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21-02-2020 | Empirical Research

Fear of Failure Mediates the Relation Between Parental Psychological Control and Academic Outcomes: A Latent Mediated-Moderation Model of Parents’ and Children’s Genders

Auteurs: Audrey-Ann Deneault, Alexandre Gareau, Jean-François Bureau, Patrick Gaudreau, Marie-France Lafontaine

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 8/2020

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Abstract

Given the negative relations between parental psychological control and various aspects of emerging adults’ social and emotional adaptation, there is a need to determine whether similar relations exist for emerging adults’ academic adjustment. The current study tested an integrative model using an interactionist approach of dyadic gender composition to test whether maternal and paternal psychological control are unique and interactive predictors of four different indicators of academic adjustment (i.e., academic achievement, satisfaction of academic achievement, academic goal progress, and school satisfaction) for male and female emerging adults, using fear of failure as a mediator. The sample comprised 1792 undergraduate students aged 17–25 years old (74.2% identified as females). The results showed that maternal and paternal psychological control interacted to predict students’ fear of failure, and that fear of failure negatively predicted all indicators of academic adjustment. The results revealed small indirect mediation effects. For females, fear of failure mediated the relation between the interaction of psychological control and satisfaction of academic achievement. For males, fear of failure mediated the relation between the interaction of psychological control and academic goal progress. The results show that parents continue to play an important role in their children’s lives during emerging adulthood, and provide insight on the mechanisms underlying such parental influence.
Voetnoten
1
Mean differences of the variables based on gender composition of the dyad were examined from an exploratory perspective using an ANOVA test and an aggregation procedure. Results revealed that females reported higher fear of failure (F(1, 1754) = 19.124; p < 0.001; r = 0.118), while males reported higher goal progress (F(1, 1754) = 7.851; p = 0.005; r = 0.076); these mean differences between students’ genders were of a small magnitude. There were no differences between maternal and paternal psychological control across students’ genders.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Fear of Failure Mediates the Relation Between Parental Psychological Control and Academic Outcomes: A Latent Mediated-Moderation Model of Parents’ and Children’s Genders
Auteurs
Audrey-Ann Deneault
Alexandre Gareau
Jean-François Bureau
Patrick Gaudreau
Marie-France Lafontaine
Publicatiedatum
21-02-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 8/2020
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-020-01209-x

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