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01-09-2012 | Original Article | Uitgave 5/2012

Psychological Research 5/2012

Feedback and intention during motor-skill learning: a connection with prospective memory

Tijdschrift:
Psychological Research > Uitgave 5/2012
Auteurs:
Arnaud Badets, Yannick Blandin
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Arnaud Badets is a tenured researcher at the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and Yannick Blandin is a Professor at the University of Poitiers in France.

Abstract

The intention to complete an action in the future can improve the learning of this action, but it is unknown whether this effect persists when feedback is manipulated during encoding. In Experiment 1, participants were instructed to learn a motor skill with or without intending to reproduce this learning in the future, and feedback on their movements was administrated by self-decision, that is, participants asked for feedback whenever they wanted it. The results showed that intention increased the frequency with which feedback was requested, but did not improve motor performance. In Experiment 2, participants had to learn the task with high or few feedbacks, which they could not control. In these conditions, intention was beneficial in promoting motor learning only for a low feedback schedule. We suggest that the beneficial effect of intention on learning can be overshadowed or emphasised by the feedback processing during encoding. These findings are discussed in light of theories surrounding prospective memory.

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