein, Tobias Luck, Horst Bickel, Edelgard Mösch, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Kathrin Heser, Wolfgang Maier, Martin Scherer, Steffi G. Riedel-Heller, Hans-Helmut König

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 5/2016

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Abstract

Purpose

The causality between social predictors and HRQoL in old age remains almost unclear as only a few studies have examined the influence of social support on HRQoL in a longitudinal setting. Moreover, available studies investigating gender differences in the effect of social support on HRQoL in old age have been solely cross-sectional. Consequently, the aim of this study was to examine whether social support affects health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in old age and whether this effect is moderated by gender.

Methods

In a population-based cohort (N = 2443) of people aged 75 years and older in Germany, the development of HRQoL was prospectively observed over a 3-year period. Quality of life was quantified by using the visual analogue scale of the EQ-5D instrument. Social support was assessed by using the 14-item form of the questionnaire for social support (F-SozU K-14). In order to control for unobserved heterogeneity, fixed-effects regression analysis was used.

Results

In the total sample (β = 0.55, p < 0.05) and in men (β = 1.39, p < 0.001), a strong positive impact of social support on HRQoL was found. There was no significant effect of social support on HRQoL in women. The effect of social support on HRQoL was significantly moderated by gender (p < 0.05).

Conclusions

Findings accentuate the fundamental role of social support in HRQoL in old age. Particularly in men, it is therefore crucial to strengthen the social ties in old age.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Gender differences in the effect of social support on health-related quality of life: results of a population-based prospective cohort study in old age in Germany
Auteurs
André Hajek
Christian Brettschneider
Carolin Lange
Tina Posselt
Birgitt Wiese
Susanne Steinmann
Siegfried Weyerer
Jochen Werle
Michael Pentzek
Angela Fuchs
Janine Stein
Tobias Luck
Horst Bickel
Edelgard Mösch
Steffen Wolfsgruber
Kathrin Heser
Wolfgang Maier
Martin Scherer
Steffi G. Riedel-Heller
Hans-Helmut König
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 5/2016
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-015-1166-5