Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Interactions with friends are a salient part of adolescents’ experience at school. Adolescents tend to form friendships with similar peers and, in turn, their friends influence adolescents’ behaviors and beliefs. The current study investigated early adolescents’ selection of friends and friends’ influence with regard to physical aggression, prosocial behavior, and popularity and social preference (i.e., likeability) among fifth and sixth graders (N = 736, 52% girls at wave1, N = 677, 52% girls at wave 2) in elementary schools in South Korea. The moderating role of gender on early adolescents’ friend selection and influence was also examined. With longitudinal social network analysis (RSiena), we found that youth tended to select friends with similar levels of physical aggression and popularity, and their friends influenced their own physical aggression and popularity over time. The higher youth were in social preference, the less likely they chose physically aggressive peers as friends. Boys were more likely to select highly popular peers as friends compared to girls, and influence effects for physical aggression and popularity were stronger for boys compared to girls. The results underscore the importance of gender in friendship dynamics among Asian early adolescents.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Allen, J. P., & Antonishak, J. (2008). Adolescent peer influences: Beyond the dark side. In M. J. Prinstein, & K. A. Dodge (Eds.), Understanding peer influence in children and adolescents (pp. 141–160). New York, NY: Guilford.
Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Benenson, J. F., Roy, R., Waite, A., Goldbaum, S., Linders, L., & Simpson, A. (2002). Greater discomfort as a proximate cause of sex differences in competition. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 48, 225–247. CrossRef
Brown, B. (2005). Adolescent relationships with their peers. In R. M. Lerner, & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of Adolescent Psychology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Brown, B. B. (2011). Popularity in peer group perspective. In A. H. N. Cillessen, D. Schwartz, & L. Mayeux (Eds.), Popularity in the peer system (pp. 165–192). New York, NY: Guilford.
Brown, B. B., & Larson, R. W. (2002). The kaleidoscope of adolescence. In B. B. Brown, R. W. Larson, & T. S. Saraswathi (Eds.), The world’s youth: Adolescence in eight regions of the globe (pp. 1–20). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Bukowski, W. M., & Cillessen, A. H. N. (1998). Sociometry then and now: Building on six decades of measuring children’s experiences with the peer group. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Byrne, D., & Griffitt, W. (1973). Interpersonal attraction. Annual Review of Psychology, 24, 317–336. doi: 10.1146/annurev.ps.24.020173.001533.
Cairns, R. B., Leung, M. C., Gest, S. D., & Cairns, B. D. (1995). A brief method for assessing social development: Structure, reliability, stability, and developmental validity of the interpersonal competence scale. Behavioral Research and Therapy, 33, 725–736. CrossRef
Caravita, S. C. S., & Cillessen, A. H. N. (2011). Agentic or communal? Associations between interpersonal goals, popularity, and bullying in middle childhood and early adolescence. Social Development, 21, 376–395. CrossRef
Card, N. A., Stucky, B. D., Sawalani, G. M., & Little, T. D. (2008). Direct and indirect aggression during childhood and adolescence: A meta-analytic review of gender differences, intercorrelations, and relations to maladjustment. Child Development, 79, 1185–1229. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01184.x. CrossRefPubMed
Carver, K., Joyner, K., & Udry, J. R. (2003). National estimates of adolescent romantic relationships. In P. Florsheim (Ed.), Adolescent romantic relations and sexual behavior: Theory, research, and practical implications (pp. 23–56). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Chang, L., Liu, H., Wen, Z., Fung, K. Y., Wang, Y., & Xu, Y. (2004). Mediating teacher liking and moderating authoritative teachering on Chinese adolescents’ perceptions of antisocial and prosocial behaviors. Journal of Educational Psychology, 96, 369–380. CrossRef
Cillessen, A. H. N., & Marks, P. E. L. (2011). Conceptualizing and measuring popularity. In A. H. N. Cillessen, D. Schwartz, & L. Mayeux (Eds.), Popularity in the peer system (pp. 25–56). New York, NY: Guilford.
Cillessen, A. H. N., & Rose, A. J. (2005). Understanding popularity in the peer system. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 102–105. CrossRef
Cillessen, A. H. N., & van den Berg, Y. H. M. (2012). Popularity and school adjustment. In A. M. Ryan, & G. W. Ladd (Eds.), Peer relationships and adjustment at school (pp. 135–164). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
Collins, W. A., & Steinberg, L. (2006). Adolescent development in interperonsal context. In N. Eisenberg (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (pp. 1033–1067). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
De Laet, S., Doumen, S., Vervoort, E., Colpin, H., Van Leeuwen, K., Goossens, L., & Verschueren, K. (2014). Transactional links between teacher-child relationship quality and perceived versus sociometric popularity: A three-wave longitudinal study. Child Development, 85(4), 1647–1662. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12216. CrossRefPubMed
Dijkstra, J. K., Lindenberg, S., Verhulst, F. C., Ormel, J., & Veenstra, R. (2009). The relation between popularity and aggressive, destructive, and norm breaking behaviors: Moderating effects of athletic abilities, physical attractiveness, and prosociality. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 19, 401–413. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2009.00594.x. CrossRef
Dishion, T. J., Piehler, T. F., & Myers, M. W. (2008). Dynamics and ecology of adolescent peer contagion. In M. J. Prinstein, & K. A. Dodge (Eds.), Understanding peer influence in children and adolescents (pp. 72–93). New York, NY: Guilford.
