Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Driven by existing socialization theories, this study describes specific friendship contexts in which peer influence of alcohol misuse and depressive symptoms occurs. In the fall and spring of the school year, surveys were administered to 704 Italian adolescents (53 % male, M age = 15.53) enrolled in Grades 9, 10 and 11. Different friendship contexts were distinguished based on two dimensions referring to the level (i.e., best friendships and friendship networks) and reciprocity (i.e., unilateral and reciprocal) of the relationships. Social network and dyadic analyses were applied in a complementary manner to estimate peer socialization effects across the different friendship contexts. Results showed that within friendship networks both male and female adolescents’ alcohol misuse was affected by friends’ alcohol misuse, regardless of whether the relationship was reciprocated or not. Conversely, peer socialization of depressive symptoms only emerged within very best friendship dyads of female adolescents. Findings suggest that the effects of peer socialization depend on the friendship context and specific types of behaviors. The theoretical and methodological implications of the findings are discussed.
American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author.
Angold, A., Costello, E. J., Messer, S. C., & Pickles, A. (1995). Development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 237–249.
Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.
Benenson, J. F. (1990). Gender differences in social networks. Journal of Early Adolescence, 10, 472–495. CrossRef
Berndt, T. J. (1982). The features and effects of friendship in early adolescence. Child Development, 53, 1447–1460. CrossRef
Berndt, T. J., & Keefe, K. (1995). Friend’s influence on adolescents’ adjustment to school. Child Development, 66, 13121–13329. CrossRef
Bot, S. M., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Knibbe. (2005a). The effect of alcohol expectancies on drinking behaviour in peer groups: observations in a naturalistic setting. Addiction, 100, 12701–279. CrossRef
Brechwald, W. A., & Prinstein, M. J. (2011). Beyond homophily: a decade of advances in understanding peer influence processes. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 21, 166–179. CrossRef
Brener, N. D., Collins, J. L., Kann, L., Warren, C. W., & Williams, B. I. (1995). Reliability of the youth risk behavior survey questionnaire. American Journal of Epidemiology, 141, 575–580. PubMed
Burk, W. J., Van der Vorst, H., Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2012). Alcohol intoxication frequency and friendship dynamics: selection and socialization in early, middle and late adolescent peer networks. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 73, 89–98. PubMed
Camarena, P. M., Sarigiani, P. A., & Peterson, A. C. (1990). Gender-specific pathways to intimacy in early adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 19, 19–32. CrossRef
Carrington, P., Scott, J., & Wasserman, S. (2005). Models and methods in social network analysis. New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Colarossi, L. G., & Eccles, J. S. (2000). A prospective study of adolescents’ peer support: gender differences and the influence of parental relationships. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29, 661–678. CrossRef
Cole, D. A., Tram, J. M., Martin, J. M., Hoffman, K. B., Ruiz, M. D., Jacques, F. M., et al. (2002). Individual differences in the emergence of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents: a longitudinal investigation of parents and child reports. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111, 156–165. PubMedCrossRef
Conway, C. C., Rancourt, D., Adelman, C. B., Burk, W. J., & Prinstein, M. J. (2011). Depression socialization within friendship groups at the transition to adolescence: the roles of gender and group centrality as moderators of peer influence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0024779.
Cooper, M. L. (1994). Motivations for alcohol use among adolescents: development and validation of a four-factor model. Psychological Assessment, 6, 117–128. CrossRef
Coyne, J. C. (1976). Toward an interactional description of depression. Psychiatry, 39, 28–40. PubMed
Dishion, T. J., Spracklen, K. M., Andrews, D. W., & Patterson, G. R. (1996). Deviancy training in male adolescent friendships. Behavior Therapy, 27, 373–390. CrossRef
Eley, T. C., Liang, H., Plomin, R., Sham, P., Sterne, A., Williamson, R., & Purcell, S. (2004). Parental familial vulnerability, family environment, and their interactions as predictors of depressive symptoms in adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 298–306. PubMedCrossRef
Galambos, N. L. (2004). Gender and gender role development in adolescence. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 233–262). Hoboken: Wiley.
