Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study examined whether social preference was a mechanism that explained the relation between proactive and reactive aggression and peer victimization. Participants were 494 children in grades 2–5. Proactive and reactive aggression was assessed via a self-report measure and indices of social preference and peer victimization were assessed via a peer nomination inventory. Data was collected during the fall and spring of two academic years. The relations among aggression, social preference, and peer victimization varied as a function of aggression and gender. For girls, reactive aggression was a significant negative predictor of social preference. Findings also revealed social preference mediated the relation between reactive aggression and peer victimization for girls. This pathway did not hold for boys. There was some evidence that proactive aggression was negatively associated with peer victimization, but only for girls. Findings from the current study suggest social preference may be a key mechanism through which reactive aggression is associated with future victimization for girls. Boys’ aggression was not related to subsequent peer victimization. Future research and intervention efforts should consider gender differences and the function of aggression when investigating children’s peer victimization experiences.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for child behavior checklist/4–18 and 1991 profile. Burlington: University of Vermont, Dept. of Psychiatry.
Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A social learning analysis. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
Berkowitz, L. (1993). Aggression: Its causes, consequences, and control. New York: Mcgraw-Hill Book Company.
Boivin, M., Hymel, S., & Hodges, E. V. E. (2001). Toward a process view of peer rejection and harassment. In J. Juvonen & S. Graham (Eds.), Peer harassment in school: The plight of the vulnerable and victimized (pp. 265–289). New York: Guilford Press.
Brown, T. A. (2015). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Coie, J. D., Dodge, K. A., & Kupersmidt, J. B. (1990). Peer group behavior and social status. In S. R. Asher & J. D. Coie (Eds.), Peer rejection in childhood (pp. 17–59). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Fite, P. J., Wimsatt, A., Elkins, S., & Grassetti, S. (2012). Contextual influences of proactive and reactive subtypes of aggression. Child Indicators Research, 5, 123–133. CrossRef
Fite, P. J., Poquiz, J., Cooley, J. L., Stoppelbein, L., Becker, S. P., Luebbe, A. M., & Greening, L. (2016). Risk factors associated with proactive and reactive aggression in a child psychiatric inpatient sample. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 38, 56–65. doi: 10.1007/s10862-015-9503-0. CrossRef
Lamarche, V., Brendgen, M., Boivin, M., Vitaro, F., Dionne, G., & Pérusse, D. (2007). Do friends' characteristics moderate the prospective links between peer victimization and reactive and proactive aggression? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 665–680. doi: 10.1007/s10802-007-9122-7. CrossRefPubMed
Little, R. J. A. (1995). Modeling the drop-out mechanism in longitudinal studies. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90, 1112–1121. CrossRef
Little, T. D. (2013). Longitudinal structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford Press.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2011). Mplus User’s Guide (Sixth ed.). Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén.
Ostrov, J. M., Kamper, K. E., Hart, E. J., Godleski, S. A., & Blakely-McClure, S. J. (2014). A gender-balanced approach to the study of peer victimization and aggression subtypes in early childhood. Development and Psychopathology, 26, 575–587. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2009.09.005. CrossRefPubMed
Prinstein, M. J., & La Greca, A. M. (2004). Childhood peer rejection and aggression as predictors of adolescent girls' externalizing and health risk behaviors: A 6-year longitudinal study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 103–112. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.72.1.103. CrossRefPubMed
Raine, A., Dodge, K., Loeber, R., Gatzke-Kopp, L., Lynam, D., Reynolds, C., et al. (2006). The reactive-proactive aggression questionnaire: Differential correlates of reactive and proactive aggression in adolescent boys. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 159–171. doi: 10.1002/ab.20115. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Salmivalli, C., Lagerspetz, K., Björkqvist, K., Österman, K., & Kaukiainen, A. (1996a). Bullying as a group process: Participant roles and their relations to social status within the group. Aggressive Behavior, 22, 1–15. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2337(1996)22:1%3C1::AID-AB1%3E3.0.CO;2-T. CrossRef
Salmivalli, C., Karhunen, J., & Lagerspetz, K. M. J. (1996b). How do the victims respond to bullying? Aggressive Behavior, 22, 99–109. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2337(1996)22:2%3C99:AID-AB3%3E3.0.CO;2-P. CrossRef
Schwartz, D., Dodge, K. A., Coie, J. D., Hubbard, J. A., Cillessen, A. H. N., Lemerise, E. A., & Bateman, H. (1998). Social-cognitive and behavioral correlates of aggression and victimization in boys' play groups. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 26, 431–440. doi: 10.1023/A:1022695601088. CrossRefPubMed
Schwartz, D., McFadyen-Ketchum, S., Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (1999). Early behavior problems as a predictor of later peer group victimization: Moderators and mediators in the pathways of social risk. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27, 191–201. doi: 10.1023/A:1021948206165. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Vitaro, F., & Brendgen, M. (2005). Proactive and reactive aggression: A developmental perspective. In R. E. Tremblay, W. W. Hartup, & J. Archer (Eds.), Developmental origins of aggression (pp. 178–201). New York: Guilford Press.
Waschbusch, D. A., Willoughby, M. T., & Pelham Jr., W. E. (1998). Criterion validity and the utility of reactive and proactive aggression: Comparisons to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, and other measures of functioning. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 27, 396–405. doi: 10.1207/s15374424jccp2704_3. CrossRefPubMed
- Functions of Aggression and Peer Victimization in Elementary School Children: the Mediating Role of Social Preference
L. Christian Elledge
Lisette W. Swails
Eric M. Vernberg
- Springer US