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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 4/2013

01-12-2013

From Dispositional Traits to Psychopathological Symptoms: Social-Cognitive Vulnerabilities as Intervening Mechanisms

Auteur: Ryan Y. Hong

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 4/2013

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Abstract

The present research articulates a model delineating how influences of dispositional traits to psychopathological symptoms are carried by social-cognitive vulnerabilities. In two college student samples (total N = 335), it was found that social-cognitive vulnerabilities (i.e., pessimistic inferential style, ruminative style, intolerance to uncertainty, anxiety sensitivity, fear of negative evaluation, and poor self-control) fully mediated between dispositional traits (i.e., Neuroticism and Conscientiousness) and various psychopathological symptoms (i.e., depression, worry, panic, social anxiety, and antisocial behavior). In contrast, dysfunctional attitudes, looming cognitive style, and poor self-regulation did not act as intervening variables. These findings demonstrated how distal-broad dispositions might impact on specific symptoms via increasingly differentiated intervening mechanisms as reflected by various vulnerabilities more proximal-specific in the etiology of psychopathology. Furthermore, the current model was useful in clarifying the common and unique processes leading to the various forms of psychopathological symptoms.
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Given that the N score across the two samples were derived differently (modified in S1 and informant-reported in S2), one might wonder about how these differences might have impacted the multiple group analyses. As seen in Fig. 2, the standardized regression paths between N and the social-cognitive vulnerabilities differed in magnitude. Also, the variance for N was different across the two samples (see Table 2). Nonetheless, these differences were not substantial enough to make the multiple group analyses untenable, as indicated by the fit indices.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
From Dispositional Traits to Psychopathological Symptoms: Social-Cognitive Vulnerabilities as Intervening Mechanisms
Auteur
Ryan Y. Hong
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 4/2013
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-013-9350-9

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