Griffin, D., & Gonzalez, R. (1995). Correlational analysis of dyad-level data in the exchangeable case. Psychological Bulletin, 118, 430–439. CrossRef
Hartup, W. W. (1989). Social relationships and their developmental significance. American Psychologist, 44, 120–126. CrossRef
Hartup, W. W. (1993). Adolescents and their friends. In B. Laursen (Ed.), Close friendships during adolescence: new directions for child development (pp. 3–22). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Haynie, D. L. (2001). Delinquent peers revisited: does network structure matter? The American Journal of Sociology, 106, 1013–1057. CrossRef
Hibell, B., Guttormsson, U., Ahlström, S., Balakireva, O., Bjarnason, T., Kokkevi, A., & Kraus, L. (2009). The 2007 ESPAD report – substance use among students in 35 European countries. Stockholm: The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN).
ISTAT. (2009). Bilancio demografico nazionale. Rome: ISTAT.
Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2008). Monitoring the future national results on adolescent drug use: overview of key findings, 2007 (NIH Publication No. 08–6418). Bethesda: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Joiner, T. E., & Timmons, K. A. (2009). Depression in its interpersonal context. In I. H. Gotlib & C. L. Hammen (Eds.), Handbook of depression (2nd ed., pp. 322–339). New York: Guilford Press.
Kandel, D. B. (1978). Similarity in real-life adolescent friendship pairs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 306–312. CrossRef
Katz, J., Beach, S. R. H., & Joiner, T. E. (1999). Contagious depression in dating couples. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 18, 1–13. CrossRef
Kiuru, N., Burk, W. J., Laursen, B., Nurmi, J.-E., & Salmela-Aro, K. (2011). Is depression contagious? A test of alternative peer socialization mechanisms of depressive symptoms in adolescent peer networks. Journal of Adolescence Health. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.06.013.
Knecht, A. B., Burk, W. J., Weesie, J., & Steglich, C. (2011). Friendship and alcohol use in early adolescence: a multilevel social network approach. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 21, 475–487. CrossRef
Laursen, B., Hafen, C. A., Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2011). Friend influence over adolescent problem behaviors as a function of relative peer acceptance: to be liked is to be emulated. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0024707.
Mayeux, L., Sandstrom, M. J., & Cillessen, A. H. N. (2008). Is being popular a risky proposition? Journal of Research on Adolescence, 18, 49–74. CrossRef
McKenzie, D. P., Toumbourou, J. W., Forbes, A. B., Mackinnon, A. J., McMorris, B. J., Catalano, R. F., & Patton, G. C. (2011). Predicting future depression in adolescents using the short mood and feelings questionnaire: a two-nation study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 134, 151–159. PubMedCrossRef
McNelles, L. R., & Connolly, J. A. (1999). Intimacy between adolescent friends: age and gender differences in intimate affect and intimate behaviors. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 9, 143–159. CrossRef
Mercer, S. H., & Derosier, M. E. (2010). Selection and socialization of internalizing problems in middle childhood. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 29, 10311–056. CrossRef
Mercken, L., Steglich, C., Knibbe, R., & Vries, H. (2012). Dynamics of friendship networks and alcohol use in early and mid-adolescence. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 73, 99–110. PubMed
Messer, S. C., Angold, A., Costello, E. J., Loeber, R., Van Kammen, W., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1995). Development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents: factor composition and structure across development. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 251–262.
Newcomb, A. F., & Bagwell, C. L. (1995). Children’s friendship relations: a meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 306–347. CrossRef
Organisation for Economic Co–Operation and Development (2009). Education at a glance 2009: OECD indicators. Available from www.oecd.org/edu/eag2009.
