Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study investigated the differences in clinical symptoms between females and males with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) across three verbal ability groups (nonverbal, phrase and fluent speech), based on which Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule module was administered to 5723 individuals in four research datasets. In the Simons Simplex Collection and Autism Treatment Network, females with ASD and phrase or fluent speech had lower cognitive, adaptive, and social abilities than males. In the Autism Genetics Resource Exchange and the Autism Consortium, females with phrase or fluent speech had similar or better adaptive and social abilities than males. Females who were nonverbal had similar cognitive, adaptive, and social abilities as males. Population-based longitudinal studies of verbally fluent females with ASD are needed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms & profiles: An integrated system of multi-informant assessment. Burlington, VT: ASEBA.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network Surveillance Year 2010 Principal Investigators; CDC. (2014). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years—autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States, 2010. MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 63(2), 1–21.
Benjamini, Y., & Hochberg, Y. (1995). Controlling the false discovery rate: A practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B,57, 289–300.
Cohen, J. (1987). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Constantino, J. N., Davis, S. A., Todd, R. D., Schindler, M. K., Gross, M. M., Brophy, S. L., & Reich, W. (2003). Validation of a brief quantitative measure of autistic traits: Comparison of the social responsiveness scale with the autism diagnostic interview-revised. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,33(4), 427–433. CrossRefPubMed
de Bildt, A., Sytema, S., Ketelaars, C., Kraijer, D., Mulder, E., Volkmar, F., & Minderaa, R. (2004). Interrelationship between autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic (ADOS-G), autism diagnostic interview-revised (ADI-R), and the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR) classification in children and adolescents with mental retardation. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,34(2), 129–137. CrossRefPubMed
Elliott, C. D. (1990). Differential ability scales: Introductory and technical handbook. San Antonio: Psychological Corp., Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Elliott, A. C., & Reisch, J. S. (2003). Implementing a multiple comparison test for proportions in a 2xC crosstabulation in SAS ®. In Proceedings of the thirty first annual SAS user group international conference, 204– 31. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.
Konstantareas, M. M., Homatidis, S., & Busch, J. (1989). Cognitive, communication, and social differences between autistic boys and girls. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology,10(4), 411–424. CrossRef
Lajonchere, C., Jones, N., Coury, D., & Perrin, J. (2012). Leadership in health care, research and quality improvement for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders: Autism Treatment Network and autism intervention research network on physical healthy. Pediatrics,130(Supplement 2), S62–S68. CrossRefPubMed
Lord, C., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (2002). Autism diagnostic observation schedule. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H, Jr, Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., & Rutter, M. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,30(3), 205–223. CrossRefPubMed
Mattila, M. L., Kielinen, M., Linna, S. L., Jussila, K., Ebeling, H., Bloigu, R., & Moilanen, I. (2011). Autism spectrum disorders according to DSM-IV-TR and comparison with DSM-5 draft criteria: An epidemiological study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,50(6), 583–592. CrossRefPubMed
Robinson, E. B., Lichtenstein, P., Anckarsäter, H., Happé, F., & Ronald, A. (2013). Examining and interpreting the female protective effect against autistic behavior. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U S A,110(13), 5258–5262. CrossRef
Roid, G. H. (2003). Stanford-binet intelligence scales (5th ed.). Itasca, IL: Riverside.
Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003). Autism diagnostic interview-Revised. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Skuse, D. H., Mandy, W., Steeer, C., Miller, L. L., Goodman, R., Lawrence, K., et al. (2009). Social communication competence and functional adaptation in a general population of children: Preliminary evidence for sex-by-verbal IQ differential risk. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,48(2), 128–137. CrossRefPubMed
Sparrow, S. S., Cicchetti, D. V., & Balla, D. A. (2005). Vineland adaptive behavior scales, second edition (Vineland-II). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corp.
Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated scales of intelligence (WASI). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corp.
Wechsler, D. (2002). Wechsler primary and preschool scale of intelligence-third edition (WPPSI-III). San Antonio, TX: Harcourt Assessment.
Wechsler, D. (2004). Wechsler intelligence scale for children-fourth edition (WISC-IV). London, UK: Pearson Assessment.
- Female Autism Phenotypes Investigated at Different Levels of Language and Developmental Abilities
Yamini J. Howe
Julia A. O’Rourke
Emma W. Viscidi
Richard N. Jones
Eric M. Morrow
- Springer US