Huisman, M., & Snijders, T. A. B. (2003). Een stochastisch model voor netwerkevolutie. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Psychologie, 58, 182–194.
Kiefer, S. M., & Ryan, A. M. (2011). Students’ perceptions of characteristics associated with social success: Changes during early adolescence. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 32, 218–226. CrossRef
Kupersmidt, J. B., Derosier, M. E., & Patterson, C. P. (1995). Similarity as the basis for children’s friendships: The roles of sociometric status, aggressive and withdrawn behavior, academic achievement and demographic characteristics. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 12, 439–452. doi: 10.1177/0265407595123007. CrossRef
Lamb, L. M., Bigler, R. S., Liben, L. S., & Green, V. A. (2009). Teaching children to confront peers’ sexist remarks: Implications for theories of gender development and educational practice. Sex Roles, 61, 361–382. CrossRef
Laninga-Wijnen, L., Harakeh, Z., Steglich, C. E. G., Dijkstra, J. K., Veenstra, R., & Vollebergh, W.A.M. (2016). The norms of popular peers moderate friendship dynamics of adolescent aggression. Child Development (online first). doi: 10.1111/cdev.12650.
Leaper, C. (2000). The social construction and socialization of gender. In P. H. Miller & E. K. Scholnick (Eds.), Towards a feminist developmental psychology (pp. 127–152). New York: Routledge Press.
Leaper, C. (2013). Gender development during childhood. In P. D. Zelazo (Ed.), Oxford handbook of developmental psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 326–377). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Lease, A. M., Kennedy, C. A., & Axelrod, J. L. (2002). Children’s social constructions of popularity. Social Development, 11, 87–109. CrossRef
Mehta, C. M., & Strough, J. (2009). Sex segregation in friendships and normative contexts across the life span. Developmental Review, 29, 201–220. CrossRef
Merten, D. E. (1997). The meaning of meanness: Popularity, competition, and conflict among junior high school girls. Sociology of Education, 70, 175–191. CrossRef
Newcomb, A. F., & Bagwell, C. L. (1995). Children’s friendship relations: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 306–347. CrossRef
Parkhurst, J. T., & Hopmeyer, A. (1998). Sociometric popularity and peer-perceived popularity: Two distinct dimensions of peer status. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 18, 125–144. doi:10.1177/0272431698018002001. CrossRef
Pellegrini, A. D., & Archer, J. (2005). Sex differences in competitive and aggressive behavior: A view from sexual selection theory. In B. J. Ellis, & D. F. Bjorklund (Eds.), Origins of the social mind: Evolutionary psychology and child development (pp. 219–244). New York, NY: The Guilford.
Ripley, R. M., Snijders, T. A. B., Boda, Z., Voros, A., & Preciado, P. (2016). Manual for RSiena. Oxford: University of Oxford.
Rodkin, P. C., Farmer, T. W., Pearl, R., & Van Acker, R. (2006). They’re cool: Social status and peer group suppports for aggressive boys and girls. Social Development, 15(2), 175–204. CrossRef
Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W. M., & Parker, J. G. (2006). Peer interactions, relationships and groups. In N. Eisenberg (Series Ed.) & W. Damon (Volume Ed.), Handbook of child psychology. Social, emotional and personality development. (6th ed., pp. 571–645). New York, NY: Wiley.
Shrum, W., Cheek, N. H., & Hunter, S. M. (1988). Friendship in school: Gender and racial homophily. Sociology of Education, 61, 227–239. CrossRef
Snijders, T. A. B., Steglich, C. E. G., & van de Bunt, G. G. (2010). Introduction to actor-based models for network dynamics. Social Networks, 32, 44–60. CrossRef
Veenstra, R., & Dijkstra, J. K. (2011). Transformations in adolescent peer networks. In B. Laursen, & W. A. Collins (Eds.), Relationship pathways: From adolescents to young adulthood (pp. 135–154). Los Angeles: Sage.
Veenstra, R., & Steglich, C. (2012). Actor-based model for network and behavior dynamics: A tool to examine selection and influence processes. In B. Laursen, T. D. Little, and N. A. Card (Eds.), Handbook of developmental research methods. New York: Guilford Press.
Wu, D. Y. H. (1996). Chinese childhood socialization. In M. H. Bond (Ed.), The handbook of Chinese psychology (pp. 143–154). Hong Kong, China: Oxford University Press.
Zarbatany, L., McDougall, P., & Hymel, S. (2000). Gender-differentiated experience in the peer culture: Links to intimacy in preadolescence. Social Development, 9, 62–79. CrossRef
- Friendship Dynamics of Adolescent Aggression, Prosocial Behavior, and Social Status: The Moderating Role of Gender
- Springer US