Overbeek, G., Bot, S. M., Meeus, W. H. J., Sentse, M., Knibbe, R. A., & Engels, R. C. M. E. (2011). Where it’s at! The role of best friends and peer group members in young adults’ alcohol use. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 21, 631–638. CrossRef
Parker, J. G., & Asher, S. R. (1993). Friendship and friendship quality in middle childhood: links with peer group acceptance and feelings of loneliness and social dissatisfaction. Developmental Psychology, 29, 611–621. CrossRef
Poulin, F., & Chan, A. (2010). Friendship stability and change in childhood and adolescence. Development Review, 30, 257–272. CrossRef
Prinstein MJ & Dodge KA (2008). Understanding peer influence in children and adolescents. The Guilford Press.
Rabaglietti, E., Burk, W. J., & Giletta, M. (2011). Regulatory self-efficacy as a moderator of peer socialization relating to Italian adolescents’ alcohol intoxication. Social Development. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2011.00637.x.
Raghunathan, T. E., Rosenthal, R., & Rubin, D. B. (1996). Comparing correlated but nonoverlapping correlations. Psychological Methods, 1, 178–183. CrossRef
Ripley R, Snijders TAB & Lopez PP (2011). Manual for SIENA version 4.0. University of Oxford.
Rose, A. J. (2002). Co-rumination in the friendships of girls and boys. Child Development, 73, 18301–18843.
Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W., & Parker, J. G. (1998). Peer interactions, relationships, and groups. In W. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: social, emotional, and personality development (5th ed., Vol. 3, pp. 619–695). New York: Wiley.
Sharabany, R., Gershoni, R., & Hofman, J. E. (1981). Girlfriend, boyfriend: age and sex differences in intimate friedship. Developmental Psychology, 17, 800–808. CrossRef
Sijtsema, J. J., Ojanen, T., Veenstra, R., Lindenberg, S., Hawley, P. H., & Little, T. D. (2010). Forms and functions of aggression in adolescent friendship selection and influence: a longitudinal social network analysis. Social Development, 19, 515–534. CrossRef
Snijders, T. A. B., Steglich, C. E. G., & Schweinberger, M. (2007). Modeling the co- evolution of networks and behavior. In K. van Montfort, H. Oud, & A. Satorra (Eds.), Longitudinal models in the behavioral and related sciences (pp. 41–71). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Snijders, T. A. B., van de Bunt, G. G., & Steglich, C. E. G. (2010). Introduction to stochastic actor-based models for network dynamics. Social Networks, 32, 44–60. CrossRef
Steglich, C., Snijders, T. A. B., & Pearson, M. (2010). Dynamic networks and behavior: separating selection from influence. Sociological Methodology, 40, 329–393. CrossRef
Urberg, K. A. (1992). Locus of peer influence: social crowd and best friend. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 21, 439–450. CrossRef
Van Orden, K. A., & Joiner, T. E. (2006). A role for the contagion of emotion? A comment on Segrin (2004). Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 25, 825–832. CrossRef
Van Zalk, N., Van Zalk, M. H. W., & Kerr, M. (2011). Socialization of social anxiety in adolescent crowds. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. doi: 10.1007/s10802-011-9533-3.
Veenstra, R., & Steglich, C. (2012). Actor-based model for network and behavior dynamics: a tool to examine selection and influence processes. In B. Laursen, T. D. Little, & N. A. Card (Eds.), Handbook of developmental research methods (pp. 598–618). New York: Guilford.
White, H. R., & Huselid, R. F. (1997). Gender differences in alcohol use during adolescence. In R. W. Wilsnack & S. C. Wilsnack (Eds.), Gender and alcohol: individual and social perspectives (pp. 176–198). Piscataway: Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies.
- Friendship Context Matters: Examining the Domain Specificity of Alcohol and Depression Socialization Among Adolescents
Ron H. J. Scholte
Mitchell J. Prinstein
Rutger C. M. E. Engels
William J. Burk
- Springer US